American Nation Chapter 24, Section 3 and 4

15 terms by patricelorca

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Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

ended Russia's participation in World War I. Required Russia to give up large amounts of resource rich land to Germany

Harlem Hell Fighters

the 369th Infantry unit made of African Americans. Among the first American units attached to the French Army. Awarde the Croix de Guerre, France's highest military honor

Battle of Belleau Wood

. Lasted 3 weeks. Americans suffered great casualties but won the battle.

Battle of the Argonne Forest

The final Allied offensive where the Americans broke through the German defense. Marked the ending of the Great War.

armistice

an agreement to stop fighting. President Wilson set two conditions ofr the fighting to end 1) Germany must accept his plan for peace 2) the German emperor must abidcate t

abdicate

give up power

epidemic

the rapid spread of contagious disease among large numbers of people. Between 1918 and 1919 more than half a million Americans died of the flu, in total, killed more than 30 million world-wide

Fourteen Points

President Wilson's outline for his peace plan that was meant to prevent interantional problems from causing another war

self-determination

idea supported in Wilson's 14 points that is the right of national groups to have their own territory and forms of government

League of Nations

Wilson's 14th point. A general association of nations who's job would be to protect the independence of all countries large or small

Big Four

Woodrow Wilson, United States, David Lloyd George-Britain, Georges Clemenceau-France, Vittorio Orlando-Italy- Responsible for deciding key issues at the Paris Peace Conference

reparations

cash payments

Treaty of Versailles

most important treaty of the Peace of Paris- terms were
Germany had to pay the Allies reparations of over $300 billion. Limited the size of German military. Take full blame for the war. Returned Alsace-Lorraine to France. Took away overseas colonies

isolationist

rpeople who wanted the US to stay out of world affairs and opposed the Leauge of Nations

Henry Cabot Lodge

Leader of the critics of the Treaty of Versaille who specifically opposed Article 10 which called for the Leauge to protect any member whose independence or territory was threatened. Lodge thought this could invlove the US in future European wars.

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