A natural and gradual addition of land through deposits left from rivers or streams. An owner that borders a body of water could be entitled to any new land that's created.
Extra material (sand, mud) that increases a land mass as a result of water that recedes leaving the material behind.
An easement that allows an adjoining neighbor to use their neighbors land. This type of easement is normally transferred automatically to any new owners. (runs with the land)
The procedure by which a government entity takes control/ownership of a "blighted" or underutilized piece of real estate through the powers of eminent domain.
Upon her death, the legal right of a husband to part of his wife's estate. Some states do not recognize "curtesy" rights
Doctrine of Prior Appropriation
Current water usage from a body of water is strictly controlled (appropriated) by the state, but may be heavily weighted towards prior usage.
In an appurtenant easement, the legal name for the parcel that "benefits" with the use of an easement. The use "dominates" the "servient tenement."
Upon his death, a legal right of a wife to part of her husbands estate. Some states do not recognize "dower" rights.
Easement by Necessity
Court ordered right of entry and exit because the property is currently "landlocked."
Easement by Prescription
Right to keep using someone's land by using the land without permission for a period of time prescribed by state law so that a court "prescribes" the ongoing use legal
Easement in Gross
Right of a person or entity to use another persons land when they are not the adjoining neighbor. Utility easements are common examples of "easements in gross."
The right of a governmental entity to take property from its current owner (paying just compensation) so long as the property is needed for "public use." What constitutes public use has been expanded over the past few years to include almost any use that would raise the tax base.
An intrusion on or over another property. An example would be a detached garage that was partially built on a neighbors property. The garage "encroaches" on the neighbor's property.
Any claim, lien, liability or easement against a property that would limit a persons bundle of rights.
Process by which the state regains title to a property is a person dies without a will and if no heirs can be located.
Fee Simple Defeasible
An interest in land/estate that has limitations. Examples include: So long as it's used as a church, No alcoholic beverages can be sold on the property, etc.
In certain states, an estate/home that is protected from certain types of creditors when one co-owner dies.
Legal Life Estate
A type of life estate created by law. Examples include dower, curtesy, and homestead.
Rights governing water/beach usage of owners whose properties border (navigable) non-flowing bodies of water like lakes or oceans.
Acronym for governmental regulations on property. Police Power, Eminent Domain, Taxation, and Escheat.
In a cooperative, the written document that gives a stockholder the right to occupy a particular apartment.
Pur Autre Vie
"For the life of another." A life estate for a life tenant based on another persons lifetime.
Water gradually receding from a body of water with the result being an increase in the land mass.
Man, women, or child who's given an interest in property upon the death of the life tenant.
Rights governing water usage of owners whose properties border flowing (non navigable) bodies of waters such as streams or small rivers.
In an appurtenant easement, the legal name for the property over which the easement runs.