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insulin producing cells of the pancreas

In type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease may destroy the ________.

True

An overweight person is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than a person of normal weight.

liver

In the body, the major storage sites for glycogen are the muscles and

diverticulosis.

A diet low in fiber is associated with an increased risk of developing

the extent to which a given food raises blood glucose and insulin

Which of the following BEST describes the glycemic index?

glucose

Which of the following carbohydrates is the end product of photosynthesis?

True

Carbohydrate digestion ceases in the stomach because the pH of the stomach inactivates salivary amylase.

False

Consumption of all forms of fruit including fresh, frozen, canned, dried and fruit juices are encouraged in the pyramid system.

glycogen

The storage form of glucose in animals found in the liver and skeletal muscle is

the synthesis of new glucose from amino acids.

Gluconeogenesis is

table

When fructose and glucose are bonded together, they form ________ sugar.

pancreas

Insulin is synthesized and released by the

carbohydrate loading.

A technique employed by some endurance athletes to increase their storage of muscle glycogen is

insulin

Which of the following hormones is released when your blood sugar is too high?

chewing gum

Sugar alcohols are most often used in which of the following products?

True

Fructose is the sweetest natural sugar.

high blood cholesterol.

All of the following are symptoms/side effects of ketosis EXCEPT

two monosaccharides.

A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of

carbohydrate and fat

Which of the following are the preferred fuels for most body functions?

carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

Carbohydrates contain

polysaccharides

The term complex carbohydrates refers to

type 2

Approximately 18 million Americans have diabetes. Which of the following is the most prevalent form of diabetes?

liver

Which organ is responsible for glucose storage and release for maintaining a normal glucose level?

False

Research has shown that aspartame promotes the development of Alzheimer's disease.

legumes.

The richest dietary source of resistant starch is ________

insulin

After a meal, which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into the body's cells?

Because individuals do not produce any insulin, treatment always involves insulin therapy.

Which of the following is TRUE regarding type 1 diabetes?

True

The most common source of added sugars in the U.S. diet comes from soft drinks.

True

The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing among children and adolescents.

osteoporosis

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the metabolic syndrome?

saccharin

Which artificial sweetener was almost banned because of a proposed relationship with bladder cancer in experimental animals?

People with PKU cannot metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine

Individuals with the disease phenylketonuria (PKU) should not consume the artificial sweetener aspartame. Why?

glucose

What is the major monosaccharide found in the body?

130 grams

How many grams of carbohydrate (per day) are recommended to prevent ketosis in healthy individuals (RDA)?

diabetes mellitus

Individuals with untreated ________ are at risk for developing ketoacidosis.

obesity

All of the following are associated with type 1 diabetes EXCEPT

thyroxin

Which of the following hormones is NOT involved in maintaining blood glucose levels?

True

Excessive production of insulin can result in hypoglycemia.

ketones

In the absence of carbohydrate, ________ are produced from the incomplete breakdown of body fat.

Insulin is a protein and would be broken down by the human digestive tract if taken orally.

Insulin CANNOT be taken orally. Why?

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