Psychology 101 Chapter 1

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1. Many colleges use students' S.A.T. scores to determine who they will accept into their programs. Which goal of psychological science are they utilizing? A. describe B. explain C. predict D. control

C. predict

2. Behavior is ________ while mental processes are ________. A. private; personal B. personal; observable C. personal; private D. observable; private

D. observable; private

According to the discipline of psychology, which of the following is NOT a behavior? A. smiling at a newborn baby B. watching a flock of geese fly overhead C. sleeping through a lecture D. being overweight

D. being overweight

According to the discipline of psychology, which of the following is NOT a behavior? A. asking for help on a test B. helping a stranger in need C. having nervous thoughts before a job interview D. blushing when complimented

C. having nervous thoughts before a job interview

5. According to the discipline of psychology, which of the following is a mental process? A. swimming B. feeling proud C. crying D. reading out loud

B. feeling proud

6. According to the discipline of psychology, which of the following is NOT a mental process?
A. feeling angry about your psychology instructor's grading policy B. writing down the answer to a long division problem C. wanting to kiss the person sitting next to you D. deciding to ask your boss for a raise

B. writing down the answer to a long division problem

Psychologists rely on ________ which is the process of thinking reflectively and actively, and evaluating evidence. A. metacognition B. comprehension C. critical thinking D. selective wisdom

C. critical thinking

8. Who is demonstrating psychological skepticism? A. Martina asks the pharmacist to repeat the instructions for taking her medication. B. Doug tells the sales clerk he can get the shirt cheaper at another store. C. Lindsey is wondering if you can really improve your memory over night by taking a pill. D. Alex bought the newest exercise ball to help him lose weight in just five days.

C. Lindsey is wondering if you can really improve your memory over night by taking a pill

9. Who is most responsible for the rather narrow view of psychology held by the majority of the population? A. Skinner B. Freud C. Watson D. Maslow

B. Freud

The positive psychology movement focuses on A. therapy rather than research. B. research on topics such as happiness and optimism. C. research involving kindness to animals. D. intuition and places less value on science

B. research on topics such as happiness and optimism

Which of the following is a topic that would be exB. Freudplored by researchers who believe in positive psychology? A. hope B. depression C. retribution D. envy

A. hope

12. The origins of psychology as a science began in the discipline of A. philosophy. B. physics. C. chemistry. D. biology.

A. philosophy

13. Who conducted the first psychological experiment in 1879? A. Wilhelm Wundt B. William James C. Sigmund Freud D. B.F. Skinner

A. Wilhelm Wundt

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