Medical Terminology Week 7

50 terms by KendallChichester 

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ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

adrenaline

epinephrine

alimentary

AKA gastrointestinal

anorexia

loss of appetite

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

bolus

chewed food ready for phagia

carb

carbohydrate

celiac artery

visceral branch of the abdominal aorta

cholecystolithiasis

gallstones

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystectomy

excision of the gallbladder

chyme

partially digested bolus and gastric juice

cirrhosis

chronic degeneration disease of the liver

colitus

inflammation of the colon

colon

large intestines

emesis

vomiting

endocrine

secretes substances into the blood stream

exocrine

secretes substances through ducts

exophthalmia

outward protusion of the eyeball

flatus

intestinal gas

flexure

normal bend or curve of a body part

FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

gastric ulcer

lesion of the stomach

GH

growth hormone

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

GI

gastrointestinal

goiter

enlarged thyroid gland

hCG

human chronic gonadotropin

hemorrhoid

varicose veins of the rectum and anal canal

hiatal hernia

portion of the stomach moves up into the diaphragmatic opening

hormone

substances chemical messengers

ICSH

interstitial cell stimulating hormone

LH

luteinizing hormone

masticate

to chew

MSH

melanocyte stimulating hormone

nasogastric tube

placed into the nostril and down the pharynx and esophagus to the stomach

occult blood test

stool test for hidden blood

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

PPBS

postprandial blood sugar

PTH

parathormone

PR or PRL

prolactin

prandial

pertaining to a meal

saliva

digestive secretion in the mouth mixed with food

sella turcica

saddle shaped depression of sphenoid houses pituitary

sigmoidoscopy

exam to view the rectum and sigmoid colon

T3

triiodothyronine

T4

thyroxin

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

villi

tiny projections of the small intestine that absorb nutrients

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