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They are created during the hydrogenation process

Which of the following statements is TRUE about trans fatty acids?

False

Only plants can synthesize cholesterol.

True

In general, animal-based fats are high in saturated fats.

Small intestine

The vast majority of fat digestion and absorption occurs in the ________

corn oil

Which of the following is a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids?

trans fatty acids

Which of the following types of fat is required to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration?

phospholipids

The key structural components of a cell's membrane is(are) ________.

chylomicron

Which lipoprotein transports dietary fat out of the small intestine?

olestra

Which of the following is a fat replacer?

They are found in meat and dairy products.

Which of the following is NOT true about essential fatty acids?

saturated

Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temperature?

large intestine

All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT the

found in whole milk and beef.

Saturated fats are ________

being overweight

Which of the following is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

palm kernel and coconut oils

Which of the following foods contains a large quantity of saturated fatty acids?

<100

target LDL blood level

>60

target HDL blood level

<200

target total blood cholesterol level

<150

target blood level of triglycerides

lower intake of saturated fat and trans fat

What lifestyle changes can a person take to improve his or her blood lipid profile?

hydrogenation.

The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called ________

partially hydrogenated vegetable oil

Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the likely presence of trans fatty acids in a product?

lipoprotein lipase

Fat leaves the chylomicron and moves into adipose cells when ________ comes in contact with it, which causes the triglyceride to break up and be taken into the adipose cell

bile

To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as ________

2,400

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) currently recommend a reduction in dietary sodium intake to less than _______ mg per day.

chocolate cake

Which of the following foods contains invisible fats?

gastrointestinal distress

Which of the following health problems has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers?

organic nutrients that are insoluble in water

Which of the following describes lipids?

maintaining fat intake to within 20-35% of total energy

Which of the following recommendations have been shown to improve blood lipid levels and reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease?

choose trans-fat free margarines over butter.

The American Heart Association advises consumers to

glycogens

All of the following are major classes of dietary lipids EXCEPT

swordfish

Which of the following species of fish would likely contain the highest levels of contaminants?

adipose tissue

Where in the body are the majority of triglycerides stored for future energy needs?

Our bodies manufacture phospholipids.

Why are phospholipids NOT an essential nutrient?

triglycerides

What is the primary form of fat in the diet?

monounsaturated, medium chain

A fatty acid that contains a chain of ten carbons and one double bond is termed a fatty acid.

linoleic

The two essential fatty acids are ________ and alpha-linolenic acids.

as little as possible

How much trans fat is recommended in the diet?

C-reactive protein (CRP)

A nonspecific marker of inflammation associated with cardiovascular disease is ________

Fat makes us feel hungry

Which of the following is NOT a function of fat in the human body?

margarine made from corn or safflower oil

Which of the following is a rich source of omega-6 fatty acids?

prostate

Research has found the strongest association between dietary fat intake and what type of cancer?

sterols

Sex hormones and adrenal hormones are substances derived from which class of lipid?

heart disease

What is the leading cause of death in the United States?

olive oil and cashew nuts

Which of the following foods are rich sources of monounsaturated fatty acids?

butter

Which of the following food items would contain the highest amount of saturated fat?

nuts and nut butters

Which of the following are excellent sources of unsaturated fats?

adrenaline

During exercise, which of the following triggers the breakdown of stored fat?

3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol.

A triglyceride is comprised of ________

triglycerides

The major form of fat in both food and the body is ________

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