← Exam 1 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Independent variable
- Control group
- What are psychology's four primary goals?
- a subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the independent variable and who may receive a placebo treatment
- b variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experimenter
- c wondered about the physical connection between the body and the brain
- d Description, Explanation, Prediction, Control
- e early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A 17th-century French philosopher and mathematician who agreed with Plato. He believed that the pineal gland (a small organ at the base of the brain) was the seat of the soul.
- Wilhelm Wundt; the process of examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities; Wundt might place an object, such as a rock, into a student's hand and have the student tell him everything that he was feeling as a result of having the rock in his hand - all the sensations stimulated by the rock.
- brought structuralism to America; expanded on Wundt's original ideas; Although Titchener agreed with Wundt that conciousness, the state of being aware of external events, could be broken down into its basic elements, Titchener also believed that objective introspection could be used on thoughts as well as on physical sensations.
- 1 - experience; 2 - emotion; 3 - thought
- a measure of the relationship between two variables
5 True/False Questions
Margaret Washburn → study of one individual in great detail
How old is psychology? → Psychology is about 125 years old.
Operational definition → a number derived from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and direction of a correlation
Structuralism → early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
Experiment group → a deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause-and-effect relationships