Medical Terminology Ch 10

43 terms by akgowd 

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anuria

failure of kidneys to produce urine

cystectomy

surgical removal of the gall bladder

cystic

pertaining to the gall bladder

cystocele

hernia of urinary bladder that protrudes to the vagina

diuresis

excessive production of urine

dysuria

painful or difficult urination

extracorporeal

a technique of lithotripsy using shock waves generated externally

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the renal glomeruli

hemodialysis

removing waste products from the blood

intravenous urography

radiological procedure used to visualize urinary system

laparoscopic nephrectomy

removal of kidney through several small incisions in the abdominal wall

lithotripsy

treatment using ultrasound shock waves to destroy kidney stones or other calculi

lithotrite

instrument for crushing a urinary calculus

nephrolith

kidney stone

nephrolithiasis

presence of kidney stones in the kidney

nephrolithotomy

surgical removal of kidney stones

nephropexy

surgical fixing of a mobile kidney

nephroptosis

prolapse of the kidney

nephrosis

kidney disease characterized by edema and loss of protein from the plasma

nephrostomy

artificial opening created between kidney and skin that allows for drainage of urine

nephrotomy

incision into the kidney

nephrotoxic

toxic to the kidney

percutaneous nephrostomy

tube is inserted on a temporary basis into renal pelvis when a complete obstruction of ureter is present

percutaneous bladder biopsy

removal of tissue from bladder using a needle inserted through the skin overlaying the bladder

percutaneous renal biopsy

removal of tissue from the kidney using needle puncture of the skin & tissue overlying the kidney;

peritoneal dialysis

procedure for treatment of kidney failure; soft tube is used to fill abdominal cavity with dialysate

polycystic kidney disease

kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidney containing many cysts

polyp

small growth protruding from a mucous membrane

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelolithotomy

surgical removal of a stone in the renal pelvis through incision

renal angiography

visualization of renal blood vessels through injection of dye

renal arteriography

visualization of renal blood vessels through injection of dye2

retrograde urography

x-ray examination of urinary system after injection of contrast directly into bladder or renal pelvis or ureter

stenosis

abnormal narrowing of passage of the body

suprapubic catheter

catheter surgically inserted into bladder by surgical incision above the pubis

transurethral resection

surgical procedure used to remove tissue form the prostrate through the urethra

uremia

elevated urea in the blood

ureteral catheterization

urinary cath

ureteroplasty

surgical repair of walls of ureters

urethroscopy

procedure for examining interior of urethra

urinary incontinence

inability to control flow of urine and involuntary urination

urinary retention

holding urine in the urinary bladder

voiding cystourethrogram

watching a persons urethra and urinary bladder while person urinates

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