7/2012 - lm- Medical term - a short course

291 terms by lmarchetti

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aden/o-

gland

arthr/o-

joint

bi/o-

life

carcin/o-

cancer

cardi/o-

heart

cephal/o-

head

cerebr/o-

cerebrum

crin/o-

secrete

cyst/o-

urinary bladder

cyt/o

cell

derm/o-

skin

dermat/o-

skin

electr/o-

electricity

encephal/o-

brain

enter/o-

intestines

erythr/o-

red

gastr/o-

stomach

glyc/o-

sugar

gnos/o-

knowlege

gynec/o-

women's/women's diseases

hem/o-

blood

hemat/o-

blood

hepat/o-

liver

lapar/o-

abdomen

leuk/o-

white

nephr/o-

kidney

neur/o-

nerve

onc/o-

tumor

opthalm/o-

eye

oste/o-

bone

path/o-

disease

psych/o-

mind

rhin/o-

nose

sarc/o-

flesh

thromb/o-

clotting

-al

pertaining to

-algia

pain

-cyte

cell

-ectomy

remove/resect/cut into

-emia

blood condition

-globin

protein

-ia

condition

-ic

pertaining to

-ism

condition

-itis

inflammation

-ologist

specialist

-ology

study of

-oma

tumor/mass

-opsy

to view

-osis

abnormal condition

-scope

instrument for visually examining

-scopy

the process of visually examining

-sis

state of

-tomy

cutting into/opening

dia-

complete/through

dys-

bad/painfull

endo-

within

exo-

outside

hyper-

excessive/heightened

hypo-

lower/diminished

peri-

around

pro-

around

retro-

behind

sub-

below

trans-

across/through

cervical region of spine

7 bones/neck

thoracic region of spine

12 bones/chest

lumbar region of spine

5 bones/waist

sacral region of spine

5 fused bones/lower back

coccygeal region of spine

4 fused bones/tailbone

frontal (coronal) plane

vertical plane dividing body into "front" and "back"

sagittal (latteral) plane

vertical plane dividing body "left" and "right"

transverse (axial) plane

horizontal plane dividing body into "upper" and "lower" region

abdomin/o-

abdomen

anter/o-

front

bronch/o-

bronchi

cervic/o-

cervix/neck

chondr/o-

cartilage

coccyg/o-

coccyx

crani/o-

skull

epitheli/o-

skin

esophag/o-

esophagus

laryng/o-

larynx

later/o-

side

lumb/o-

lumbar/waist

lymph/o-

lymph

mediastin/o-

mediastinum

pelv/o-

pelvis

peritone/o-

peritoneum

pharyng/o-

pharynx/throat

pleur/o-

pleura

poster/o-

behind

sacr/o-

sacrum

spin/o-

backbone

thorac/o-

chest

trache/o-

trachea

vertabr/o-

vertabrae

-ac

pertaining to

-ar

pertaining to

-eal

pertaining to

amni/o-

amnion

angi/o-

vessel

arthr/o-

joint

ather/o-

plaque

axill/o-

arm pit

cholecyst/o-

gallbladder

cry/o-

cold

hyster/o-

uterus

inguin/o-

groin

isch/o-

to hold back

mamm/o-

breast

mast/o-

breast

men/o-

menses

mening/o-

meninges

my/o-

muscle

myel/o-

spinal cord or bone marrow

necr/o-

death

oophor/o-

ovary

oste/o-

bone

pelv/o-

hip region

peritone/o-

peritoneum

phleb/o-

vein

pneumon/o-

lung

pulmon/o-

lung

radi/o-

x-ray

ren/o-

kidney

salping/o-

fallopian tube

septic/o-

pertaining to infection

tonsill/o-

tonsil

ur/o-

urine

vascul/o-

blood vessel

carcinoma

cancerous tumor of the epithelial tissue

sarcoma

cancerous tissue of the connective tissue

myel/o-

bone marrow

ab-

away from

ad-

toward/near

ana

up/apart

ante-

before/forward

anti-

against

bi-

both/two

brady-

slow

con-

with/together

dys-

bad/painful/difficult/abnormal

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