Anterior/Posterior Surface Anatomy, Directional Terms, Body Planes/Sections, Body Cavities and Subdivisions

84 terms by njcjohnson 

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Exercise 1

Abdominal

Anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

Acromial

The point of the shoulder

Antebrachial

Forearm

Antecubital

Inner elbow

Axillary

Armpit

Brachial

Arm

Buccal

Cheek

Carpal

Wrist

Cephalic

Head

Cervical

Neck

Crural

Leg

Digital

Fingers or toes

Femoral

Thigh

Peroneal

Side of Leg

Frontal

Forehead

Hallux

Big toe

Inguinal

Groin

Mammary

Breast

Manus

Hand

Mental

Chin

Nasal

Nose

Oral

Mouth

Orbital

Eye socket

Palmar

Palm of hand

Patellar

Kneecap

Pedal

Foot

Pelvic

Pelvis

Pollex

Thumb

Pubic

Genitals

Sternal

Breastbone

Tarsal

Ankle

Thoracic

Chest

Umbilical

Naval

Calcaneal

Heel

Dorsum

Back

Gluteal

Butt

Lumbar

Between the ribs and hips

Occipital

Lower back of head

Olecranal

Posterior part of elbow

Perineal

Between the anus and genitals

Plantar

Sole of the foot

Popliteal

Back of knee

Sacral

Between the hips/coccyx

Scapular

Shoulder blade

Sural

Calf

Vertebral

Spinal Column

Superior

Toward the head

Inferior

Toward the feet

Anterior

Toward the frontside of the body

Posterior

Toward the backside of the body

Medial

Toward the midline

Lateral

Away from the midline

Superior

Toward the head

Inferior

Toward the feet

Dorsal

Backside

Ventral

Bellyside

Proximal

Nearer the trunk

Distal

Farther from the trunk

Frontal

Longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior sections

Sagittal

Longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and left parts

Transverse

Horizontal plane dividing the body into superior and inferior parts, also call cross sections

Midsagittal

A sagittal plane that lies exactly in the midline

Dorsal

Includes the cranial and vertebral cavities

Cranial

Cavity containing the brain

Vertebral

Cavity containing the spinal cord

Ventral

Includes the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

Serous Membrane

Thin, double layered membrane within body cavities

Parietal Serosa

Lines the cavity walls

Visceral Serosa

Covers the external surface of organs in a cavity

Diaphragm

Separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity

Thoracic

Body cavity surrounded by ribs and muscles of the chest

Pleural

Within the thoracic cavity, contains the lungs

Mediastinum

Within the thoracic cavity, contains the pericardial cavity

Pericardial

Cavity containing the heart, and remaining thoracic organs including the esophagus and trachea

Umbilical

Center region surrounding the naval

Epigastric

Located superior to the umbilical region

Hypogastric

Located inferior to the umbilical region

Iliac

Located lateral to the hypogastric region

Lumbar

Regions that lie lateral to the umbilical region

Hypochondriac

Regions that lie lateral to the epigastric region

Coronal

Frontal Plane

Parasagittal

Median plane thats off center

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