represents something specific and often looks like the thing it represents
further describes subordinate terms
refers to the specific and objective-dictionary-based meaning of a word
refers to the emotional response or personal thoughts connected to the meaning of a word
collection of sounds that stand for something
group objects and ideas together generally
things you can perceive with your senses
system or arbitrary signs and symbols used to communicate thoughts and feelings
Language reflects cultural models of the world
the way in which we use words in a language to generate meaning
ideas or concepts that usually cannot be observed or touched, often require interpretation
fear associated with writing situation of specific writing assignments
When people "miss each other with their meanings"
How we modify our verbal and nonverbal communication in different contexts
The specialized or technical language of a specific profession or homogenous group
using multiple words to replace a single word
can express judgment from others
Subject performs the action, "The student read the book"
The subject receives the action. "The book was read by the student"
Most concrete and specialized descriptions. Not just "The car is parked outside" but "The 1998 Chevy silver ado is parked outside"
Substitute a bland word for one more considered to be hurtful or offensive
Using words that are taboo or disapproved of
Use of words that reinforce stereotypes, exclude others from understanding