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The capital and primate city of Greece is

Athens

The Northern European country that has benefited the most from North Sea oil is

Denmark

Most foreign workers in Germany are of _________origin.

Turkish

A country's leading urban center that is disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national feelings, such as Paris is to France, is known as the country's

Primate City

The geographic principle under which particular peoples and particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods is known as

local functional specialization

When a state seeks to acquire the neighboring territory that is home to ethnically similar people and territory on the other side of its international border by appealing to a concentrated group, this action is termed

irredentism

The Mediterranean island contested by both Greece and Turkey is

Cyprus

The Industrial Revolution in Europe

initially was focused in England, where machinery was invented and the use of steam to power engines emerged

The downtown of an American city, which is usually characterized by a square-grid layout, is called the

Central business district

The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy is known as

devolution

From the end of World War II until 1990, Eastern Europe was dominated by the

Soviet Union

__________ forces are divisive to a nation.

1. situational 2. centripetal 3. Centrifugal 4. charismatic 5. dispartic

Which of the following is the strongest example of a European nation-state?

Poland

The area that surrounds and is served by a city is known as its

hinterland

The three principles of spatial interaction are

complementarity, intervening opportunity, irredentism

The Ruhr industrial complex is linked via the Rhine River to the port of

Rotterdam

_______ dominates Western Europe demographically and economically.

Germany

The conurbation centered by London lies within which of the following regions?

Southern England

Which of the following statements is true?

Both A and B are true
Paris initially benefited from an excellent site and situation.

The gradual reduction of regional contrasts resulting from increasing cultural, economic, political and other types of exchanges is known as

Globalization

Eastern Europe is a zone of politico-geographical splintering and fracturing known as a (an)

shatter belt

The Western European state that is not a member of the European Union is

Switzerland

Which of the following is not a state created by the breakup of former Yugoslavia?

Slovakia

The prevailing mid-latitude climatic type in the southeastern United States, western Europe, southern Brazil and northern Argentina, and eastern China is the

humid temperate

The Autonomous Community located in northeastern Spain just south of the Pyrenees Mountains that is centered on industrialized Barcelona is known as

Catalonia

Wegener's supercontinent is known as

Pangaea

All regions possess all of the following except

homogeneity

Europe's relative location

is one of centrality within the land hemisphere

German reunification

occurred in 1990

Which of the following groups have formed a rapidly growing minority presence in many European countries?

Muslims

The largest ethnic minority in Ukraine are the

Russians

Italy's economic core, no longer focused on Rome, is located today in

the Po River Valley

Northern and Southern Italy are divided by the

Ancona Line

Which of the following cities is located in Italy's and Europe's core area?

Milan

The major river in western Germany, which enters the North Sea through the Netherlands and which passes through the Ruhr is the

Rhine

Significant oil and natural gas supplies have been found beneath the:

North Sea

Water covers about _____ percent of the Earth's surface.

70

The country located directly across the Strait of Gibraltar from southernmost Spain is:

Morocco

Spain and the United Kingdom are in dispute over which piece of territory:

Gibraltar

The World Bank ranks countries within four groups. Which of the following is not one of those groups?

Middle-income countries

Which of the following is a systematic subfield of geography?

Urban geography

The country located on the Jutland Peninsula and the smallest state (in area) in Norden is:

Denmark

In regional geography, relative location:

is more meaningful and practical than absolute location

Which water body is surrounded by a geologically-active Ring of Fire:

Pacific Ocean

Which of the following statements is false?

France has better harbors than Germany

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