Port town that the Portuguese seized, giving them control of the strait with the same name
What was a very early sea chart? Developed by Muslims for coastal trade.
Triangular sails that enabled vessels to sail into the wind.
Device to help mariners resolve the problem of determining the position of the stars and sun relative to a point on the globe.
Maps developed by Arab navigators showing coastal outlines.
Device which indicates direction.
Deep Sea Rudders
Helped stablility and steering which enabled the building of larger vessels.
Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince of Portugal and patron of Portuguese navigators.
Vasco da Gama
Chinese explorer and diplomat.
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Portuguese explorer who found a sea route to the Spice Island by sailing around the American continent. His crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Dutch East India Company
a company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia
English East India Company
an early joint-stock company; were granted on English royal charter with the intention of favoring trade privileges in India