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The breathing pattern that reflects respirations based primarily on cargon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood is which of the following?

Cheyne-Stokes

Regulation of body temperature primarily occurs in the

hypothalamus

In which region of the neuron do nerve impulses travel the fastest?

large axon

Neuroblastomas most frequently occur in which of the following?

retroperitoneal region

Which of the following is one primary organ responsible for heat production?

adrenal gland

Which of the following diseases should a newborn be screened for?

PKU

Which neurotransmitter is released when the parasympathetic motor neurons are stimulated?

Acetylcholine

What part of the brain controls the reflex activities concerned with heart rate and blood pressure?

medulla oblongata

Infants have problems with thermoregulation because they

cannot conserve heat and do not shiver

In what part of the brain is the primary visual cortes located?

Occipital lobe

Fungal meningitis most often occurs

in persons with impaired immune responses

The most common primary CNS tumors in adults are which of the following?

Astrocytomas

When brain activity during sleep is similar to the normal awake pattern, which phase of sleep is occuring?

REM

Most causes of encephalitis are

viral

A major contributing process in CVA's is the development of atheromatous plaques in cerebral circulation. These most commonly form in which of the following locations?

in cerebral arteries

Patients with myasthenia gravis often have tumors or pathologic changes in the

thymus

The percentage of retinoblastomas inherited as an autosomal dominant trait is

40%

What nutrient should a woman consume in the early stages of pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects?

folic acid

Myasthenia gravis results from

autoimmune injury at the neuromuscular junction

Heat loss from the body via evaporation occurs by which of the following?

transfer of heat through currents of liquids or gas

viral meningitis

often occurs with measeles, mumps, or herpes

The________ ensure(s) collateral blood flow from blood vessels supplying the brain.

circle of willis

Which system modulates a patient's perception of pain?

cognitive-evaluative systm

Which of the following are neurological cells?

astrocyte, oligondendrocyte, ependymal cell

Which of the following would increase a person's risk for thrombotic stroke?

dehydration

The most common type of traumatic brain injury is a

concusion

Most dreams occur during ___________ sleep.

REM

________ are most at risk of spinal injury from minor trauma.

elderly

Motor neurons are structurally classified as ________ neurons.

multipolar

The somatic nervous system controls which of the following?

skeletal muscle

The most common type of cerebral palsy is

spastic

As assessment sign of neuroblastoma is

Weight loss, irritability, and fatigue

The most common cause of bacterial meningitis is which of the following?

Neisseria meningitidis

The most common type of brain tumor in children is

atrocytoma

When a person has a fever, which of the following thermoregulatory mechanisms is activated?

the body's thermostat is rest to a higher level

Which region of the grain is responsible for motor aspects of speech?

broca area

Hikers are attempting to cross the Arizona desert with a small supply of water. The temperatures cause them to sweat profusely and become dehydrated. The hikers are experiencing which of the following?

Heat exhaustion

Which of the following findings indicates the patient is having complicaitons from heat stroke?

cerebral edema and degeneration of the CNS

A cell that is involved in forming the blood-brain barrier is which of the following?

astrocyte

A patient has paralysis of both legs. What type of paralysis does the patient have?

paraplegia

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