psychology test 2

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A biological psychologist would be most interested in conducting research on the relationship between these two things

neurotransmitters and depression

number of dendrites are branching extentions of

neurons

the extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body

axon

the longest part of a motor neuron is likely to be the...

axon

a brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the...

action potential

the chemical messenger release into the spatial junction between neurons are called...

neurotransmitters

refers to the reabsorbtion of exess neurotransmitter molecules by sending neurons

reuptake

curare is a paralyzing poison that function as an..

ach antagonists

the two major divisions of neuron systems are the central and the ____ nervous system

peripheral

on of the three major concerns of developmental psychology centers around the issue of

coninuity or stages

when Tommy's mother hides his toy under a blanket he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it, Tommy is clearly near the beggining of piaget _____ stage

sensorimotor

if children can not grasp the principle of conversation they are unable to...

recognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in shape

during an adolescence maturation of the _____ lags behind maturation of the _____

frontal lobe: limbic system

adolescents are most likely to be influenced by their parents with respect to ___ and they are most likely to be influenced by their peers with respect to

career and aspirations: clothing preference

most 20 yr olds out perform most 70 years old on videogames due to age related differences in....

information: processing speed

compared with their counterparts 40 yrs ago American men to day are marrying

at an older age and American woman are marrying at an older age

theories of human development have been most susceptible to criticism for over emphasizing

dicrete age linked stages

the parasympathetic neurons system

stimulates digestion and slows heartbeat

interrelated clusters of neurons in the central nervous system

refers to neural network

the master gland of the endocrine system is this...

pituitary gland

according to text learning involves...

a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience

the first experimental studies of associative learning were conducted by...

pavlov

pets who learn that the sound of a electric can opener signals the arrival of food illustrate

classical conditioning

John B. Watson consider himself to be a...

behaviorist

an event that increases the frequency that it follows is a...

reinforcer

Della asks for a treat at the store her mom grants it at first but slowly becomes less consistent, Della will...

continue to ask every time she goes to the store

Purchasing state lottery ticket

Variable ratio

watching the night sky

Variable interval

the introduction of pleasant stimulus is to ____ as the withdrawl of a pleasant stimulus is to ____

reinforcer: punishment

negative reinforcer____ the rate of operant learning and punishments___ the rate of operant responding

Increase: decrease

B.F. Skinner believed that teaching machines could promote effective learning because they allow for both

shaping and immediate renforcement

which of these least likely...

Respondent behavior

when grocery shopping 4 year old hakim____ temper tantrum

continue shopping while ignoring his tantrums

who higlighted the importance of observational learning

Bandura

Skinner is to shaping as bandura is to...

Modeling

after spanked multiple times for spilling milk in a restaurant, Collin fears going into a restaurant

Unconditioned stimulus

according to BF Skinner human behavior is controlled primarily by

External experiences

both classical and operant conditioning are forms of

associative learning

correlation studies

predicts

piaget is to cognitive development as kholberg is to ____ development

moral

Skinner's experiments, Extending Skinner's understanding, His legacy

operant conditioning

Bandura's experiments
applications of observational learning

Learning by Observation

neurons
how neurons communicate
how neurotransmitters influence Us

neural communication

the body's info system is built from billions of interconnected cells

neurons

branching extensions at the cell body. Recieve messages from other neurons

dendrites

long single extension of a neuron , covered with myelin sheath to insulate and speed up messages through neurons

Axon

branched endings of an axon that transmit messages to other neurons

terminal branches of axon

a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon and is generated by movement of positively charged atoms

action potential

each neuron recieves signals from many neurons. When the excitatory signals minus the inhibitory signals exceed a minumum intesity the neuron fires and action potential

Threshold

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