Elite Cumulative Vocab 2012 AB 1-500

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elite summer vocab week 1-4

ambiguous

having more than one possible interpretation

discern

to perceive and understand so as to make distinctions

provocative

tending to stimulate by making one interested or angry

influx

a mass arrival or incoming

terrestrial

relating to the Earth

vehement

forceful; furious

narcissistic

excessively interested in one's own appearance, comfort, importance, etc.

tangible

able to be touched or treated as real

exemplary

worthy to serve as a model

malign

to talk badly of something or someone; harmful

preeminent

superior in status or fame to all others, esp. as a generally recognized quality

prominent

noticeable; widely known

conflate

to bring together; to merge into a composite whole

prone

tending to or likely to do something; lying face down

modest

limited in amount, extent, etc.

milestone

an important event

attain

to reach, get, or accomplish

tenuous

weak; thin

recidivist

one who returns to criminal habits

colt

a young male horse

elated

in high spirits; joyful

languid

sluggish; lacking energy

adept

very skilled, esp. in natural talent improved by practice

lofty

very high; noble

vie

to compete

hypocrisy

the pretense of having virtues or beliefs that one does not really have

ornate

highly, often excessively decorated

allocate

to set apart for a special purpose; designate

autonomy

independence; self-government

laity

all the people not belonging to a given profession, esp. the clergy

reprimand

a severe, often formal, rebuke; to rebuke severely

clique

exclusive group of people

profuse

giving or pouring forth freely; generous

adorn

add beauty; to decorate

facilitate

to make easier

reciprocate

to give something in return

gape

to open wide; to stare with the mouth open

deadlock

a tie; a standstill

connive

to cooperate secretly in wrongful action

consortium

an association, esp. of businesses or investors, engaging in a joint venture

salacious

lustful; obscene

mores

accepted rules of behavior

nihilism

a belief that rejects all moral or religious values; the belief that the destruction of political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement

ado

trouble; fuss

blasé

indifferent or bored with life; unimpressed as if because of too much worldly experience

espouse

to give loyalty or support to; to adopt

vapid

lacking interest, animation, or flavor

venal

capable of being bribed or corrupted

clandestine

done in secret, esp. to conceal something improper

enervate

to weaken

consternation

a sudden feeling of anxiety, shock, or confusion

clarify

to make clear or easier to understand

envelop

to enclose or surround

dispense

to administer; to distribute; (with prep. 'with') to do without

discrepancy

lack of agreement; difference

precipitous

resembling a cliff; extremely steep

concerted

planned or accomplished together

scion

an heir; a descendant

harangue

a long pompous speech; a speech or piece of writing expressing strong emotion; a tirade

loath

unwilling, reluctant

rebut

to refute, esp. by offering opposing arguments or evidence

buffet

to knock about; to push or force roughly

encore

again, once more; a second performance; an audience's call for a second performance

mandate

a command; an order

frolic

to behave playfully and without inhibition

overt

open; not hidden

feign

to pretend; to fake

verve

energy in movement; exuberance

coup

a clever, sudden act or maneuver

expedite

to speed up

valor

marked courage or bravery

polyglot

one who speaks many languages; speaking many languages

incredulous

disbelieving; skeptical

artifact

an object produced by human work, esp. one of historical or archaeological interest

seminal

original and inspiring further similar efforts

vice

an evil practice or habit

distend

to stretch out; to expand

blandishment

a flattering act or remark; allurement; enticement

prim

overly proper; precise to the point of affection; prudish

forge

to give form or shape to; to advance gradually

altercation

a heated or noisy argument

querulous

inclined to find fault; complaining; full of complaint

outmoded

no longer in fashion

vocation

a regular occupation, esp. one for which a person is particularly suited

consummate

complete; supremely accomplished

check

to restrain or block

modicum

a small quantity

vicarious

felt as if one were taking part in the experiences of another

surrogate

a substitute

tenacious

holding firmly; cohesive

cupidity

strong desire for wealth; greed

facet

any number of sides or aspects

covet

to desire strongly

censure

to criticize severely

sanctimonious

pretending holiness; hypocritically devout

archetype

the original pattern or model; a perfect example

heed

to pay attention to

escapade

a reckless adventure

kindle

to set on fire; ignite

abstruse

difficult to understand

precipice

a cliff; the edge of a dangerous situation

garnish

to decorate; adorn

insight

the power to sense or understand something

offhand

without preparation or forethought

nebulous

unclear; vague

negligible

of little value or importance

liaison

a communication between different groups; the person in charge of a communication

inveigle

to obtain by flattery

capitulate

to surrender under specific conditions; to give up all resistance

fete

lavish entertainment; a festival

jaundice

prejudice; bias; a yellowish discoloration of the skin

bacchanalian

characterized by riotous, drunken partying

nettle

to bother; to irritate

cite

to refer to or quote

chastise

to punish by beating; to scold or condemn sharply

maxim

a short saying expressing a general principle

deploy

to station or assemble troops or forces in position

perceptive

capable of quickly understanding

reprieve

to postpone or cancel punishment

nativity

birth, esp. with reference to place, time, etc.

grandiose

impressive; imposing; showy

bewitch

to put a spell on; to charm

profligate

immorally wasteful

knack

a specific talent for doing something, esp. one that is difficult to teach

myriad

an indefinitely large number

baroque

fantastically over-decorated; gaudily ornate

impel

to push something into motion

relegate

to assign to an obscure place or condition; to send away

debris

bits and pieces of rubbish

colloquy

conversation, esp. a formal one

diminution

a decrease or diminishing

abstemious

moderate, esp. in eating and drinking

apathy

lack of emotion; lack of concern, esp. to matters of general importance

brusque

abrupt and curt of manner

egalitarian

of the belief that all people should have equal rights

coiffure

a hairstyle

avarice

excessive desire for wealth

earnest

showing deep sincerity; serious

fortify

to make stronger

commend

to express approval of

contrive

to bring about artificially

deficient

lacking an essential quality; inadequate in amount or degree

excise

to remove by or as if by cutting

banter

good-humored teasing

cataclysm

a disastrous event, usually one that brings about great change

prevail

to triumph over; to be or become most common

subjective

based on personal experience or feeling, not on external evidence

become

to be appropriate or suitable to; to look good with

arrogate

to claim for one's self unjustly

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