Grade 8 - Unit 3: Geometric Applications of Exponents

Created by:

bookswan Plus on July 13, 2012

Pop out
No Messages

Grade 8 - Unit 3: Geometric Applications of Exponents

 Altitude of a TriangleThe perpendicular distance between a vertex of a triangle and the side opposite that vertex. Sometimes called the height of a triangle. Also, sometimes the line segment itself is referred to as the altitude.
1/28

Order by

Definitions

Altitude of a Triangle The perpendicular distance between a vertex of a triangle and the side opposite that vertex. Sometimes called the height of a triangle. Also, sometimes the line segment itself is referred to as the altitude.
Base (of a Polygon) For two-dimensional figures, any side can be a base. Typically, however, the bottom side, on which the polygon 'sits,' is called the base.
Coordinate Plane A two-dimensional surface on which points are plotted and located by their x and y coordinates.
Coordiante Point of a Plane A pair of numbers defining the position of a point on a two-dimensional plane.
Cone A three dimensional figure with a circular or elliptical base and one vertex.
Converse of Pythagorean Theorem If the square of the length of the longest side of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides, the triangle is a right triangle.
Cubed Root One of three identical factors of a number that is the product of those factors.
Cylinder A three dimensional object with two parallel, congruent, circular bases.
Deductive Reasoning The process by which one makes conclusions using known facts, definitions, rules, or properties.
Diameter The distance across a circle through its center. The line segment that includes the center and whose endpoints lie on the circle.
Distance Formula An application of the Pythagorean Theorem based on the distance between two points.
Geometric Solid The collective term of all bounded three dimensional geometric figures.
Height of Solids The vertical height (or altitude) which is the perpendicular distance from the top down to the base.
Hypotenuse The hypotenuse is the side of a right triangle that is directly across from the right angle.
Irrational A real number whose decimal form is non-terminating and non-repeating that cannot be written as the ratio of two integers.
Leg of a Triangle Either of the two shorter sides of a right triangle. These two sides together form the right angle in the right triangle.
Literal Equation An equation with more than one variable. Formulas are literal equations.
Perfect Squares The product of a rational number multiplied by itself.
Perfect Cubes In arithmetic and algebra, the cube of a number n is its third power. It is the result of the number multiplying by itself three times.
Pythagorean Theorem A theorem that states that in a right triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse equals the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs.
Pythagorean Triples A set of positive integers, a, b, and c that fit the rule a^2 + b^2 = c^2.
Sphere The set of all points in space that are equidistant from a fixed point, called the center.
Square Root The square root of a number is a special value that, when multiplied by itself, gives the number.
Radius The distance from the center of a circle to any point on the circle. Also, the line segment that has the center of the circle as one endpoint and a point on the circle as the other endpoint.
Radical A symbol that is used to indicate square roots.
Rational Number Any number that can be expressed as the quotient a/b of two integers, with the denominator b not equal to zero.
Right Triangle A triangle with exactly one right angle.
Volume The amount of space occupied by an object.

First Time Here?

Welcome to Quizlet, a fun, free place to study. Try these flashcards, find others to study, or make your own.