When describing the male urinary anatomy, the portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the ________ portion.
In the majority of cases, delayed puberty is due to
Occurence of gastroesophageal reflux is highest in which pediatric population?
The most common bacterial STD in the US is
Symptoms of prostatitis are similar to symptoms of
HPV infection can result in a higher risk of developing which of the following cancers?
The major difference between male and female sex hormone production is that
LH has no apparent action in the male
The ususal site of fertilization is the
ampulla of the fallopian tubes
In females, which hormone promotes the formation of channels in the mucous of the cervical os to facilitate sperm movement in the uterus?
Wilms tumors are tumors found in the
The most commonly occuring cancer of the female reproductive tract is ________ cancer.
What role do the kidneys play in Vitamin D function?
activate intestinally absorbed vitamin D
Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure due to
inadequte production of erythropoietin
Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?
Digested fats are primarily absorbed into the
Progesterone is secreted primarily by the
Menstration is followed by the ________ phase of the menstrual cycle.
Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because
fluid reserves are lower in children
A 13 year old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomitting to prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as
During the menstrual cycle, when estrogen and progesterone levels drop, the endometrium enters the ________ phase.
A 30 year old female with newly diagnosed PCOS is being counseled by her OB-GYN. They physician indicates that this condition often results in
The hormone that plays a role in breast milk ejection (letdown) during lactation is
Endometrial thickening during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle is stimulated by increased levels of
The most common type of renal stone is composed of
One substance associated with puberty in males and females is which of the following?
A 75 year old male reports to his PCP loss of urine with coughing, sneezin, or laughing. What is the likely dx?
Spermatogenesis occurs in the
In regard to Wilms tumor, which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this disease?
Absorption of nutrients from the intestine occurs initially through the
The function of the acinar cells of the pancreas is to secrete
The most common cause of acute renal failure is which of the following?
hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
A 30 year old obese female underwent gastric resection in an attempt to lose weight. Which of the following complications could the surgery cause?
Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n)
inflammatory response to gastroesophageal reflux
An important risk factor in the development of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is
Which sphincter, when it relaxes, allows bile to flow into the duodenum?
sphincter of Oddi
In the male anatomy, which paired glands lie posterior to the unrinary bladder?
Which of the GI cancers has the highest rate of incidence and is responsible for the highest number of deaths?
The thick middle layer of the uterine wall is called the
Which of the following signs is usually the first clinical manifestations of breast cancer?
a painless lump
Which of the following is the most common disorder associated with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding?