OSHA

Created by soofabulicious 

Upgrade to
remove ads

occupational safety and health administration

OSHA

to reduce the transmission of microorganisms

what is the purpose of OSHA?

reduces the transmission of microorganisms

Handwashing

handwashing

______should be done before and after gloving for invasive and noninvasive procedure

medical handwashing

______ Is done for 2-3 minutes or quick wash: 20 seconds. hand are not required to be above waist level but must not touch surroundings, finger tips down , non surgical disposable gloves

Surgical handwashing

______ is done for about 10 minutes. quick wash 6 minutes, elbows to finger tips, has must be kept above waist (or sterile field)

should be removed from waiting area and placed into an examination room (isolation)

priority patients

chickenpox, tuberculosis, any contagious or life threatening diseases

examples of priority patients

is the spread of microorganisms through little droplets of fluid in the air by coughing, sneezing and talking

droplet infection

above waist level

sterile field

is indirect transfering of microoganisms by means of air

airborne transmission

tuberculosis

airborne transmission example

Carried or transported by

-borne

sterile

100 % germ free

contaminate

touch with unsterile hand and medical gloves or other equipment will _________ a sterile field

contaminate

droplet infections can _______ a sterile field

contaminate

moisture of any sort will _______ a sterile field

contaminate

anything below the waist will _______ a sterile field

HIV
HBV

two highlighted blood-borne diseases two watch out for in the lab

human immunodeficiency virus

HIV

disinfectant

an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease ...is corrosive to the skin

antiseptic

a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues ..can be used on skin

personal protective equipment

PPE

false only when skin is intact once there is a break in skin you will be at risk for infection

(True or false and if false why?) the skin is a protective barrier against microorganisms

cleaned up

spills should be _____ immediately to avoid accidents

blood
semen
vaginal secretions
amniotic fluid
sputum ( or flem )

examples of body fluids

1:10 or (10% bleach and 90% water)

body fluids such as blood should be cleaned from premises using a ratio of _____ water and bleach (or ___% bleach ___% water)

all blood and unknown body fluids should be handled as if known to be infectious

UNIVERSAL OR STANDARDS PRECAUTIONS - the heart of OSHA

body substance isolation

BSI

use of PPE to protect individuals from contact with blood and other infectious materials

BODY SUBSTANCE ISOLATION

gloves
goggles
lab coats

examples of PPE

engineering way of controlling infection

engineering controls

how you protect yourself. covers the body with techniques such as handwashing , bandage over cuts .

WORKFORCE

maintenance of the work place

HOUSEKEEPING

series of 3 shots over a 6 month period

HEPATITIS B VACCINATION

Blood

whole blood
blood components
and products in which blood is an ingredient such as certain vaccines

are disease-causing microorganisms that live in the blood

bloodborne pathogen

refers to any object that can penatrate the skin (needles , scalpels , broken glass)

sharps

refers to the use of physical and/or chemical means to remove or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item

decontamination

refers to the presence or reasonably anticipated presence of microorganisms on an item or surface

contamination

are found in the conjunctiva of the eyes, mouth, nasal, passageway etc

mucous membranes

contact with pathogens bloodborne or otherwise potentially infectious material that result from the performance of an employees duties.

occupational exposure

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set