The highest ranking diplomat appointed to represent the United States in a foreign country.
Follow the crowd; be with the majority. For example, "A is voting for X, so are B, C, and D. Why not you, too?"
Having an estate or business reorganized for the benefit of creditors by court order.
The person legally designated to receive proceeds or benefits from a government program or a will.
A proposed law.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments of the US Constitution, containing guarantees of personal freedoms.
Involving cooperation, agreement, and compromise between two major political parties.
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (expenditures).
A body of non-elective government officials. An administrative group. A way of organizing people to perform work.
The master plan candidates lay out to guide their electoral strategy.
An economic system in which people and corporations, not the government, own the means of production (i.e.
land and factories) and use them to seek profits.
A person running for election to a political office that he/she does not currently hold. The opposite of the
Relating to the state or its citizens.
One not on active duty in the armed services or on a police or firefighting force.
A distinct article in a formal document i.e. the Equal Protection part of the Fourteenth Amendment.
A temporary alliance of distinct parties, persons, or states for joint action.
The exchange or buying and selling of goods and services involving transportation from place to place.
A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of
production (i.e. land and factories).
The power of the Senate to approve the president's appointments of people to fill offices such as judge,
ambassador and cabinet secretary.
An elected member of the United States House of Representatives.
A political view point which supports more military spending, a smaller scope of government, traditional family values and seeks to keep taxes low.
The residents in an electoral district who are entitled to elect a representative to a legislative or executive position.
The exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute a literary, musical, or artistic work.
A company formed and authorized by law to sell portions of its ownership in the form of stocks, which
spreads the risks and rew ards of business operations among a larger group of people who cannot be held individually liable for the actions of the corporation.
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds
to the public's preferences.
A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a tyrant or a small clique.
A geographical region entitled to elect a member of the U S House of Representatives to represent their interests in Congress. There are a total of 435 of these in the U S. Each one contains approximately 650,000 people.
Relating to the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Operating with little waste or at a savings.
A body of people entitled to vote.
A legal prohibition on commerce, i.e. one on trade.
Any of various tax levied on privileges or on the use of something, often assessed in the form of a license
or fee i.e. national park entrance fees and tolls on bridges.
The portion of the government that carries out laws passed by Congress, consisting of the president, his cabinet and the bureaucratic agencies responsible to him.
Self-interested group who might work against the common good.
Congress, the President and the Supreme Court, which together make up the highest level of governmental
authority in the United States.
Relating to the federal budget, through taxing, spending, borrowing.
Assistance from one country to another, which can be given in the form of grants, loans, military
assistance, or even Peace Corps volunteers
The contest between one Democrat and one Republican to determine who will hold the office they
are campaigning for.
Government funds given for a particular purpose, which do not need to be repaid.
The people at the source of a political movement; the basic level of an organization.
Gross Domestic Product
The value of all the goods and services produced in a nation in a year.
Of or relating to the office of governor.
Military operations with the goal of relieving human suffering, often these operations do not have a political objective.
A set of beliefs about politics, public policy and public purpose. The most common forms are liberal and conservative.
Ceremonial induction into office, which includes an elected official taking the oath of office.
Shares of individual wages and corporate revenues paid to the government.
One that holds an elected position.
To be formally charged with a crime. The stage before a trial is held.
Information concerning an enemy or possible enemy; also an agency engaged in obtaining such information.
Commercial activity involving one of more states, crossing state boundaries.
Commercial activity occurring within the boundaries on one state, no crossing of state boundaries.
The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose job it is to interpret laws passed by Congress and carried out by the executive branch.
Legal authority over an area or a person.
An organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members' interests in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions.
A person at the end of his/her term of elected office. People stop taking these seriously because they know he/she can't run for office again.
A rule or order passed through both houses of Congress that it is obligatory to observe.
The laws made by a legislative body.
Congress, the branch responsible for making the laws, which are then carried out by the executive branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
The time period a legislative body is scheduled to meet. This can be Congress or the individual
state legislatures, which have varying schedules.
An elected representative whose job it is to vote on proposed legislation. These can be members of
Congress or members of the individual state legislatures.
A body of persons having the power to legislate; an organized body having the authority to make laws for a
political unit. This term can refer to Congress or the individual state legislatures.
A political view point which opposes more military spending, favors taxing the rich more, supports more
generous government programs, and advocates for less government involvement in personal lives.
Use of the courts to resolve a conflict.
A case arising from an incident where a patient or patient's family perceives a dereliction of professional duty or a failure to exercise an ordinary degree of professional skill or learning on the part of a physician, which results in injury, loss, or damage.
An authorization to act given to a representative, i.e. one from the people.
Of or relating to navigation or commerce on the sea.
A wage fixed by legal authority as the least that may be paid to employed persons.
Exclusive possession or control of a commodity through legal privilege or command of supply.
Of or relating to city government.
A militia force recruited by each state of the United States, equipped by the federal government, jointly maintained and subject to the call of either.
To confer the rights of a nation on someone; to grant citizenship.
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a political party.
Free from party affiliation, bias, or designation.
The trend of contracting lower paid and less skilled jobs to be performed outside the United States at a
reduced cost to the producing company.
A firm adherent to a party; especially one exhibiting blind, prejudiced, and unreasoning allegiance.
A political party's beliefs and policy goals.
Parties becoming more extreme and refusing to work together; opposite of bipartisanship.
The exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute an invention.
A formal written request made to an official person or organized body (as a court). In some states these
are voter-generated ideas that are placed on the ballot.
A number of votes cast for a candidate in a contest of more than two candidates that is greater than the number cast for any other candidate but not a majority.
State governments' power over issues relating to health, safety, welfare and morals.
Refusing to act on a bill, and thereby killing it.
Ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause.
Any version of Christianity outside of Catholicism.
Someone who offers his or her opinion on a particular subject area (most typically political analysis, the social sciences or sport) on which they are knowledgeable.
To approve and sanction form ally; to confirm , i.e. to treaties.
An elected official standing or acting for his/ her constituents.
A form of government in which leaders acquire the power to govern by means of a competitive struggle for people's votes A.K.A.
Sources of money for the government.
To be legally and politically independent.
The existing state of affairs.
Stem Cell Research
Scientific inquiry into the use of human stem cell (cells which are unassigned and can become any type of cell) to heal various diseases. A point of controversy between Democrats, who support all types of stem cell research and Republican who do not support embryonic stem cell research.
A writ commanding a person designated in it to appear in court under a penalty for failure.
A grant by a government to a private person or company to assist an enterprise deemed advantageous to the public; often times given to farmers to support the continued production of a necessary crop.
The right to vote.
A tax loophole which benefits people or business in a specific category.
The percentage of income that must be paid to the government. Sometimes referred to as tax brackets. The federal income tax is a progressive tax (those with more income pay higher rates of tax on their income).
A part of the United States not included within any state and therefore under federal jurisdiction.
A contract in writing between the U S and one or more governments, signed by the president and ratified by a
2/3 vote in the Senate.
A written order issued by a judge to make an arrest, a seizure, or a search.