Medical Terminology Ch 11

87 terms by akgowd

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abruptio placentae

placenta prematurely separates from wall of uterus

amenorrhea

abnormal absence of menstruation

amniocentesis

extraction of amniotic fluid in pregnant women

amniotomy

artificial rupture of membranes

antepartum

before birth

areola

ring of pigmented skin around nipple

benign prostatic hyperplasia

enlarged prostate

breech presentation

position in which fetus' butt comes out first

bulbourethral gland

either of two glands that discharge seminal fluid into urethra

cephalic presentation

position in which fetus' head comes out first

cervicocolpitis

inflammation of cervix uteri and vagina

cervix uteri

neckline opening to uterus

cesarean section

delivering a child through cutting mother's abdomen

chancre

painless ulcer developing on genitals from syphillis

chancroid

venereal infection caused by ulceration of lymph nodes

chorionic villus sampling

test made in early pregnancy to determine congenital abnormalities in the fetus

climacteric

menopause

colporrhaphy

surgical procedure in which vagina is sutured

colposcopy

examination of tissues in vagina and cervix

condyloma acuminatum

genital wart; cauliflower-like genital & anal warts

conization of the cervix

large biopsy is taken of the cervix in the shape of a cone

cryptorchidism

failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum after birth

curettage

removal of unwanted tissue in a cavity

cystocele

hernia of urinary bladder that protrudes into vagina

dilation and curettage

surgical procedure in which cervix is dilated and endometrium is scraped off

dysmenorrhea

painful menstruation

dysplasia

enlargement of tissue or organ by proliferation of cells of an abnormal type

endometrial ablation

surgical procedure to remove the endometrial lining of the uterus

endometriosis

condition of endometrial tissue appearing outside the uterus

epididymis

convoluted duct behind testes by which sperm passes on its way to testes

episiotomy

surgical cut made at the opening of the vagina during childbirth

erythroblastosis fetalis

severe anemia in childbirth due to blood group incompatibility

extrauterine

occurring outside the uterus

fistula

surgically made passage between hollow organ and body surface

genitourinary

relating to genitalia and urinary organs

gestation

process of being carried in a womb between conception and birth

gonococcus

bacterium that causes gonorrhea

gravida

number of pregnancy a woman is in

human chorionic gonadotropin

hormone produced in placenta that maintains corpus luteum during pregnancy

hydrocele

accumulation of serous fluid in a body sac

hysteroptosis

prolapse of the uterus

hysterosalpingogram

x-ray of uterus and fallopian tubes

kaposi sarcoma

rare type of skin malignancy that affects AIDS patients

lactiferous

forming or conveying milk or milky fluid

laparohysterectomy

surgical removal of all or part of uterus

mammalgia

breast pain

mammoplasty

surgical repair of breast

mastopexy

plastic surgery to reshape breasts

menorrhagia

abnormally heavy bleeding at menstruation

metrorrhagia

abnormal bleeding from uterus

mons pubis

rounded mass of fatty tissue above pubis

myoma

benign tumor of muscle tissue

myometrium

smooth muscle tissue of the uterus

nullipara

never given birth

obstetrician

specialist of medicine dealing with childbirth

gynecologist

specialist of medicine dealing with health and hygiene of women

oophorectomy

surgical removal of one or both ovaries

oophorosalpingitis

inflammation involving both ovary and fallopian tube

orchidectomy

surgical removal of testes

orchidopexy

surgery to move undescended testes into scrotum

ovarian carcinoma

cancerous growth arising from different parts of the ovary

ovarian cyst

benign tumors of the ovary

papillomavirus

viruses that cause genital warts

parturition

childbirth

pelvic inflammatory disease

inflammation of female genital tract, accompanied by abdominal pain

perimetrium

outer layer of uterus

placenta previa

pregnancy in which placenta is planted in lower uterus

salpingectomy

surgical removal of fallopian tubes

salpingo-oophorectomy

surgical removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes

salpingorrhaphy

suture of a fallopian tube

secundipara

second childbirth

speculum

metal instrument used to dilate a canal to allow inspection

spirochete

bacteria that causes syphilis

syphilis

venereal disease but also congenital to unborn

testicular torsion

spermatic cord that provides blood to testes is cut off

transurethral microwave thermotherapy

uses microwaves to destroy prostate tissue that obstructs urine flow

transurethral needle ablation

uses radio waves to destroy parts of enlarged prostate

transurethral prostatectomy

removal of cancerous tissue from prostate using resectoscope

transurethral resection

removal of tissue form prostate using instrument inserted through urethra

trichomoniasis

infection caused by parasite; infects vagina

tubal ligation

surgical procedure that involves tying fallopian tubes together

vasovasostomy

surgical procedure to restore vas deferens after vasectomy

vasicovaginal

abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault.

vulvitis

inflammation of the vulva

condidiasis

fungal infection vulvovaginitis; white patches, cheese like discharge

pubic lice

parasitic infection; severe itching, redness, inflammation of skin & mucous membranes

herpes genitalis

viral infection; blisters & ulceration of genitalia, fever, & dysuria

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