with, and; used with pronouns or nouns
Wǒ gēn wǒ mèimei qù chīfàn.
My sister and I are going to eat dinner.
Wǒ gēn wǒ mèimei yìqǐ qù chīfàn.
My sister and I are going to eat dinner [together].
yòu.... yòu.... (grammar)
both one thing and another; used with verbs, verb phrases or adjectives
Tā yòu gāo yòu shòu.
He is both tall and thin.
Tā yòu piàoliang yòu cōngmíng.
She is both beautiful and intelligent.
Tā yòu bù dǒng Yīngwén yòu bù dǒng Zhōngwén.
He neither understands English nor Chinese.
yìbiān.... yìbiān.... (grammar)
to do something while doing something else; used with verbs or verb phrases
Tā yìbiān chīfàn yìbiān kàn diànshì.
He eats dinner and watches tv [at the same time].
Wǒ zài Táiwān yìbiān jiāo Yīngwén yìbiān xué Zhōngwén.
While in Taiwan, I studied Chinese and taught English [at the same time].
Nǐ lèi bú lèi?
Are you tired?
Wǒ hěn lèi.
I am tired.
embarrassed, "excuse me"
méiyǒu bù hǎoyìsi
Nǐ zěnme le?
Are you alright?
Nǐ juéde zěnmeyàng?
Asking opinion - "How/what do you think about this/that?"
to think, to want
to want to do
to want to see, to want to read
to want to eat
to want to go to
"suggestion" particle; used for suggestion or confirmation
literal = "Eat"!; subtle = "Have some more to eat."
literal = "Speak!"; subtle = "Go ahead and say it!"
Wǒmen yìqǐ qù chīfàn ba.
Let's go get something to eat. ("ba" can mean "let's" when used in a sentence)
or; used for questions involving choice
Nǐ yào chī Zhōngguófàn háishì Měiguófàn?
Do you want to eat Chinese food or American food?
or; used for narrative sentences or in negative question sentences
Zhōngguófàn huòshi Měiguófàn dōu hěn hǎo.
Chinese food or American food are both fine.
Wǒ xǐhuan xué Zhōngwén, yīnwéi Zhōngwén hěn yǒu yìsi.
I like to study Chinese because Chinese is interesting.
Wǒ bú huì kàn Zhōngwén, suǒyǐ wǒ bú kàn Zhōngwén shū.
I don't know how to read Chinese, therefore I don't read chinese books.
Yīnwéi tā shì Měiguórén, suǒyǐ tā huì shuō Yīngwén.
Because he is American, he [therefore] knows how to speak English.