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Industrial Revolution

the economic changes of the late 1700s, when manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work

Samuel Slater

builder of the first water-powered textile mill in America

factory system

method of production using many workers and machines in one building

Lowell mills

textile mills located in the factory town of Lowell, Massachusetts

Robert Fulton

inventor of America's first widely successful steamboat

Peter Cooper

builder of America's first successful steam-powered locomotive

Samuel F. B. Morse

inventor of the telegraph

threshing machine

a device that separates kernels of wheat from their husks

mechanical reaper

a device that cuts grain

cotton gin

machine that made cleaning seeds from cotton faster

Eli Whitney

inventor of the cotton gin

Nat Turner

leader of an 1831 slave rebellion in Virginia

spirituals

religious folk songs

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