Who were probably the first to navigate and colonize the islands of the south and west Pacific Ocean?
During their time, these people founded many settlements along the coasts of places like Ireland, Iceland, Greenland, Newfoundland, etc, and they were early explores of North America. But, they were also great worriors. They rampaged many colonies along their voyages.
This man sets sail from Spain in 1492. He hopes to reach India, but in the end, he reaches the West Indies and South America.
Starting in 1522, this man's crew circumnavigates the world. He was killed in the Philippines.
Sir Francis Drake
This man carried out the second circumnavigation of the world, from 1577 to 1580. He died of dysentery in January 1596 after unsuccessfully attacking San Juan, Puerto Rico.
His exploits were legendary, making him a hero to the English but a pirate to the Spaniards. A Passage that connects the southwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean (Scotia Sea) with the southeastern part of the Pacific Ocean is named after him.
This man led expeditions to Antarctica, mapped many unknown islands in the Pacific Ocean and determined the ocean's outline, took many samples and measurements, and made the first accurate maps of the earth's surface.
This man was the first to contribute to the understanding of the Gulf Stream and made a map of the current.
This man explores marine organisms, coral reefs, atolls, and is famous for his stay on the Galapagos islands.
In 1872 this famous ship set sail from England for three and a half years around the world. It was the first major oceanographic expedition from 1872-1876 to systematically collect data (measurements and live/sediment samples) from a large part of the worlds oceans under the direction of the chief scientist Sir Charles Wyville Thomson.
This individual studied ocean habitats and the distribution of food supplies to organisms. He was the person to coin the term "plankton".
In 1893, Nansen sets adrift in this vessel to prove that the Arctic Ocean is entirely ice covered with no continent under the ice.
During what war was sonar technology created?
This submersible was launched in 1964 by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to explore the deep ocean floor and retrieve samples.
Name the project that's aim was to study the feasibility of living underwater.
Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP)
Name the 1st large-scale, cooperative research project between both academic, governmental, and international institutions to look at plate tectonics and take core samples.
In what decade was GPS technology developed?
What was the first dedicated oceanographic satellite launched?
What is the name of the submersible that found life along hot water springs at the mid-ocean ridge and also located the sunken Titanic?
Erik "the Red" Thorvaldson, a viking, discovered what landmass?
Bjarni Herjolfsson and Leif Erikson sailed to what landmass?
What was the name of Charles Darwin's vessel?
U.S. Department of Defense
Who created GPS technology?
Where (what state) is Scripps Institution of Oceanography located?
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory is associated with what ivy league school?
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
This oceanographic institution is located in Massachusetts and is a part of both Harvard and MIT.