Formal industrial areas that are abandoned. Usually located next to or in poor neighborhoods where minorities reside. There may be some toxic wastes in these areas.
Non service-oriented suburban office where the non-glamorous activities of a business occur such as document filing. Remember picture of brick building with no windows.
Created the "Zone Model" of urban development in 19201. Centered on the the idea that metropolitan areas consisted of zones based on land value as it relates to geographic accessibility. An ecological model with ethnic groups as the species.
central place theory
a set of models designed to explain the spatial distribution of urban service centers
They may act as synthetic estrogens, interfere with testosterone or otherwise interfere in the processes of sexual reproduction and maturation
Dioxin, PCBs, phthalates (used in PVC plastics and "vinyl," as well as pesticides and cosmetics), lead, and mercury
refers to non-rural development that is within a metropolitan area, but outside the urban area.
The displacement of lower income residents by higher income residents as buildings in deteriorated areas of city centers are restored.
the binding together of all the lands and peoples of the world into an integrated system driven by capitalistic free markets, in which cultural diffusion is rapid, independent states are weakened, and cultural homogenization is encouraged
Water pumped from underground by using wells and reaching either the water table or an aquifer. Can be overused and cause subsidence if the rate of recharge is lower than the rate of discharge.
Hydraulic civilization model
Developed by Karl Wittfogel. A civilization model based on theory that large-scale irrigation was the prime mover behind urbanization and that a class of technical specialists were the first urban dwellers.
a cultural innovation that is developed in two or more locations by individuals or groups working independently
the greatest success so far in implementing an international environmental agreement
the physical form of the city, which consists of street patterns, building sizes and shapes, architecture, and density. It makes statements about how cultures occupy and shape space
New idea in Austin is to combine different landuses in a single area
This is actually an old way of creating urban space
the physical separation of some economic activities from the main production facility, usually for the purpose of employing cheap labor
an industry engaged in the extraction of natural resources, such as agriculture, lumbering, and mining
a practice by banks and mortgage companies of demarcating areas considered to be high risk for housing loans
Restricted areas/homes for certain people.
an industry engaged in processing raw materials into finished products; manufacturing
the survival of a land-use system for centuries or millennia without destruction of the environmental base, allowing generation after generation to continue to live there
the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing. Beyond this, they are unable to grow because of inappropriate environmental conditions (usually cold temperatures or lack of moisture).