APHG Chpt.7 Ethnicity

26 terms by Historygrl14 

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Miss M's Cpt. 7 terms - combo of Rubenstien, deBlij, and various study prep books

Apartheid

Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.

Balkanization

Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities

Balkanized

A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.

Blockbusting

A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.

Centripetal Force

An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state

Centrifugal Force

a force that divides people and countries

Ethnic Cleansing

Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region

Ethnicity

Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.

Multi-ethnic State

State that contains more than one ethnicity

Multinational State

State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.

Nationalism

Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.

Nationality

Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.

Nation-State

A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality

Race

Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.

Racism

Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.

Racist

A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.

Self-determination

Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves

Sharecropper

A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.

Triangular Slave Trade

A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.

Residential Segregation

Defined by Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton as "the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment."

Barrioization

Defined by geographer James Curtis as the dramatic increase in Hispanic population in a given neighborhood; referring to barrio, the Spanish word for neighborhood

Ethnonationalism

the identification and loyalty a person may feel for his or her nation

Irredentism

The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.

exclave

A part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.

enclave

an enclosed district, region, or area inhabited by a particular group of people or having a special character. (another way of saying this might be: an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it)

Province

territory governed as a unit within a country or empire

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