Chapter 9: Fluids and Electrolytes

24 terms by mmlandman

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Calcium

mineral element needed ofr process of bone formation, coagulation of blood, excitation of cardiac and skeletal muscle, maintenance of muscle tone, conduction of neuromuscular impulses, and synthesis and regulation of endocrine and exocrine glands

8.6-10

Normal calcium range

fluid volume deficit

dehydration in which fluid intake is not sufficient to meet fluid needs

fluid volume excess

fluid intake or fluid retention that exceeds fluid needs

10

Hypercalcemia levels are over...

8.6

Hypocalcemia levels are under...

5.1

Hyperkalemia levels are over...

3.5

Hypokalemia levels are under...

2.6

Hypermagnesemia levels are over...

1.6

Hypomagnesemia levels are under...

145

Hypernatremia levels are over...

135

Hyponatremia levels are under...

4.5

Hyperphospatemia levels are over...

2.7

Hypophosphatemia levels are under...

Magnesium

concentrated in bone, cartilage, and within the cell itself, required for use of adenosine triphosphate as source of energy; necessary for action of numerous enzyme systems such as carb metabolism, protein synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, and contraction of muscular tissue; regulates neuromuscular activity and clotting mechanism

1.6-2.6

Normal Calcium range

Potassium

principal electrolyte of intracellular fluid and primary buffer within cell; needed for nerve conduction, muscle function, acid-base balance, and osmotic pressure; controls rate and force of contraction of heart and thus cardiac output

3.5-5.1

Normal Potassium range

Phosphorus

needed for generation of bony tissue; functions in metabolism of glucose and lipids, maintenance of acid-base balance, and in storage and transfer of energy from one site to another

2.7-4.5

Normal Phosphorus range

calcium

Phosphorus has an inverse relationship with which other mineral?

phosphorus

Calcium has an inverse relationship with which other mineral?

Sodium

abundant electrolyte that maintains osmotic pressure and acid-base balance and transmits nerve impulses

135-145

Normal Sodium range

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