Apologia Biology Module 3

77 terms by ilovebiology

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The two subkingdoms

Protozoa and Algae

Locomotion of Sarcodina

Pseudopods

Locomotion of Mastigophora

Flagellum

Locomotion of Sporozoa

None

Locomotion of Ciliophora

Cilia

What is Amoeba an example of?

Sarcodina

What is Euglena an example of?

Mastigophora

What is Plasmodium an example of?

Sporozoa

What is Paramecium an example of?

Ciliophora

What is the habitat for P. Chlorophyta?

Fresh water

What is the habitat for P. Chrysophyta?

Marine and fresh water

What is the habitat for P. Pyrrophyta?

Marine

What is the habitat for P. Phaeophyta?

Cold marine waters

What is the habitat for P. Rhodophyta?

Warm marine waters

What is the organization of P. Chlorophyta?

Single cells

What is the organization of P. Chrysophyta?

Single cells, some colonies

What is the organization of P. Pyrrophyta?

Single cells

What is the organization of P. Phaeophyta?

Multiple cells

What is the organization of P. Rhodophyta?

Multiple cells

What is the cell wall of P. Chlorophyta?

Cellulose

What is the cell wall of P. Chrysophyta?

Silicon dioxide

What is the cell wall of P. Pyrrophyta?

Cellulose or atypical

What is the cell wall of P. Phaeophyta?

Cellulose and alginic acid

What is the cell wall of P. Rhodophyta?

Cellulose

What is Cosmarium an example of?

Chlorsophyta

What are Diatoms examples of?

Chrysophyta

What is Peridinium an example of?

Pyrrophyta

What is Marcrocystis an example of?

Phaeophyta

What is Corallina an example of?

Rhodophyta

What phylums are in subkingdom Protozoa?

Sarcodina, Mastigophora, Sporozoa, Ciliophora

What phylums are in subkingdom Algae?

Chlorophyta, Chrysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta

Pseudopod

a temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used for locomotion

Nucleus

The region of a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell's main DNA

Vacuole

a membrane-bounded "sac" within a cell

What holds and stores food while the food is being digested?

Food vacuole

What regulates the amount of water in a cell?

Contractile vacuole

Ectoplasm

The thin, watery cytoplasm near the plasma membrane of some cells

Endoplasm

The dense cytoplasm found in the interior of many cells

Flagellate

A protozoan that propels itself with a flegellum

What phylum is called flagellates?

P. Mastigophora

Pellicle

A firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane

Chloroplast

An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis

Chlorophyll

A pigment necessary for photosynthesis

Eyespot

A light-sensitive region in certain protozoa

Symbiosis

A close relationship between two or more species where at least one bebfits

Mutualism

A relationship between two or more organisms of different species where all benefit

Commensalism

A relationship between two organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited

Parasitism

A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed

What are the three types of symbiosis?

Mutualism, Commensalism, Parasitism

What phylum is called ciliates?

P. Ciliophora

Cilia

Hairlike projections that extend from the plasma membrane and are used for locomotion

What is special about the nucleus of P. Ciliophora

It has two nucleuses: macronucleus and micronucleus

What does the macronucleus control?

metabolism

What does the micronucleus control?

reproduction

Spore

A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating

What organism causes malaria?

Plasmodium

alternation of generations

a life cycle where different generations alternate between spore formation and other modes of reproduction

Plankton

Tiny organisms that float in the water

Zooplankton

Tiny floating organisms that are either small animals or protozoa

Phytoplankton

Tiny floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae

Thallus

The body of a plant-like organism that is not divided into leaves, roots, or stems

algal bloom

is when algae reproduce so rapidly that they turn the water the same color that they are

Cellulose

A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls of many organisms

What are three examples of green algae

Chlorella, Desmid, Spirogyra

diatomaceous earth

clump of dead diatoms

How is diatomaceous earth useful for us?

means of filtering liquids, abrasive in toothpastes, killing insects,

holdfast

A special structure used by an organism to anchor itself

Sessile colony

A colony that uses holdfasts to anchor itself to an object

What phylum is called dinoflagellates?

P. Pyrrophyta

red tides

Gymnodinium brevis algae blooms

What phylum is called brown algae?

P. Phaeophyta

What is used as a thickening agent?

alginic acid

What phylum is kelp in?

P. Phaeophyta

What phylum is called red algae?

P. Rhodophyta

What are two genera from P. Phaeophyta?

Macrocystis, Funcus

What are two genera from P. Rhodophyta?

Corallina, Hildenbrandia

What are the two kingdoms that contain the simplest life forms?

Monera and Protista

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set