GRE (3) Super awesome
|abase|| Verb - To cast down or to lower, as in rank, office, condition in life or estimation of worthiness, so as to hurt feelings or cause pain; to depress; to humiliate; to humble; to degrade|
abasedly, abasement, abaser
|abate|| Verb - To bring down or reduce to a lower state, number, degree or value; to diminish.|
To deduct or omit.
abatable, abatement, abater, unabated
|abet|| Verb - To assist or encourage by aid or countenance, especially in crime.|
To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain.
abetment, abettal, abetter, abettor.
|abeyance||Noun - Suspension; temporary suppression.|
|abject|| Adj - Showing utter hopelessness; helplessness; showing resignation|
syn - vile, worthless
|abjure|| verb - To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow.|
To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; to swear an oath to leave.
|ablution|| noun - The act of washing or cleansing the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite.|
(literary or humorous, usually in the plural) Washing oneself; bathing, cleaning oneself up.
|abnegate|| verb - To deny (oneself something); to renounce or give up (a right, a power, a claim, a privilege, a convenience); to relinquish; to surrender.|
|aborigine||noun - A native inhabitant of a country.|
|abrade||verb - To rub or wear off; to waste or wear away by friction; to damage or make rough; as, to abrade rocks.|
|abrogate||To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or her or his successor; to repeal|
|absolve|| verb - To set free, release or discharge (from obligations, debts, responsibility etc.)|
|abstemious||adj - Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions.|
|abstruse||adj - remote from apprehension; difficult to comprehend or understand; recondite; as in abstruse learning|
|abut||verb - To touch by means of a mutual border, edge or end; to border on; to lie adjacent; to project; to terminate; to be contiguous; to meet.|
|accede|| Verb -To agree or assent to a proposal or a view; to give way|
acquiesce, comply, concur, concede
|acclivity||noun - A slope or inclination of the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as ascending|
|accoutrement||noun - An article of clothing or equipment, in particular when used as an accessory.|
|accretion|| noun - The act of increasing by natural growth; especially the increase of organic bodies by the internal accession of parts; organic growth.|
Something added externally to promote growth the external growth of an item
|acme||noun - The top or highest point; pinnacle; culmination.|
|acquiesce||verb - To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence or by omitting to object; — followed by "in", formerly also by "with" and "to"|
|acrid|| adj - Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not to the taste; pungent.|
Causing heat and irritation; corrosive
|acrimonious||adj - Of or pertaining to acrimony, words, arguments, quarrels: bitter; mean-spirited; sharp in language or tone.|
|acumen||noun - quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination|
|addendum|| noun - Something to be added; especially text added as an appendix or supplement to a document.|
|addled||adj - Confused; mixed up|
|adduce||verb - To bring forward or offer, as an argument, passage, or consideration which bears on a statement or case; to cite; to allege|
|adjudicate|| verb - To settle a legal case or other dispute.|
To act as a judge
|admonish|| verb - To warn or notify of a fault; to reprove gently or kindly, but seriously; to exhort.|
To counsel against wrong practices; to caution or advise; to warn against danger or an offense; — followed by of, against, or a subordinate clause.
To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.
|Adonis||noun - A beautiful young man loved by Aphrodite|
|adroit||adj - dexterous, deft or skillful|
|adulation||noun - Flattery; fulsome praise|
|adventitious||adj - Accidental, additional, appearing casually|
|adversary||noun - An opponent or rival|
|adversity|| noun - The state of adverse conditions; state of misfortune or calamity. |
An event that is adverse; calamity
|aegis||noun - A mythological shield associated with Zeus and Athena shown as a short cloak consisting of a goatskin. The aegis of Athena is usually shown with a border of snakes and with the head of Medusa in the center. The aegis is more an emblem of protection and power than an actual military shield.|
Protection, guidance. Usually used as 'under the aegis' because of its origin as protection of the shield of Athena.
|affable|| adj - Receiving others kindly and conversing with them in a free and friendly manner; friendly, courteous, sociable. |
|affectation|| noun - An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false display; artificial show.|
An unusual mannerism
|affront|| verb - To insult intentionally, especially openly.|
To meet defiantly; to confront.
|aggrandize|| verb - To make great; to enlarge; to increase|
To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or wealth; applied to persons, countries, etc.
|agrarian|| adj - Of, or relating to, the ownership, tenure and cultivation of land|
Agricultural or rural.
|ague|| noun - An intermittent fever, attended by alternate cold and hot fits.|
The cold fit or rigor of the intermittent fever
|alacrity|| noun - Eagerness; liveliness; enthusiasm. |
|albatross|| noun - Any of various large seabirds of the family Diomedeidae ranging widely in the Southern Ocean and the North Pacific|
A long-term impediment, burden, or curse.
|alimentary|| adj - of, or relating to food, nutrition or digestion|
|allay|| verb - To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.|
To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
|alluvial||adj - Pertaining to the soil deposited by a stream|
|ambrosial||adj - Succulently sweet or fragrant; balmy, divine|
|ambulatory||adj - Of, relating to, or adapted to walking|
|ambuscade||noun - An ambush; a trap laid for an enemy.|
|ameliorate||verb - To make better, to improve; to heal; to solve a problem.|
|amenable|| adj - Willing to respond to persuasion or suggestions.|
Willing to comply with; agreeable.
|amiss||adj - Wrong; faulty; out of order; improper; as, it may not be amiss to ask advice|
|amoral|| adj - (of acts) being neither moral nor immoral|
(of people) not believing in or caring for morality and immorality
|anathema||noun - A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by ecclesiastical authority, often accompanied by excommunication; denunciation of anything as accursed.|
|ancillary||adj - Subordinate; secondary; auxiliary; accessory|
|anent||prep - Concerning, with regard to, about, in respect to, as to, insofar as, inasmuch as|
|animadversion|| noun - A criticism, a critical remark|
The state or characteristic of being animadversive
|animus|| noun - The basic impulses and instincts which govern one's actions.|
A feeling of enmity, animosity or ill will
|annals||noun - annals|
|anneal||verb - To subject to great heat, and then cool slowly for the purpose of rendering less brittle; to temper; to toughen.|
|anon||adv - Soon; in a little while|
|anoxia||noun - A condition in which tissues are severely or totally deprived of oxygen, severe hypoxia|
|anteroom||noun - A room before, or forming an entrance to, another; a waiting room.|
|anthropomorphic|| adj - Having the form of a man|
(of inanimate objects, animals, or other non-human entities) given human attributes
|antipathy|| adj - Contrariety or opposition in feeling; settled aversion or dislike; repugnance; distaste.|
Natural contrariety; incompatibility; repugnancy of qualities; as, oil and water have antipathy
|antipodes||noun - Any two places or regions that are on diametrically opposite sides of the earth|
|antithesis||noun - A proposition that is the diametric opposite of some other proposition.|
|ape|| verb - To imitate; mimic.|
adj - Wild; crazy.
|aperture||noun - An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall|
|aphasia||noun - A partial or total loss of language skills due to brain damage|
|aphorism|| noun - An original laconic phrase conveying some principle or concept of thought|
|apiary||noun - A place where bees and their hives are kept|
|aplomb||noun - self-confidence; poise; composure.|
|apocryphal||adj - Of doubtful authenticity, or lacking authority; not regarded as canonical.|
|apogee||noun - The point, in an orbit about the Earth, that is furthest from the Earth: the apoapsis of an Earth orbiter|
|apoplexy||noun - Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain|
|apostate||noun - A person who has renounced a religion or faith.|
|apothegm||noun - A short, witty, instructive saying; an aphorism or maxim|
|apotheosis||noun - Glorification, exaltation; crediting someone with extraordinary power or status|
|appellation||noun - A name, title or designation|
|append||verb - To hang or attach to, as by a string, so that the thing is suspended; as, a seal appended to a record; the inscription was appended to the column.|
|apposite||adj - Appropriate, relevant, well-suited; fit.|
|apprise||verb - To notify, or to make aware; to inform|
|appurtenance||noun - An appendage added to something else (usually more important)|
|apropos||adj - Of an appropriate or pertinent nature|
|aquiline||adj - of, pertaining to, or characteristic of eagles|
|arable||adj - suitable for cultivation, such as by ploughing|
|arbiter|| noun - A person appointed, or chosen, by parties to determine a controversy between them; an arbitrator. |
(with of) A person or object having the power of judging and determining, or ordaining, without control; one whose power of deciding and governing is not limited.
|arcane||adj - Understood by only a few; obscure; requiring secret or mysterious knowledge|
|archipelago||noun - A group of islands.|
|ardent||adj - Full of ardor; fervent, passionate|
|aria||noun - A musical piece written typically for a solo voice with orchestral accompaniment in an opera or cantata|
|arrant||adj - Utter; complete|
|arrears||noun - (proceeded by in) An unpaid or overdue obligation. A debt.|
|arroyo||noun - A water course; a rivulet.|
|artful||adj - Cunning; disposed to cunning indirectness of dealing; crafty|
|artifice||noun - A crafty but underhanded deception|
|ascetic||adj - characterized by rigorous self-denial or self-discipline; austere; abstinent; involving a withholding of physical pleasure|
|askance||adv - (of a look or glance) With disapproval, skepticism, or suspicion|
|asperity|| noun - Roughness as of stone or weather.|
Harshness, as of temper.
Something that is harsh and difficult to endure.
|aspersion||noun - An attack on somebody's reputation or good name, often in the phrase to cast aspersions upon|
|assail||verb - launch an attack or assault on|
|assiduity||noun - great and constant diligence and attention|
|assuage|| verb - To lessen the intensity of, to mitigate or relieve (hunger, emotion, pain etc.).|
To pacify or soothe (someone).
|astringent||noun - a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals|
|asunder||adv - into parts or pieces|
|atavistic|| adj - of a throwback or exhibiting primitivism.|
relating to earlier, more primitive behavior that returns after an absence.
|atone|| verb - make amends for|
|attenuated||adj - Made, or become weak|
|attrition||noun - wearing or grinding down by friction|
|au courant||adj - being up to particular standard or level especially in being up to date in knowledge|
|augur||verb - predict from an omen|
|august||adj - Noble, venerable, majestic, awe-inspiring, often of the highest social class (sometimes used ironically)|
|auroral||adj - characteristic of the dawn|
|auspices|| noun - kindly endorsement and guidance|
|auspicious|| adj - Of good omen; indicating future success.|
Conducive to success.
|austere|| adj - of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor|
self - disciplined, self - denying
|autocratic||adj - offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power|
|autumnal||adj - characteristic of late maturity verging on decline|
|aver||verb - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true|
|averse|| adj - Having a repugnance or opposition of mind.|
Turned away or backward.
|aviary||noun - a building where birds are kept|
|avoirdupois||noun - Weight; heaviness.|
|avuncular||adj - like an uncle in kindness or indulgence|
|axiom||noun - A seemingly self-evident or necessary truth which is based on assumption; a principle or proposition which cannot actually be proven or dis‐proven|
|azure||noun - a light shade of blue|
|bacchanalian||adj - Characterized by or given to drunken revelry; riotously drunken|
|badinage||noun - light, playful banter or raillery|
|bagatelle||noun - something of little value or significance|
|baleful|| adj - Portending (signifying) evil; ominous.|
Miserable, wretched, distressed, suffering
|banal||adj - lacking force or originality; trite; commonplace|
|bandy|| verb - To give and receive reciprocally; to exchange.|
to bandy words (with somebody)
To use or pass about casually.
to have one's name bandied about (or around)
|bark||noun - a sailing ship with 3 (or more) masts|
|baroque||adj - extravagantly ornate, florid, and convoluted in character or style|
|barrister||noun - a British lawyer who speaks in the higher courts of law|
|bawdy||adj - indecent; lewd; obscene|
|beatitude||noun - a state of supreme happiness|
|bedlam||noun - A place or situation of chaotic uproar, and where confusion prevails|
|beguile|| verb - To deceive or delude (using guile).|
To charm, delight or captivate.
|beholden||adj - Obligated to provide, display, or do something for another; bound by moral obligation; indebted; obliged.|
|beleaguer|| verb - To besiege; to surround with troops.|
To vex, harass, or beset.
|beset|| verb - To surround or hem in|
To attack, especially from all sides
|besmirch|| verb - To make dirty; to soil.|
To tarnish, especially someone's reputation; to debase.
|bestial||adj - (literally and figuratively) Beast-like|
|bestride|| verb - To be astride something, to sit on with legs on either side, especially to sit on a horse.|
(figuratively) To dominate
|betrothed||noun - Fiancé or fiancée|
|bevy|| noun - A group of animals, in particular quails.|
A large group or collection.
|bibulous|| adj - very absorbent|
given to or marked by the consumption of alcohol
|bilious||adj - Irritable or bad tempered; irascible.|
|bilk||verb - To frustrate or disappoint; to deceive or defraud by not fulfilling an obligation|
|bivouac||noun - Any temporary encampment|
|blandishment||noun - Flattering speech or actions designed to persuade or influence|
|blasé||adj - Unimpressed with something because of over-familiarity|
|blithe|| adj - (dated or literary) Happy, cheerful.|
Indifferent, careless, showing a lack of concern.
|bluster|| noun - Pompous, officious talk.|
A gust of wind.
Fitful noise and violence
|bombastic|| adj - (of a person, their language or writing) Pompous or overly wordy.|
High-sounding but with little meaning
|bon mot||noun - A clever saying, phrase or witticism; often, a witty riposte in dialogue|
|boon||noun - A good; a blessing or benefit; a great privilege; a thing to be thankful for.|
|boor|| A peasant.|
A yokel, country bumpkin,
An uncultured person
A person with rude, clumsy manners and little refinement
|boreal||adj - Of, relating to, or coming from the north|
|bowdlerize||verb - To remove those parts of a text considered offensive, vulgar, or otherwise unseemly.|
|brevity|| noun - The quality of being brief in duration.|
|brigand|| noun - An outlaw or bandit|
|brine||noun - salt water; water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; a salt-and-water solution for pickling|
|bristling|| adj - Showing anger|
|broach|| verb - To open, to make an opening into; to pierce.|
French knights at Agincourt were unable to broach the English line.
(figuratively) To begin discussion about (something)
|browbeat||verb - To bully in an intimidating, bossy, or supercilious way|
|bruit||verb - to spread, promulgate or disseminate a rumour, news etc|
|brusque||adj - Rudely abrupt, unfriendly|
|bucolic|| adj - Rustic, pastoral, country-styled.|
Pertaining to herdsmen or peasants.
|bugbear|| noun - An ongoing problem; a recurring obstacle or adversity.|
A source of dread; resentment; or irritation.
An imaginary creature meant to inspire fear in children
|bulwark|| noun - A defensive wall or rampart.|
A defense or safeguard.
|bumptious||adj - Obtrusively pushy; self-assertive to a pretentious extreme.|
|buoy|| noun - A float moored in water to mark a location, warn of danger, or indicate a navigational channel|
verb - To keep afloat or aloft.
To support or maintain at a high level
|burlesque||noun - A derisive art form that mocks by imitation; a parody|
|burnish||verb - To make smooth or shiny by rubbing; to polish; to shine|
|buttress||noun - Anything that serves to support something; a prop|
|cabal|| noun - A usually secret exclusive organization of individuals gathered for a political purpose.|
A secret plot.
|caesura||noun - A pause or interruption in a poem, music, building or other work of art.|
|callow||adj - Immature, lacking in life experience|
|calumny|| noun - a falsification or misrepresentation intended to disparage or discredit another.|
false charges brought about to tarnish another's reputation or standing.
|canard||noun - A false or misleading report or story, especially if deliberately so|
|candor||noun - the state of being sincere and open in speech; honesty in expression|
|canny|| adj - Careful, prudent, cautious.|
Knowing, shrewd, astute.
|cant|| noun - An argot, the jargon of a particular class or subgroup.|
A private or secret language used by a religious sect, gang, or other group.
(pejorative) Empty, hypocritical talk.
Whining speech, such as that used by beggars.
|capacious||adj - Having a lot of space inside; roomy|
|capitulate||verb - To agree terms of surrender; to end all resistance, to give up; to go along with or comply|
|capricious||adj - Impulsive and unpredictable; determined by chance, impulse, or whim|
|captious|| adj - Having a disposition to find fault unreasonably or to raise petty objections; cavilling, nitpicky|
hard to please
|carapace||noun - A hard protective covering of bone or chitin|
|carp|| noun - fish|
verb - To complain about a fault; to harp on
|carrion||noun - Dead flesh; carcasses|
|carte blanche||noun - Unlimited discretionary power to act; unrestricted authority|
|cartel||noun - A group of businesses or nations that collude to limit competition within an industry or market.|
|castigate|| verb - To punish severely; to criticize severely; to reprimand severely. |
To revise or make corrections to a publication.
|cataclysm||noun - A sudden, violent event|
|cataract|| noun - A large waterfall; steep rapids in a river.|
An overwhelming downpour or rush
(pathology) A disease of the eye causing its opacity and, unless treated, leading to blindness
|cathartic|| adj - purgative; inducing catharsis|
That releases emotional tension, especially after an overwhelming experience
|catholic||adj - Universal; all-encompassing|
|caucus||noun - A meeting, especially a preliminary meeting, of persons belonging to a party, to nominate candidates for public office, or to select delegates to a nominating convention, or to confer regarding measures of party policy; a political primary meeting.|
|cavalcade|| noun - A company of riders.|
(by extension) A series, a chain (e.g. of events).
|cavalier|| adj - Not caring enough about something important.|
Supercilious; haughty; disdainful; curt; brusque.
|caveat|| noun - a warning|
a qualification or exception
|cavil|| verb - To criticise for petty or frivolous reasons|
noun - A petty or trivial objection or criticism
|cavort||verb - To move about carelessly, playfully or boisterously|
|celerity|| noun - speed|
|certitude|| noun - sureness, certainty|
Something that is a certainty
|chaff||noun - Any excess or unwanted material, resource, or person; anything worthless|
|champ||verb - To bite or chew, especially noisily or impatiently|
|charnel|| adj - Of or relating to a charnel, deathlike, sepulchral|
|chary (of)|| adj - Disposed to cherish with care; careful.|
Cautious; wary; shy.
Sparing; not lavish; not disposed to give freely; frugal; ungenerous.
|chattel|| noun - Tangible, movable property. |
|chimerical|| adj - Inherently fantastic; wildly fanciful|
|chirography||noun - calligraphy or penmanship|
|churlish|| adj - of or pertaining to a serf, peasant, or rustic|
rude, surly, ungracious
|cipher||noun - Someone or something of no importance|
|circuitous|| adj - Not direct or to the point.|
Of a long and winding route. roundabout
|circumlocution|| noun - A roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.|
A roundabout expression. See also euphemism
|circumscribe||verb - To draw a line around; to encircle.|
|circumspect||adj - Carefully aware of all circumstances; considerate of all that is pertinent|
|citadel|| noun - A strong fortress that sits high above a city.|
A stronghold or fortified place.
|clairvoyant|| adj - Able to see things that cannot be perceived by the normal senses.|
Able to foresee the future
|clamber||verb - To climb something with some difficulty, or in a haphazard fashion|
|clandestine||adj - Done or kept in secret, sometimes to conceal an illicit or improper purpose|
|clangor|| noun - clang, noise|
blast (of a trumpet)
sound (of a horn)
cry (of a bird)
bark (of a dog)
harsh ringing sound
|clarion||adj - Loud and clear|
|clemency||noun - The gentle or kind exercise of power; leniency, mercy; compassion in judging or punishing|
|clime|| noun - A particular region as defined by its weather or climate.|
|cloistered||adj - Pertaining to isolation, protection, being hidden way for the sake of maintaining innocence; naive, lacking in worldliness|
|clout||noun - Influence or effectiveness, especially political|
|cloven||adj - Split or divided|
|coadjutor||noun - An assistant or helper|
|coalesce|| verb - To join into a single mass or whole.|
(of a whole or a unit) To form from different pieces or elements.
to blend; to merge; to fuse
|cogent|| adj - Reasonable and convincing; based on evidence.|
Appealing to the intellect or powers of reasoning.
|cogitate|| verb - To meditate, to ponder, to think deeply.|
To consider, to devise.
|cognate|| adj - related by birth; of the same parentage, descent, etc.|
Linguistics . descended from the same language or form
allied or similar in nature or quality.
|cognomen|| noun - surname|
a nickname or epithet by which someone is identified; a byname; a moniker or sobriquet
|colloquy||noun - A conversation or dialogue|
|collusion||noun - A secret agreement for an illegal purpose; conspiracy|
|comely||adj - Pleasing or attractive to the eye|
|commensurate||adj - of a proportionate or similar measurable standard|
|commiserate|| verb - To feel or express compassion or sympathy for (someone or something).|
To offer condolences jointly with; express sympathy with.
(with) To sympathize; condole.
|commodious|| adj - Spacious and convenient; roomy and comfortable.|
Adapted to its use or purpose, or to wants and necessities; suitable.
|compendium|| noun - A short, complete summary; an abstract.|
A list or collection of various items
|compensatory||adj - That compensates, or serves as compensation|
|complicity||noun - The state of being complicit; involvement as a partner or accomplice, especially in a crime or other wrongdoing|
|compunction||noun - A pricking of conscience or a feeling of regret, especially one which is slight or fleeting|
|conciliate|| verb - Make calm and content; placate.|
Mediate in a dispute.
|conclave||noun - A private meeting; a close or secret assembly|
|concomitant||adj - Happening at the same time as something else, especially because one thing is related to or causes the other|
|concourse|| noun - A large open space in a building where people can gather.|
A large group of people; a crowd.
The running or flowing together of things; the meeting of things; confluence
|condign||adj - Fitting, appropriate, deserved, especially denoting punishment|
|conflagration|| noun - A large fire extending to many objects, or over a large space; a general burning.|
(figuratively) A large-scale conflict
|confluent||adj - flowing together or merging|
|conjugal||adj - Of, or relating to marriage, or the relationship of spouses|
|connivance||noun - Willingness to secretly allow or be involved in an immoral or illegal act|
|connubial||adj - Of or relating to the state of being married|
|consanguinity||noun - A family relationship through parentage or descent. A blood relationship|
|consonant||adj - Characterized by harmony or agreement|
|consternation||noun - Amazement or horror that confounds the faculties, and incapacitates for reflection; terror, combined with amazement; dismay|
|contravene|| verb - To act contrary to an order, or fail to conform to a regulation. |
To deny the truth of something
|contretemps||noun - An unforeseen, inopportune, or embarrassing event; a hitch|
|contrite||adj - Sincerely penitent or feeling regret or sorrow, especially for one's own actions; apologetic|
|contumacious||adj - Contemptuous of authority; willfully disobedient; rebellious|
|contumely||noun - Offensive and abusive language or behaviour; scorn, insult|
|contusion||noun - A wound, such as a bruise, in which the skin is not broken; often having broken blood vessels and discolouration|
|conundrum|| noun - A difficult question or riddle, especially one using a play on words in the answer.|
A difficult choice or decision that must be made
|convalesce||verb - To recover health and strength gradually after sickness or weakness|
|conversant|| adj - closely familiar; current; having frequent interaction|
familiar or acquainted by use or study; well-informed; versed
|conveyance||noun - A means of transporting, especially a vehicle|
|convivial||adj - Of or relating to a feast or entertainment, or to eating and drinking, with accompanying festivity; festive; social; gay; jovial.|
|convoke|| verb - To convene, to cause to assemble for a meeting.|
To call together
|coquetry|| noun - An affectation of amorous tenderness, especially of a woman directed towards a man|
|corona|| noun - A crown or garland bestowed among the Romans as a reward for distinguished services.|
(astronomy) The luminous plasma atmosphere of the Sun or other star, extending millions of kilometres into space, most easily seen during a total solar eclipse
|corpulent||adj - Large in body; fat; overweight.|
|cortege||noun - A ceremonial procession, especially for a wedding or funeral or following a king|
|coterie|| noun - A circle of people who associate with one another.|
An exclusive group of people, who associate closely for a common purpose; a clique.
|countenance||noun - Appearance, especially the features and expression of the face|
|countermand|| verb - To revoke (a former command); to cancel or rescind by giving an order contrary to one previously given.|
To recall a person or unit with such an order
|counterpart|| noun - Either of two parts that fit together, or complement one another.|
(law) A duplicate of a legal document.
One which resembles another
One which has corresponding functions or characteristics.
|cozen||verb - To cheat; to defraud; to beguile; to deceive, usually by small arts, or in a pitiful way|
|crafty|| adj - Relating to, or characterized by, craft or skill; dexterous.|
Possessing dexterity; skilled; skillful.
Skillful at deceiving others; characterized by craft; cunning; wily
|crass|| adj - coarse; crude; not refined or sensible|
|craven||adj - Unwilling to fight; lacking even the rudiments of courage; extremely cowardly|
|credence||noun - Acceptance of a belief or claim as true, especially on the basis of evidence|
|credulity||noun - A willingness to believe in someone or something in the absence of reasonable proof; credulousness|
|crestfallen|| adj - Sad because of a recent disappointment.|
|crone||noun - an ugly, evil-looking, or frightening old woman; a hag|
|crony|| noun - (informal) Close friend.|
(informal) Trusted companion or partner in a criminal organization.
|crucible|| noun - The bottom and hottest part of a blast furnace; the hearth.|
A very difficult and trying experience, that acts as a refining or hardening process.
|cudgel||noun - a short heavy club with a rounded head used as a weapon|
|cull|| verb - To pick or take someone or something (from a larger group).|
To gather, collect.
To select animals from a group and then kill them in order to reduce the numbers of the group in a controlled manner.
To lay off in order to reduce the size of, get rid of.
|culminate|| verb - To reach the (physical) summit, highest point, peak etc.|
To reach a climax; to come to the decisive point (especially as an end or conclusion).
The class will culminate with a rigorous examination.
To finalize, bring to a conclusion, form the climax of.
|culpable||adj - meriting condemnation, censure or blame, especially as something wrong, harmful or injurious; blameworthy|
|cupidity||noun - Extreme greed, especially for wealth|
|curry||verb - To try to win or gain (favour) by flattering|
|cursory||adj - hasty; superficial; careless|
|curtail|| verb - To shorten or abridge the duration of something; to truncate.|
(figuratively) To limit or restrict, keep in check.
|cynosure|| noun - That which serves to guide or direct; a guiding star.|
Something that is the center of attention; an object that serves as a focal point of attraction and admiration.
|dais||noun - A raised platform in a room for dignified occupancy.|
|dale||noun - a valley in an otherwise hilly area.|
|dank|| adj - dark, damp and humid.|
(figuratively) highly potent
|dappled||adj - Having a mottled or spotted skin or coat, dapple.|
|dastardly|| adj - in the manner of a dastard (A malicious coward; a dishonorable sneak); marked by cowardice; pusillanimous|
treacherous; given to backstabbing
|daub||verb - To apply something to a surface in hasty or crude strokes.|
|dearth|| noun - A period or condition when food is rare and hence expensive; famine.|
(by extension) Scarcity; a lack or short supply
|debase|| verb - To lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade.|
(archaic) To lower in position or rank
|debauch|| verb - to morally corrupt (someone); to seduce|
to debase (something); to lower the value of (something)
|debonair|| adj - Suave, urbane and sophisticated.|
(especially of men) Charming, confident and carefully dressed.
|decadence||noun - A state of moral or artistic decline or deterioration; decay|
|decant||verb - To pour off gently, as liquor, so as not to disturb the sediment; or to pour from one vessel into another; as, to decant wine.|
|declaim|| verb - To object to something vociferously; to rail against in speech.|
To recite, e.g., poetry, in a theatrical way.
|declivity|| noun - the downward slope of a hill|
a downward bend in a path
|defalcate||verb - To misappropriate funds; to embezzle.|
|defection||noun - The act of incidence of abandoning or turning against; the act or incidence of ceasing or changing one's loyalty.|
|deference|| noun - Great respect.|
The willingness to carry out the wishes of others.
|definitive|| adj - explicitly defined|
conclusive or decisive
definite, authoritative and complete
|defoliate||verb - To remove foliage from (one or more plants), most often with a chemical agent.|
|defray||verb - To pay or discharge (a debt, expense etc.); to meet (the cost of something).|
|deft||adj - Quick and neat in action; skillful|
|defunct|| adj - (rare) Deceased, dead.|
No longer in use, inactive.
|deign|| verb - To condescend; to accept as appropriate to one's dignity.|
To condescend to give; to do something.
|deleterious||adj - harmful often in a subtle or unexpected way (as for example deleterious effects, deleterious to health).|
|delineate|| verb - To sketch out, draw or trace an outline.|
To depict, represent with pictures.
To describe or depict with words or gestures.
To outline or mark out.
|delude||verb - To deceive someone into believing something which is false.|
|deluge|| noun - A great flood or rain.|
An overwhelming amount of something.
|demagogue||noun - An orator or leader who gains favor by pandering to or exciting the passions and prejudices of the audience|
|demoralize||verb - To destroy morale; to dishearten.|
|demur|| verb - To delay; to pause; to suspend proceedings or judgment in view of a doubt or difficulty; to hesitate; to put off the determination or conclusion of an affair.|
To scruple or object; to take exception; to oppose; to balk
|demure||adj - Quiet, modest, reserved, sober, or serious.|
|denigrate|| verb - To criticise so as to besmirch; traduce, disparage or defame.|
To treat as worthless; belittle, degrade or disparage.
|denizen|| noun - An inhabitant of a place; one who dwells in.|
One who frequents a place.
|denouement||noun - (often used metaphorically) The conclusion or resolution of a plot.|
|depilate||verb - To remove hair from the body.|
|deplore|| verb - To bewail; to weep bitterly over; to feel sorrow for.|
To condemn; to express strong disapproval of.
|depose|| verb - To put down; to lay down; to deposit; to lay aside; to put away.|
(transitive) To remove (a leader) from (high) office, without killing the incumbent.
|depraved|| adj - Describing a person or action that is perverted or extremely wrong in a moral sense.|
Also corrupt in a moral sense, or disposition
|deprecate||verb - To belittle or express disapproval of|
|derelict|| adj - Abandoned, forsaken; (of ship) abandoned at sea; dilapidated, neglected.|
Negligent in performing a duty.
noun - A homeless and/or jobless person; a person who is (perceived as) negligent in their personal affairs and hygiene.
|deride||verb - To harshly mock; ridicule.|
|derision||noun - Act of treating with disdain (A feeling of contempt or scorn).|
|descry|| verb - To see|
To notice carefully; to detect
|desiccate|| verb - to dry|
to preserve by drying
|despoil|| verb - To deprive for spoil; to take spoil from; to plunder; to rob; to pillage. |
To violently strip (someone), with indirect object of their possessions etc.; to rob.
|despondent||adj - In low spirits from loss of hope or courage.|
|despot||noun - A ruler with absolute power; a tyrant|
|desuetude||noun - disuse, obsolescence (for example, the state of a custom that is no longer observed nor practised)|
|desultory|| adj - Jumping, or passing, from one thing or subject to another, without order or rational connection; without logical sequence; disconnected; immethodical; aimless.|
Out of course; by the way; as a digression; not connected with the subject.
Disappointing in performance or progress.
|détente||noun - A relaxing of tension between major powers, especially the particular thawing of relations between the Soviet Union and the United States following the Cold War.|
|detriment||noun - harm, hurt, damage|
|diadem|| noun - An ornamental headband worn as a badge of royalty.|
Regal power; sovereignty; empire — considered as symbolized by the crown.
|dialectic|| noun - Any formal system of reasoning that arrives at a truth by the exchange of logical arguments.|
A contradiction of ideas that serves as the determining factor in their interaction.
|diaphanous|| adj - Transparent; allowing light to pass through; capable of being seen through.|
Of a fine, almost transparent texture, e.g. gossamer.
|diatribe|| noun - An abusive, bitter denunciation.|
A prolonged discourse.
A speech or writing which bitterly denounces something.
|dicker|| verb - to bargain, haggle or negotiate over a sale|
|diction||noun - The effectiveness and degree of clarity of word choice, and presentation of said words.|
|dictum|| noun - a noteworthy statement: as|
a : a formal pronouncement of a principle, proposition, or opinion
b : an observation intended or regarded as authoritative
a judge's expression of opinion on a point other than the precise issue involved in determining a case
|didactic|| adj - Instructive or intended to teach or demonstrate, especially with regard to morality. (I.e., didactic poetry)|
|diffident||adj - Lacking confidence in one's self; distrustful of one's own powers; not self-reliant; timid; modest; bashful; characterized by modest reserve|
|dilatory|| adj - Intentionally delaying (someone or something), intended to cause delay, gain time, or defer decision.|
Slow or tardy.
|dilettante|| noun - An amateur, someone who dabbles in a field out of casual interest rather than as a profession or serious interest.|
A person with a general but superficial interest in any art or a branch of knowledge
|diminutive||adj - Very small|
|dint||noun - Force, power; especially in by dint of|
|dipsomaniac|| noun - One with a morbid paroxysmal craving for alcohol; an alcoholic.|
A persistently drunken person; a drunkard.
|disavow|| verb - To refuse strongly and solemnly to own or acknowledge; to deny responsibility for, approbation of, and the like; to disclaim; to disown.|
To deny; to show the contrary of; to disprove.
|discomfiture||noun - A feeling of frustration, disappointment, perplexity or embarrassment|
|disconsolate|| adj - cheerless, dreary|
seemingly beyond consolation; inconsolable
|discountenance|| verb - To have an unfavorable opinion of; to deprecate or disapprove|
To abash, embarrass or disconcert
|discursive||adj - (of speech or writing) Tending to digress from the main point; rambling.|
|disinter|| verb - To take out of the grave or tomb; to unbury; to exhume; to dig up.|
To bring out, as from a grave or hiding place; to bring from obscurity into view.
|disinterested||adj - Having no stake or interest in the outcome; free of bias, impartial.|
|dissemble|| verb - To disguise or conceal something; to feign.|
To deliberately ignore something; to pretend not to notice.
To falsely hide one's opinions or feelings.
|dissimulate|| verb - To practise deception by concealment or omission or by feigning a false appearance.|
To hide or disguise by adopting a false appearance.
|dissolute|| adj - Unrestrained by morality.|
Recklessly abandoned to sensual pleasures.
|dissuade||verb - To convince not to try or do.|
|dither|| verb - To be uncertain or unable to make a decision about doing something.|
To do something nervously.
|diurnal|| adj - Happening or occurring during daylight, or primarily active during that time|
Having a daily cycle that is completed every 24 hours, usually referring to tasks, processes, tides, or sunrise to sunset.
|divers|| adj - Various.|
(dated, only before noun) Of many different sorts.
|divest|| (archaic) To undress, disrobe.|
To strip, deprive, or dispossess (someone) of something (such as a right, passion, privilege, or prejudice).
To sell off or be rid of through sale, especially of a subsidiary
|divination|| noun - The act of divining; a foreseeing or foretelling of future events.|
The pretended art of discovering secrets or the future by preternatural means.
An indication of what is future or secret; augury omen; conjectural presage; prediction
|doddering||adj - mentally or physically infirm due to old age; senile|
|doff|| verb - (clothing) to remove or take off, especially of clothing |
to remove or tip a hat, as in greeting, salutation or as a mark of respect
to get rid of, to throw off
|doggedly||adv - in a way that is stubbornly persistent|
|doldrums||noun - the state of boredom, malaise, apathy or lack of interest; a state of listlessness ennui, or tedium|
|doleful||adj - griefful, mournful, bringing feelings of sadness.|
|dolorous||adj - Solemnly or ponderously sad|
|dolt||noun - A stupid person; a blockhead or dullard|
|donnybrook||noun - A brawl or fracas; a scene of chaos|
|dossier||noun - A collection of papers and/or other sources, containing detailed information about a particular person or subject, together with a synopsis of their content.|
|dotage|| Decline in judgment and other cognitive functions, associated with aging; senility. |
Fondness or attentiveness, especially to an excessive degree.
foolish utterance; drivel
|doughty|| adj - Brave; bold; courageous; valiant; intrepid; stouthearted; fearless.|
Hardy; strenuous; dauntless; resolute.
|dowdy|| adj - Plain and unfashionable in style or dress.|
Lacking stylishness or neatness; shabby.
|doyen||noun - The senior, or eldest male member of a group.|
|Draconian||adj - Very severe, oppressive or strict.|
|droll||adj - oddly humorous; whimsical, amusing in a quaint way; waggish|
|dross|| noun - Waste or impure matter|
Worthless or trivial matter
Residue that forms on the surface of a metal from oxidation
The impurities in metal
A waste product from working with metal
|ductile|| adj - Capable of being pulled or stretched into thin wire by mechanical force without breaking.|
Molded easily into a new form.
|dudgeon||noun - A feeling of offense or deep resentment: "the manager walked out in high dudgeon".|
|dulcet|| adj - Sweet, especially when describing voice or tones; melodious.|
Generally pleasing; agreeable.
|dulcimer||noun - a type of zither|
|duplicity||noun - Intentional deceptiveness; double-dealing.|
|dyspepsia||noun - A generic term for mild disorders of digestion, characterised by stomach pain, discomfort, heartburn and nausea, often following a meal.|
|dysphasia||noun - loss of or deficiency in the power to use or understand language as a result of injury or disease of the brain|
|ebullient||adj - boiling, agitated, enthusiastic, high-spirited|
|echelon|| noun - A level or rank in an organization, profession, or society.|
Level of power
|éclat||noun - A brilliant or successful effect; brilliance of success or effort; splendor; brilliant show; striking effect; glory; renown.|
|eclectic|| adj - Selecting a mixture of what appear to be best of various doctrines, methods or styles.|
Unrelated and unspecialized; heterogeneous.
|edifice|| noun - A building; a structure; an architectural fabric, especially an imposing one; a large or fine building, public or private.|
An abstract structure; a school of thought.
|edify||verb - To instruct or improve morally or intellectually|
|educe|| verb - To draw out or bring out; elicit or evoke|
(transitive) To infer or deduce.
|effectual||adj - Producing the intended result; entirely adequate|
|effete|| adj - (of a person) Affected, overrefined, and ineffectual.|
No longer capable of effective action.
|efflorescent|| adj - bursting into flower|
growing at a rapid rate; flourishing
|effluent||adj - Flowing out; outflowing.|
|effrontery|| noun - insolent and shameless audacity. |
Shameless rudeness and disrespect
|effulgent||adj - shining, resplendent, with radiant splendor|
|effusion|| noun - an outpouring of liquid|
(by extension) an outpouring of speech or emotion
|egregious|| adj - Exceptional, conspicuous, outstanding, most usually in a negative fashion.|
|egress|| noun - An exit or way out|
The process of exiting or leaving.
|elegy||noun - A mournful or plaintive poem; a funeral song; a poem of lamentation.|
|Elysian||adj - (idiomatic) Happy, blissful, heavenly.|
|emendation|| noun - The act of altering for the better, or correcting what is erroneous or faulty; correction; improvement.|
Alteration by editorial criticism, as of a text so as to give a better reading; removal of errors or corruptions from a document.
|emetic||adj - causing nausea and vomiting|
|eminent|| adj - high, lofty; towering; prominent.|
noteworthy, remarkable, great
of a person, distinguished, important, noteworthy
|emissary||noun - An agent sent on a mission to represent the interests of someone else.|
|emollient|| noun - Something which softens or lubricates the skin.|
Anything soothing the mind, or that makes something more acceptable.
|emolument||noun - Payment for an office or employment; compensation for a job, which is usually monetary.|
|emulous|| adj - Seeking to emulate or imitate someone or something.|
Motivated by a spirit of rivalry
(obs) - jealous
|enclave|| noun - A political, cultural or social entity or part thereof that is completely surrounded by another.|
A group that is set off from a larger population by its characteristic or behavior
|encomium||noun - Warm praise, especially a formal expression of such praise; a tribute.|
|endemic||adj - Native to a particular area or culture; originating where it occurs.|
|enervate|| verb - To reduce strength or energy; debilitate.|
To weaken morally or mentally.
To unnerve or faze.
|engender|| verb - To give existence to, to produce (living creatures).|
To bring into existence (a situation, quality, result etc.); to give rise to, cause, create.
|enmity|| noun - The quality of being an enemy; hostile or unfriendly disposition.|
A state or feeling of opposition, hostility, hatred or animosity.
|ennui||noun - A gripping listlessness or melancholia caused by boredom; depression.|
|enormity|| noun - Extreme wickedness, nefariousness.|
An act of extreme evil or wickedness.
|ensconce|| verb - To place in a secure environment|
To settle comfortably
|entreaty||noun - The act of entreating or beseeching; urgent prayer; earnest petition; pressing solicitation.|
|envoy||noun - representative; diplomat; messenger|
|epigram|| noun - A brief but witty saying.|
A short, witty or pithy poem.
|epistle||noun - A letter, or a literary composition in the form of a letter|
|epithet|| noun - A term used to characterize a person or thing.|
A term used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person.
An abusive or contemptuous word or phrase
|epoch|| noun - A particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable or noteworthy.|
A notable event which marks the beginning of such a period.
|equanimity||noun - The state of being calm, stable and composed, especially under stress|
|equipoise|| noun - A state of balance; equilibrium.|
|equivocal||adj - Having two or more significations equally applicable; capable of double or multiple interpretation; of doubtful meaning; ambiguous; uncertain; as, equivocal words; an equivocal sentence.|
Capable of being ascribed to different motives, or of signifying opposite feelings, purposes, or characters; deserving to be suspected; as, his actions are equivocal.
Uncertain, as an indication or sign; doubtful, incongruous.
|equivocate||verb - To use words of equivocal or doubtful signification; to express one's opinions in terms which admit of different senses, with intent to deceive; to use ambiguous expressions with a view to mislead; as, to equivocate is the work of duplicity.|
|errant|| adj - straying from the proper course or standard, or outside established limits|
prone to making errors
|ersatz||adj - Made in imitation; artificial, especially of an inferior quality.|
|erstwhile||adj - Formerly; in the past.|
|erudite||adj - Learned, scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books.|
|escarpment||noun - A steep descent or declivity; steep face or edge of a ridge; ground about a fortified place, cut away nearly vertically to prevent hostile approach.|
|eschew||verb - To avoid; to shun, to shy away from (typically an idea instead of an actual object)|
|escrow||noun - A bond, deed, or other document kept in the custody of a third party, taking effect only when a specified condition has been fulfilled.|
|esoteric|| adj - Understood only by a chosen few or an enlightened inner circle.|
Having to do with concepts that are highly theoretical and without obvious practical application; often with mystical or religious connotations.
|espouse|| verb - To become/get married to.|
To accept, support, or take on as one's own (an idea or a cause).
|essay||verb - To try|
|estival|| adj - Of or relating to summer.|
Coming forth in the summer.
|eugenics||noun - The science of improving stock, whether human or animal.|
|euphonious||adj - Pleasant-sounding; agreeable to the ear; possessing or demonstrating euphony.|
|evanescent|| adj - Vanishing, disappearing.|
Ephemeral, momentary, fleeting.
Barely there; almost imperceptible.
|eventuate|| verb - To have a given result; to turn out (well, badly etc.); to result in|
To happen as a result; to come about
|evince||verb - To show or demonstrate clearly; to manifest.|
|excise|| noun - A tax charged on goods produced within the country (as opposed to customs duties, charged on goods from outside the country)|
verb - To cut out; to remove
|excoriate|| verb - To wear off the skin of; to chafe or flay.|
To strongly denounce or censure.
|exculpate||verb - To clear of or free from guilt; exonerate.|
|execrate|| verb - To feel loathing for; abhor.|
To declare to be hateful or abhorrent; denounce.
|exhort||verb - To urge; to advise earnestly|
|exigent|| adj - Urgent; needing immediate action.|
Demanding; needing great effort.
|exiguous||adj - scanty; meager|
|expatiate||verb - To write or speak at length; to be copious in argument or discussion, to descant.|
|expatriate|| noun - One who lives outside one's own country.|
One who has been banished from one's own country.
verb - To banish; to drive or force (a person) from his own country; to make an exile of.
To withdraw from one's native country.
|expectorate|| verb - To cough up fluid from the lungs.|
|expiate|| verb - To atone or make reparation for.|
To make amends or pay the penalty for
|explicate||verb - To explain meticulously or in great detail; to elucidate; to analyze.|
|expound|| verb - To lay open; to expose to view; to examine or exposit.|
To lay open the meaning of; to explain or discuss at length; to clear of obscurity; to interpret.
|expurgate||verb - To edit out rude, incorrect, offensive, useless, or otherwise undesirable information from a book, CD or other publication; to cleanse; to purge|
|extant|| adj - Still in existence.|
Currently existing; not having disappeared.
Still alive; not extinct.
|extemporaneous||adj - without preparation or advanced thought; offhand|
|extirpate|| verb - To pull up by the roots; uproot.|
To destroy completely; to annihilate.
To surgically remove.
|extol||verb - to praise; to make high|
|factious|| adj - Of, pertaining to, or caused by factions.|
Given to or characterized by discordance or insubordination.
|factitious|| adj - Created by humans, artificial.|
|factotum|| noun - A jack of all trades.|
An individual employed to do all sorts of duties.
|fallow||adj - (of farmland) Plowed and harrowed but left unsown for a period in order to restore its fertility as part of a crop rotation or to avoid surplus production|
|farcical||adj - resembling a farce; ludicrous; absurd|
|fastidious|| adj - Excessively particular, demanding, or fussy about details.|
Difficult to please; quick to find fault
|fatalistic||adj - Of or pertaining to fatalism (fate, fatality, the doctrine that all events are subject to fate or inevitable necessity, or determined in advance in such a way that human beings cannot change them)|
|fatuous||adj - Obnoxiously stupid, vacantly silly, content in one's foolishness.|
|fauna||noun - animals considered as a group; especially those of a particular country, region, time, etc.|
|fealty|| noun - Fidelity to one's lord; the feudal obligation by which the tenant or vassal was bound to be faithful to his lord; fidelity; allegiance; faithfulness.|
The oath by which this obligation was assumed.
|febrile|| adj - Feverish, or having a high temperature.|
Full of nervous energy.
|fecund|| adj - (formal) Highly fertile; able to produce offspring.|
(figuratively) Leading to new ideas or innovation.
|feint|| noun - A movement made to confuse the opponent, a dummy|
That which is feigned; an assumed or false appearance; a pretense; a stratagem; a fetch.
|fell|| verb - To make something fall; especially to chop down a tree.|
adj - Of a strong and cruel nature; eagre and unsparing; grim; fierce; ruthless; savage.
|felonious||adj - Of, relating to, being, or having the quality of felony; malignant; malicious; villainous; traitorous; perfidious.|
|ferment|| noun - Something, such as a yeast that causes fermentation.|
A state of agitation or of turbulent change.
|ferret||verb - To uncover and bring to light by searching; usually to ferret out.|
|fervid|| adj - Intensely hot, emotional, or zealous.|
Very or extremely hot.
|fete|| noun - a celebration, party, or holiday|
verb - to entertain at or honor with a fete
|fetid||adj - Foul-smelling, Stinking.|
|fiat||noun - An authoritative command or order to do something; an effectual decree.|
|filch||verb - To steal, to illegally take possession of.|
|filial|| adj - ertaining to or befitting a son or daughter. |
Respectful of the duties and attitudes of a son or daughter toward their parents
|firebrand||noun - An argumentative troublemaker or revolutionary; one who agitates against the current situation.|
|firmament||noun - The vault of the heavens; the sky.|
|fitful||adj - Irregular; unsteady; characterized by fits.|
|flag||verb - To weaken, become feeble.|
|flay|| verb - to strip off the skin or surface of|
to criticize harshly
|fledgling||noun - (figuratively) An immature, naïve and/or inexperienced person.|
|fleece||verb - Con or trick someone out of money.|
|flippant||adj - Lacking respect or seriousness, showing levity; pert.|
|flotilla||noun - A small fleet of warships (usually of the same class), or a fleet of small ships|
|flotsam||noun - Debris floating in a river or sea, in particular fragments from a shipwreck.|
|flout|| verb - To express contempt for the rules by word or action.|
To openly disregard
|fluvial||adj - Of, pertaining to, inhabiting, or produced by the action of a river or stream|
|foible|| noun - A quirk, idiosyncrasy, or mannerism; unusual habit or way (usage is typically plural), that is slightly strange or silly.|
A weakness or failing of character.
|foil|| noun - (figuratively) In literature, theatre/theater, etc, a character who helps emphasize the traits of the main character.|
(figuratively) Anything that acts to emphasise the characteristics of something.
verb - To prevent (something) from being accomplished.
To prevent (someone) from accomplishing something
|foist|| verb - To introduce or insert surreptitiously or without warrant. |
To force another to accept especially by stealth or deceit.
To pass off as genuine or worthy.
|folderol|| noun - Nonsense or foolishness.|
A decorative object of little value; a trifle or gewgaw.
|foment||verb - To incite or cause troublesome acts; to encourage; to instigate|
|fop||noun - A vain man; a dandy.|
|foray|| noun - A sudden or irregular incursion in border warfare; hence, any irregular incursion for war or spoils; a raid.|
A brief excursion or attempt especially outside one's accustomed sphere.
|forbearance|| noun - Patient self-control; restraint and tolerance.|
The action of refraining from exercising a legal right, esp. enforcing the payment of a debt
|forebear||noun - An ancestor|
|foregone|| adj - previous, former|
|forensic|| adj - Relating to the use of science and technology in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law. |
(archaic) Relating to, or used in debate or argument.
|forthright||adj - straightforward; not evasive; characterized by candor and directness|
|fortuitous|| adj - Happening by chance; coincidental or accidental.|
Happening by a lucky chance; lucky or fortunate.
|fracas||noun - A noisy disorderly quarrel, fight, brawl, disturbance or scrap|
|fractious|| adj - given to troublemaking|
irritable; argumentative; quarrelsome
|fraught||adj - (figuratively, with with) Loaded-up, charged or accompanied.|
|frenetic||adj - Fast, frantic, harried, or frenzied; having extreme enthusiasm or energy.|
|freshet||noun - A flood resulting from heavy rain or a spring thaw.|
|frowsy (frowzy)||adj - Having a dingy, neglected, and scruffy appearance|
|fugacious||adj - Fleeting, fading quickly, transient|
|fulminate|| verb - To make a verbal attack.|
To issue a denunciation.
(now rare) To strike with lightning; to cause to explode.
|fulsome|| adj - Offensive to good taste, tactless, overzealous, excessive.|
Excessively flattering (connoting insincerity).
Fully developed, mature.
(tends to be negative instead of "abundant")
|furor|| noun - A general uproar or commotion|
Violent anger or frenzy
A state of intense excitement
|furtive|| adj - stealthy|
Exhibiting guilty or evasive secrecy.
|gadfly|| noun - One who upsets the status quo by posing upsetting or novel questions, or attempts to stimulate innovation by proving an irritant.|
(pejorative) One who merely irritates without making useful suggestions.
(slang) A bloodsucker
|gaff|| noun - A tool consisting of a large metal hook with a handle or pole, especially the one used to pull large fish aboard a boat.|
|gainsay||verb - To contradict; to deny, refute; to controvert; to dispute; to forbid.|
|galvanize||verb - To shock or stimulate into sudden activity|
|gambit|| noun - An opening in chess, in which a minor piece (often a pawn) is sacrificed to gain an advantage.|
Any ploy or stratagem.
A remark intended to open a conversation.
|gambol||verb - To move about playfully; to frolic|
|garish||adj - Overly ostentatious; so colourful as to be in bad taste.|
|garrulous|| adj - Excessively or tiresomely talkative.|
(of something written or performed) Excessively wordy and rambling.
|gauche||adj - Awkward or lacking in social graces; bumbling.|
|gazette||noun - A newspaper; a printed sheet published periodically; especially, the official journal published by the British government, and containing legal and state notices.|
|gelid||adj - Very cold; icy or frosty.|
|genteel|| adj - Polite and well-mannered.|
Stylish or elegant.
|genuflect|| verb - To bend the knee, as in servitude or worship|
To behave in a servile manner; to grovel.
|gesticulation|| noun - The act of gesticulating, or making gestures to aid expression of thoughts, sentiments or passion.|
A gesture; a motion of the body or limbs when speaking, or in representing action or passion, and enforcing arguments and sentiments.
|ghoul||noun - A graverobber; a person with an undue interest in death and corpses.|
|gibbet||noun - An upright post with a crosspiece used for execution and subsequent public display; a gallows.|
|gibe|| noun - An insulting or mocking remark; a taunt|
verb - Make insulting or mocking remarks; jeer
|gird|| verb - To bind with a flexible rope or cord.|
To encircle with, or as if with a belt.
|glib|| adj - Having a ready flow of words but lacking thought or understanding; superficial; shallow.|
Smooth or slippery.
Artfully persuasive in nature.
|glissade||noun - A way of sliding down a steep slope of snow or ice with the support of an ice ax.|
|gloaming||noun - twilight, as at early morning or (especially) early evening; dusk|
|glutinous|| adj - glue-like, sticky, viscid.|
Of the nature of gluten.
|gourmand|| noun - A person given to excess in the consumption of food and drink; a greedy or ravenous eater.|
A person who appreciates good food.
|granary||noun - A storage facility for grain or sometimes animal feed.|
|grandiloquent||adj - (of a person, their language or writing) overly wordy, pompous, flowery, or elaborate.|
|gratis||adj, adv - free, without charge|
|grotto||noun - A small cave|
|guile|| noun - Astuteness often marked by a certain sense of cunning or artful deception.|
deceptiveness, deceit, fraud, duplicity, dishonesty
|guileless||adj - Free from guile; honest but naïve.|
|gull||verb - Fool or deceive (someone).|
|hackneyed|| adj - Repeated too often.|
|halcyon||adj - Calm, undisturbed, peaceful, serene.|
|hale|| noun - Health, welfare.|
adj - (archaic) Sound, entire, healthy; robust, not impaired
|hapless||adj - Very unlucky; ill-fated.|
|harangue|| noun - An impassioned, disputatious public speech.|
A tirade or rant, whether spoken or written.
|harbinger||noun - A person or thing that foreshadows or foretells the coming of someone or something.|
|harpy|| noun - A rapacious monster described as having a woman's head and body and a bird's wings and claws or depicted as a bird of prey with a woman's face|
A grasping, unpleasant woman
|harry||verb - To bother; to trouble|
|hart||noun - A male deer, especially the male of the red deer after its fifth year.|
|hector|| verb - To intimidate or dominate in a blustering way.|
To behave like a bully; swagger.
|hegemony||noun - Domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by one political group over a society or by one nation over others.|
|hegira||noun - A journey taken to escape from danger; an exodus|
|heresy|| noun - A doctrine held by a member of a religion at variance with established religious beliefs, especially dissension from Roman Catholic dogma.|
A controversial or unorthodox opinion held by a member of a group, as in politics, philosophy or science.
|hermetic|| adj - Obscure; secret or unrevealed.|
Isolated, away from outside influence.
Airtight or gas-tight; impervious to air or gases.
|heterodox||adj - Of or pertaining to creeds, beliefs, or teachings, especially religious ones, that are different from the norm ('orthodox'), but not sufficiently different to be called heretical.|
|hircine||adj - Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of goats|
|hirsute||adj - Covered in hair or bristles; hairy.|
|hoary||adj - white or gray with age|
|homily|| noun - A sermon, especially concerning a practical matter.|
A moralizing lecture.
|hovel|| noun - A small, squalid, unpleasant, or simply constructed dwelling.|
An open shed or outbuilding, used for sheltering cattle or storing grain or tools.
|hubris||noun - Excessive pride, presumption or arrogance (originally toward the gods).|
|humbug|| verb - To play a trick on.|
To cheat, swindle.
|humus||noun - A large group of natural organic compounds, found in the soil, formed from the chemical and biological decomposition of plant and animal residues and from the synthetic activity of microorganisms|
|hymeneal||adj - Pertaining to marriage.|
|idyllic||adj - Extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque.|
|igneous||adj - Pertaining to, having the nature of fire; containing fire; resembling fire; as, an igneous appearance|
|ignoble|| adj - Not noble; plebeian; common.|
|ignominious||adj - Marked by shame or disgrace.|
|ilk||noun - A type of people or things similar to those already referred to: "reporters of his ilk".|
|imbroglio||noun - a complicated situation; an entanglement|
|imbue|| verb - To wet or stain an object completely with some physical quality.|
In general, to act in a way which results in an object becoming completely permeated or impregnated by some quality.
|immolate|| verb - to kill as a sacrifice|
to destroy, especially by fire
|impecunious||adj - Lacking money|
|impel|| verb - To urge a person; to press on; to incite to action or motion via intrinsic motivation. (contrast with propel, to compel or drive extrinsically)|
To drive forward; to propel an object.
|imperious|| adj - Domineering, arrogant, or overbearing.|
|impertinent||adj - insolent, ill-mannered|
|imperturbable|| adj - not easily perturbed, upset or excited|
calm and collected, even under pressure
|impetus|| noun - Something that impels, a stimulating factor.|
A force, either internal or external, that impels; an impulse.
|impinge|| verb - (rare) to make a physical impact (on); to collide, to crash (upon). |
(figuratively) To interfere with; to encroach (on, upon).
To have an effect upon; to limit.
|impious|| adj - not pious|
lacking reverence or respect, especially towards a god
|implacable|| adj - Not able to be placated or appeased.|
|importune|| verb - To bother, trouble, irritate.|
To harass with persistent requests.
|imprecation|| noun - The act of imprecating, or invoking evil upon someone; a prayer that a curse or calamity may befall someone.|
|impregnable||adj - (Of a fortress, wall, etc., also used figuratively) Too strong to be penetrated.|
|impropriety|| noun - The condition of being improper.|
An improper act.
|improvident|| adj - failing to provide for the future; reckless|
incautious; prone to rashness
|impugn||verb - To verbally assault, especially to argue against an opinion, motive, or action; to question the truth or validity of.|
|impute|| verb - To reckon as pertaining or attributable; to charge; to ascribe; to attribute; to set to the account of; to charge to one as the author, responsible originator, or possessor; -- generally in a bad sense.|
To attribute or credit to.
To attribute (responsibility or fault) to a cause or source.
|inane||adj - Lacking sense or meaning (often implying, "to the point of boredom or annoyance").|
|incarnadine||adj - Of the blood red colour of raw flesh.|
|incense||verb - To anger or infuriate.|
|inchoate|| adj - Recently started but not fully formed yet; just begun; only elementary or immature.|
Chaotic, disordered, confused; also, incoherent, rambling.
|incipient||adj - beginning, starting, coming into existence.|
|incisive|| adj - (of an action) Quick and direct.|
Intelligently analytical and concise.
Having the quality of incising, cutting, or penetrating, as with a sharp instrument; sharp; acute; sarcastic; biting.
|inconsequential||adj - Having no consequence, not consequential, of little importance.|
|incontrovertible||adj - Not capable of being denied, challenged, or disputed; closed to questioning.|
|incubus|| noun - A feeling of oppression during sleep, sleep paralysis; night terrors, a nightmare.|
Any oppressive thing or person; a burden
|inculcate|| verb - To teach by repeated instruction.|
To induce understanding or a particular sentiment in a person or persons.
|incumbent|| adj - Imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office.|
(geology) Resting on something else.
|incur||verb - To bring upon or expose oneself to, especially something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to become liable or subject to.|
|incursion||noun - An aggressive movement into somewhere; an invasion.|
|indefatigable||adj - Extremely persistent and untiring.|
|indelible|| adj - having the quality of being difficult to remove, wash away, blot out, or efface;|
incapable of being canceled, lost, or forgotten.
incapable of being annulled
|indemnify|| verb - To secure against loss or damage; to insure.|
(chiefly law) To compensate or reimburse someone for some expense or injury
|indigent||adj - Poor; destitute; in need.|
|indolent||adj - Habitually lazy, procrastinating, or resistant to physical labor/labour.|
|indomitable||adj - Incapable of being subdued, overcome, or vanquished.|
|ineffable|| adj - Beyond expression in words; unspeakable.|
Forbidden to be uttered; taboo.
|ineluctable||adj - Impossible to avoid or escape; inescapable, irresistible.|
|inexorable|| adj - Unable to be persuaded; relentless; unrelenting|
Impossible to stop or prevent; inevitable
|infidel|| noun - A non-believer of a certain religion.|
One who does not believe in a certain principle.
One with no religious beliefs.
|ingrate||noun - An ungrateful person|
|ingratiate|| verb - (reflexive) to bring oneself into favour with someone by flattering or trying to please them.|
The court jester isn't exactly ingratiating himself to the king, with his insults.
|inimical|| adj - Harmful in effect.|
|inimitable||adj - beyond imitation, surpassing all others, matchless|
|iniquity|| noun - Deviation from what is right; wickedness, gross injustice.|
A wrongful act.
Absence of moral or spiritual values, lawlessness.
Denial of the sovereignty of God.
|inscrutable||adj - Difficult or impossible to comprehend, fathom or interpret.|
|insipid|| adj - Unappetizingly flavorless.|
Flat; lacking character or definition.
Cloyingly sweet or sentimental.
|insolvent|| adj - Unable to pay one's bills as they fall due.|
Owing more than one has in assets.
|insouciant||adj - Carefree, nonchalant, indifferent; casually unconcerned.|
|insular|| adj - Of, pertaining to, being, or resembling an island or islands. |
Situated on an island.
Separate or isolated from the surroundings; having little interaction with external parties; provincial.
|insuperable|| adj - Impossible to achieve or overcome or be negotiated.|
Overwhelming or insurmountable.
|insurrection||noun - An organized opposition to an authority; a mutiny; a rebellion|
|intelligentsia||The intellectual elite of a society (especially in nineteenth-century Poland, in Russia and later the Soviet Union).|
|interdict|| verb - To forbid (an action or thing) by formal or legal sanction.|
To forbid (someone) from doing something.
|interlocutor||noun - A person who takes part in dialogue or conversation|
|interloper||noun - One who interferes, intrudes or gets involved where not welcome, particularly a self-interested intruder.|
|interregnum|| noun - The period of time between the end of a sovereign's reign and the accession of another sovereign.|
A period of time during which normal executive leadership is suspended or interrupted.
An intermission in any order of succession; any breach of continuity in action or influence.
|intractable||adj -Not tractable or to be drawn or guided by persuasion; not easily governed, managed, or directed; uncontrollable; incurable; violent; stubborn; obstinate.|
|intransigent||adj - Unwilling to compromise or moderate a position; unreasonable; irreconcilable; stubborn.|
|inundate|| verb - To cover with large amounts of water; to flood.|
|inured (to)|| verb - past participle, past tense of inure|
Accustom (someone) to something, esp. something unpleasant.
Come into operation; take effect: "a release given to one of two joint contractors inures to the benefit of both"
|invalidate||verb - To make invalid. Esp. applied to contract law.|
|invective||noun - An expression which inveighs or rails against a person.|
A severe or violent censure or reproach.
Something spoken or written, intended to cast opprobrium, censure, or reproach on another.
A harsh or reproachful accusation.
Strong verbal abuse
abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will
|inveigh||verb - To complain loudly, to give voice to one's censure or criticism against (formerly also with on, at, upon)|
|inveigle||verb - to convert, convince or win over with flattery or wiles to obtain through guile or cunning|
|inveterate|| adj - Old; firmly established by long continuance; of long standing; obstinately deep-rooted; as, an inveterate disease; an inveterate habit. |
(of a person) Having habits fixed by long continuance; confirmed; habitual; as, an inveterate idler or smoker.
Malignant; virulent; spiteful.
|invidious|| adj - offensively or unfairly discriminating|
The professor made invidious distinctions based only on his own whim.
(of an action or task) causing ill will towards the actor; causing offense.
(of a thing) causing envy or ill will towards the possessor
|irascible||adj - Easily provoked to outbursts of anger; irritable.|
|irremediable||adj - unable to be remedied, cured, corrected or repaired; irreparable, incurable|
|irrepressible||adj - Not containable or controllable|
|irresolute|| adj - Undecided or unsure how to act|
Indecisive or lacking in resolution
|itinerant||adj - Habitually travelling from place to place.|
|jetsam|| articles thrown overboard from a ship or boat in order to lighten the load of a ship in distress|
(by extension) discarded odds and ends
|jettison|| verb - To eject from a boat, submarine, aircraft, spaceship or hot-air balloon, so as to lighten the load.|
To let go or get rid of as being useless or defective; discard.
|jingoism||noun - Excessive patriotism or aggressive nationalism especially with regards to foreign policy.|
|jocose|| adj - given to jest; habitually jolly|
playful; characterized by joking
|jocular||adj - Humorous, amusing or joking.|
|jovial||adj - Merry; cheerful and good-humored.|
|judicious||adj - Having, or characterized by, good judgment or sound thinking|
|juncture|| noun - a place where things join, a junction|
a critical moment in time
|junket||noun - A pleasure-trip; a journey made for feasting or enjoyment, now especially a trip made ostensibly for business but which entails merrymaking or entertainment.|
|junta|| noun - A council; a convention; a tribunal; an assembly; especially, the grand council of state in Spain.|
The ruling council of a military dictatorship.
|jurisprudence||noun - The philosophy, science, and study of law and decisions based on the interpretation thereof|
|ken|| noun - Knowledge or perception.|
verb - To know, perceive or understand.
|kismet||noun - Fate; a predetermined or unavoidable destiny.|
|knave||noun - A tricky, deceitful fellow; a dishonest person; a rogue; a villain.|
|knell|| verb - to ring a bell slowly, especially for a funeral; to toll.|
to signal or proclaim something by ringing a bell.
noun - the sound of a bell knelling; a toll.
|knuckle|| (down) - verb - to apply oneself earnestly|
(under) - give in, submit
|lachrymose||adj - tearful, sorrowful, sad, pertaining to tears, weeping, causing tears or crying|
|laconic||adj - Using as few words as possible; pithy and concise.|
|laggard||noun - Someone who lags behind; someone who takes more time than is necessary.|
|laity|| noun - people of a church who are not ordained clergy or clerics.|
the common man or woman
the unlearned, untrained or ignorant as in "The Layman's Guide to Basket Weaving"
|lambent|| adj - Brushing or flickering gently over a surface. |
Glowing or luminous, but lacking heat.
The lambent glow of fireflies delighted the children.
Exhibiting lightness or brilliance of wit; clever or witty without unkindness.
|languid|| adj - Lacking enthusiasm, energy, or strength; drooping or flagging from weakness, fatigue, or lack of energy; indisposed to exertion; sluggish; relaxed: as, languid movements; languid breathing.|
Heavy; dull; dragging; wanting spirit or animation; listless; apathetic.
|languish|| verb - To lose strength and become weak; to be in a state of weakness or sickness.|
To pine away in longing for something; to have low spirits, especially from lovesickness.
To live in miserable or disheartening conditions.
To be neglected; to make little progress, be unsuccessful.
|lapidary||noun - A person who cuts, polishes, engraves, or deals in gems.|
|largess|| noun - Generosity in the giving of gifts or money.|
The gifts or money given in such a way.
A benevolent demeanor.
(generosity): benevolence, generosity, graciousness
(the gifts or money): boon
|lascivious||adj - Wanton; lewd, driven by lust, lustful|
|lassitude|| noun - Lethargy or lack of energy; fatigue.|
Listlessness or languor.
|legerdemain|| noun - Sleight of hand; "magic" trickery|
A show of skill or deceitful ability
|leonine||adj - Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the lion.|
|leviathan||adj - Very large; gargantuan|
|levity|| noun - Lightness of manner or speech, frivolity|
The state or quality of being light, buoyancy
A lighthearted or frivolous act
|libation|| noun - The act of pouring a liquid or liquor, usually wine, either on the ground or on a victim in sacrifice, in honor of some deity.|
The wine or liquid thus poured out.
A beverage, especially an alcoholic one (often used humorously).
|libertine|| noun - Someone freed from slavery in Ancient Rome; a freedman.|
One who is freethinking in religious matters.
Someone (especially a man) who takes no notice of moral laws, especially those involving sexual propriety; someone loose in morals; a pleasure-seeker.
|libretto|| noun - The text of a dramatic musical work, such as an opera.|
A book containing such a text.
|licentious|| adj - Lacking restraint, or ignoring societal standards, particularly in sexual conduct.|
Disregarding accepted rules.
|lilliputian|| adj - Very small, diminutive|
|limpid||adj - Clear, transparent or bright.|
|lineaments|| (plural of lineament) noun - Any distinctive shape or line etc.|
A distinctive feature that characterizes something, especially the parts of the face of an individual.
|lionize|| verb - To treat (a person) as if he were important, or a celebrity.|
To visit famous places in order to revere them.
To behave as a lion.
|lissome||adj - lithe; quick and graceful in movement|
|lithe|| adj - slim but not skinny|
Capable of being easily bent; pliant; flexible; limber
|loath||adj - unwilling, reluctant; averse, disinclined|
|lode|| noun - (mining) A vein of metallic ore that lies within definite boundaries, or within a fissure.|
(by extension) A rich source of supply.
|loll||verb - to act lazily or indolently; to recline; to lean; to throw one's self down; to lie at ease|
|lope||verb - To travel an easy pace with long strides.|
|loquacious||adj - Talkative or chatty, especially of persons given to excess conversation.|
|lot||noun - The part, or fate, that falls to one, as it were, by chance, or without his planning|
|lout|| noun - Troublemaker, often violent.|
A clownish, awkward fellow; a bumpkin.
a rude violent man, yob.
|lucent|| adj - Emitting light; shining, luminous.|
Translucent; clear, lucid.
|lugubrious||adj - gloomy, mournful or dismal, especially to an exaggerated degree.|
|lurid|| adj - Shocking, horrifying.|
Ghastly, pale, wan in appearance.
Being of a light yellow hue.
|machination|| noun - A clever scheme or artful plot, usually crafted for evil purposes.|
The act of machinating or plotting.
|maelstrom|| noun - A large and violent whirlpool. |
Any violent or turbulent situation.
|magnanimous||adj - Noble and generous in spirit.|
|maladroit||adj - inept; clumsy; awkward; not adroit (dexterous, deft or skillful)|
|malaise|| noun - A feeling of general bodily discomfort, fatigue or unpleasantness, often at the onset of illness.|
An ambiguous feeling of mental or moral depression.
Ill will or hurtful feelings for others or someone.
|malapropism||noun - The blundering use of an absurdly inappropriate word or expression in place of a similar sounding one.|
|malediction|| noun - A curse|
|malefactor|| noun - A criminal or felon.|
|malfeasance|| noun - wrongdoing|
(law) Misconduct or wrongdoing, especially by a public official that causes damage.
|malign|| adj - evil or malignant in disposition, nature, intent or influence.|
|mandarin|| noun - A high government bureaucrat of the Chinese Empire.|
A pedantic or elitist bureaucrat.
(often pejorative) A pedantic senior person of influence in academia or literary circles.
|manumit||verb - To release from slavery, to free.|
|martinet|| noun - (military) A strict disciplinarian|
(figuratively) Anyone who lays stress on a rigid adherence to the details of discipline, or to forms and fixed methods or rules.
|maudlin|| adj - Affectionate or sentimental in an effusive, tearful, or foolish manner, especially because of drunkenness|
Extravagantly or excessively sentimental; mawkish, self-pitying
|mawkish|| adj - Sickening or insipid in taste or smell.|
Excessively or falsely sentimental; showing a sickly excess of sentiment.
|megalomania|| noun - A psychopathological condition characterized by delusional fantasies of wealth, power, or omnipotence.|
An obsession with grandiose or extravagant things or actions.
|mellifluous|| adj - Flowing like honey.|
Sweet and smooth; generally used of a person's voice, tone or writing style
|ménage|| noun - housework, housekeeping|
|menagerie|| noun - A collection of live wild animals on exhibition; the enclosure where they are kept.|
A diverse or miscellaneous group.
|mendacious|| adj - (of a person) lying, untruthful or dishonest|
(of a statement etc) false or untrue
|mendicant|| adj - Depending on alms for a living.|
Of or pertaining to a beggar.
|mercenary||noun - A person employed to fight in an armed conflict who is not a member of the state or military group for which they are fighting and whose prime or sole motivation is private gain.|
|meretricious||adj - Tastelessly gaudy; superficially attractive but having no substance; falsely alluring.|
|mete||verb - (transitive, usually with "out") To dispense, measure (out), allot (especially punishment, reward etc.).|
|meteoric|| adj - Of, pertaining to, or originating from a meteor.|
Like a meteor in speed, brilliance, or ephemeralness.
|miasma|| noun - A noxious atmosphere or influence.|
A noxious atmosphere or emanation once thought to originate from swamps and waste to cause disease.
|microcosm|| noun - Human nature or the human body as representative of the wider universe; man considered as a miniature counterpart of divine or universal nature.|
A smaller system which is seen as representative of a larger one.
|mien||noun - A person's look or manner, indicating their character or mood|
|milieu||noun - A person's social setting or environment.|
|minutiae||noun - Trivial details of something.|
|mire|| noun - Deep mud; moist, spongy earth.|
An undesirable situation, a predicament.
|mirth|| noun - The emotion usually following humour and accompanied by laughter; merriment; jollity; gaiety. |
That which causes merriment.
|misanthrope||noun - One who hates all mankind; one who hates the human race.|
|misapprehension||noun - a failure to understand something; an illusion, misconception or misunderstanding|
|miscegenation|| noun - The mixing or blending of race in marriage or breeding, interracial marriage.|
(figuratively) A mixing or blending, especially one which is considered to be inappropriate.
|mischance|| noun - Bad luck, misfortune.|
A mishap, an unlucky circumstance.
|misgiving||noun - doubt, apprehension, a feeling of dread (usually in the plural)|
|misogamy||noun - Hatred of or opposition to marriage|
|missive||noun - A written message; a letter, note or memo.|
|modicum||noun - A small, modest or trifling amount.|
|modish|| adj - conforming with fashion or style|
in the current mode
|modulate|| verb - To regulate, adjust or adapt|
To change the pitch, intensity or tone of one's voice or of a musical instrument
|monastic||adj - Of or relating to monasteries or monks.|
|monograph||noun - A scholarly book or a treatise on a single subject or a group of related subjects, usually written by one person.|
|monolithic|| adj - Of or resembling a monolith.|
Having a massive, unchanging structure that does not permit individual variation.
|mordant||adj - biting; caustic; sarcastic; keen; severe.|
|moribund|| adj - Approaching death; about to die; dying; expiring.|
Almost obsolete, nearing an end.
|morose||adj - Sullen, gloomy; showing a brooding ill humor|
|motley|| adj - Comprising greatly varied elements, to the point of incongruity; heterogeneous|
Having many colours; variegated
|mottled||adj - Colored in patches; spotted|
|mountebank|| noun - One who sells dubious medicines|
One who sells by deception; a con artist; a charlatan.
|mulct|| noun - (law) A fine or penalty, especially a pecuniary one|
verb - To impose such a fine
To swindle (someone) out of money.
|multifarious||adj - Having multiplicity; having great diversity or variety; of various kinds; diversified; made up of many differing parts; manifold.|
|munificent||adj - Very liberal in giving or bestowing; lavish; as a munificent benefactor.|
|myrmidon|| noun - A soldier or a subordinate civil officer who executes orders of a superior without protest or pity; -- sometimes applied to bailiffs, constables, etc. |
An unquestioning follower
|nabob|| noun - An Indian ruler within the Mogul empire; a nawab.|
Someone of great wealth or importance.
A person with a grandiose style or manner.
|nadir||noun - (figurative) The lowest point; time of greatest depression.|
|nascent||adj - Emerging; just coming into existence.|
|natation||noun - swimming|
|necromancy|| noun - Divination involving the dead or death.|
Loosely, any sorcery or witchcraft, especially involving death or the dead, particularly sorcery involving raising or reanimating the dead.
|neologism||noun - A word or phrase which has recently been coined; a new word or phrase.|
|nettle||verb - (figuratively) To pique, irritate, vex or provoke someone.|
|nexus|| noun - a form of connection|
a connected group
the centre of something
|niggardly||adj - (now rare) Withholding for the sake of meanness; stingy, miserly.|
|niggle|| verb - To trifle with; to deceive; to mock.|
To dwell too much on minor points.
To fidget, fiddle, be restless.
|nihilism||noun - (ethics) The rejection of all moral principles.|
|noisome|| adj - Morally hurtful or noxious.|
Hurtful or noxious to health; unwholesome, insalubrious.
Offensive to the senses; disgusting, unpleasant, nauseous; foul, fetid, especially having an undesirable smell; sickening, nauseating.
|nominal|| adj - Of, resembling, relating to, or consisting of a name or names.|
Existing in name only.
|nonage|| noun - The state of being a minor.|
A time of immaturity.
|nonentity|| noun - an unimportant or insignificant person|
(uncountable): the state of not existing; nonexistence
|nonpareil||noun - A person or thing that has no equal; a paragon|
|nonplus||verb - to perplex or bewilder someone; to confound or flummox|
|nostrum|| noun - A medicine or remedy in conventional use which has not been proven to have any desirable medical effects.|
|nubile|| adj - of an age suitable for marriage; marriageable (used of a young woman).|
sexually attractive (used of a young woman).
|nugatory|| adj - Trivial, trifling or of little importance|
Ineffective, invalid or futile
|numismatist||noun - One who studies and/or collects coins and/or currencies.|
|obdurate||adj - Stubbornly persistent, generally in wrongdoing; refusing to reform or repent.|
|obeisance|| noun - Demonstration of an obedient attitude, especially by bowing deeply.|
An obedient attitude.
|obfuscate|| verb - To make dark; overshadow|
To deliberately make more confusing in order to conceal the truth.
|oblation|| noun - The offering of worship, thanks etc. to a deity.|
A deed or gift offered charitably.
|obloquy|| noun - Abusive language (syn: defamation, insult)|
Disgrace suffered from abusive language
|obsequious||adj - Excessively eager to please or to obey all instructions; fawning, subservient.|
|obsequy|| noun - The last office for the dead|
(chiefly in the plural) A funeral rite or service.
|obstreperous|| adj - Attended by, or making, a loud and tumultuous noise; boisterous.|
Noisily and stubbornly defiant.
|obviate|| verb - To bypass a requirement or make it unnecessary.|
|occidental||adj - Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western.|
|occlude||verb - To obstruct, cover, or otherwise block an opening.|
|odious||adj - Arousing or meriting strong dislike, aversion, or intense displeasure.|
|offal|| noun - The rejected or waste parts of a butchered animal.|
The internal organs of an animal other than a bird, these organs being used as food.
A dead body.
That which is thrown away as worthless or unfit for use; refuse; rubbish.
|officious||adj - Offensively intrusive or interfering|
|omnifarious|| adj - Of many or all forms, varieties, or kinds.|
|onerous|| adj - imposing or constituting a physical, mental, or figurative load which can be borne only with effort.|
difficult, taxing, wearing
|onus|| A legal obligation.|
|opprobrious||Adj - Of or relating to disgrace arising from exceedingly shameful conduct; ignominy, Scornful reproach or contempt|
|oration||noun - a formal ceremonial speech|
|orthography||noun - The study of correct spelling according to established usage.|
|ossify||verb - To transform (or cause to transform) from a softer animal substance into bone; particularly the processes of growth in humans and animals.|
|ovine||adj - Of, pertaining to, resembling, or being a sheep.|
|ovoid||adj - Shaped like an oval.|
|paean|| noun - Any loud and joyous song; a song of triumph.|
An enthusiastic expression of praise.