Chapter 14 Language of Medicine

30 terms by wmdewayne 

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Immunoglobulins

antibodies IgA, LgC secreted by plasma cells

Toxins

poisons, protein produced by bacteria

Helper T Cells

promote the responses of B cells and T cells to neutralize antigens

Cytotoxic Cells

T lymphocytes that directly kills foreign cells

Interferons

proteins secreted by T cells to aid and regulate the immune response

Plasma cells

lymphocyte produce and secrete antibodies

Suppressor T cells

lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T lymphocytes

Thymectomy

excision of thymus

Lymphedema

chronic swelling of a part accumulation of interstitial fluid

Anaphylaxis

exaggertaed hypersensitivity to foreign protein or other substance

Lymphoid organs

lymph nodes , spleen, and thymus gland

Hypersplenism

enlarged spleen blood cell destruction

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Allergen

substance causing hypersensitivity reaction in the body

Hodgkin Disease

malignant tumor of lymhoid tissue in spleen and lymph nodes

Opportunistic infections

associated iwth AIDS HIV lowers bodies resistence and allows infection

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test to detect anti-HIV antibodies

Immunoeletrophoresis

test that seperates immunoglobulins

T helper lymphocytes

recognize epitopes bound to MHC-II molecules by way of the T-cell receptors (TCR) and CD4 molecules on their surface.

Zidovudine

snythetic necleoside used intreating HIV infections and AIDS

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

one-celled organism causes lung infection

Toxoplasmosis

chronic disease of animals and humans caused by toxoplasma gondi

Herpes Simplex

viral infection causes blisters on skin, can cause encephalitis

Kaposi Sarcoma

malignant lesion associated with AIDS

HIV

virus that causes AIDS

Lymphoma

cancer of lymphatic system

IgA

immunoglobulin produced in mucosal linings

IgE

main function is immunity to parasites found only in animals

IgG

the most abundant antibody isotype found in the circulation

Humoral Immunity

aspect of special immunity mediated by B lymphocytes

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