ALTO Vocabulary Unit 5 & 6 (Level F)

40 terms by jenniecoco 

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amnesty

n. a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution

autonomy

n. self-government, policial control

axiomatic

adj. self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule

blazon

v. to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely

caveat

n. a warning or caution or prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

equitable

adj. fair, just, embodying principles of justice

extricate

v. to free from entanglements or difficultires; to remove with effort

filch

v. to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

flout

v. to mock, treat with contempt

fractious

adj. tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable

precept

n. a rule of conduct or action

salutary

adj. beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome

scathing

adj. bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm

scourge

v. to whip, punish serverely; n. a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism

sepulchral

adj. funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal

soporific

adj. tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; n. something that induces sleep

straitlaced

adj. extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical

transient

adj. lasting only a short time, fleeting; n. one who stays only a short time

unwieldy

adj. not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity

vapid

adj. dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

anomalous

adj. abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual

aspersion

n. a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

bizarre

adj. extremely strange, unusual, atypical

brusque

adj. abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

cajole

v. to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice, to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

castigate

v. to punish severely; to criticize severely

contrive

v. to plan with ingenuity invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan

demagogue

n. a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

disabuse

v. to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

ennui

n. weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom

fetter

n. a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural anything that confines or restrains); v. to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

heinous

adj. very wicked, offensive, hateful

immutable

adj. not subject to change, constant

insurgent

n. one who rebels or rises against authority; adj. rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority surging or rushing in or on

megalomania

n. a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth talent, etc., far in excess of reality

sinecure

n. a position requiring little or no work; an easy job

surreptitious

adj. stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud

transgress

v. to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law

transmute

v. to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

vicarious

adj. performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another

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