Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley, and China Test

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What are three sumerian inventions?

Cuneiform, Irrigation, Plows

what is the center of all sumerican cities?

Ziggurat

He was an Akkadian king who created the world's first empire

Sargon

Another name for which mesopotamia is located

Fertile Crescent

He was a babylonian king who created the code of laws

Hammurabi

These were people who invaded Egypt at the end of the Middle Kingdom

Hyksos

Writing surface invented by the Egyptians

Papyrus

2 languages on the Rosetta Stone

Ancient Greek and Egyptian Hieroglyphics

Egyptian god-kings

Pharoahs

3 parts of ancient Egyptian history

Old, Middle, New

Used by Shang Kings to consult the Gods

Oracle Bones

Concept that the zhou leaders and later the Chinese leaders declared that justified their power

Mandate of Heaven

Nomads attacked this dynasty's capital in 771 B.C. and effectively took them out of power

Zhou Dynasty

First dynasty to leave written records

Shang Dynasty

First Chinese Dynasty

Xia Dynasty

2 people that Harappans traded with

Mesopotamians and Afghans

3 countries that make up the indian subcontinent

India, Pakistan, Bangledish

Religion whose early beginning can be traced back to the Harappan civilizations

Hinduism

Another name for Indus Valley civilization

Harappan Civilization

Seasonal winds that dominate

monsoons

Religion of Egypt today

Muslim

country that the Indus River run through today

Pakistan

2nd most populous country which is located southwest of China

India

Share of population who is either Indian or Chinese

37%

3 of early river civilizations located on this continent

Asia

This region, about the size of Massachusetts, was the site of the first civilization

Sumer

Herodutus remarked that Egypt was

The Gift of the Nile

This is a legendary king of Mesopotamia whose adventures are detailed in one of the world's earliest works of literature.

Gilgamesh

What did these early river civilizations do to overcome the challenges they were faced with?

Built irrigation systems to secure their water supply

The cataracts along the Nile are most similar to

Rapids

Papyrus was used as a surface for the Egyptian writing system called

Hieroglyphics

The main purpose of the pyramids of Egypt was to function as

Tombs

Ancient Egypt was protected by natural barriers formed by

Deserts

The legendary firgure Narmer is famous for being

The first ruler of a united Egypt

This is the process by which the ideas, beliefs, and products of one people are shared with and widely accepted by another people.

Cultural Diffusion

Which challenges did all these early civilizations face?

Seasonal Flooding

This part of the area between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea differs from the surrounding territory in the richness of the land.

Fertile Crescent

This is the belief in many gods.

Polytheism

This is a political unit that operates similarly to an independent kingdom, although it shares a culture with other areas.

City-states

The process of mummification was connected to the Egyptian belief in

An afterlife

The Fertile Crescent is located in

Asia

The theocracy of ancient Egypt was a belief in the divinity of

the pharoah

The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

Mesopotamia

The Sumerians' gods were

Ready to punish at any time

The Nile flooded when

Rains and melted snow from the mountains caused to river to rise

The Sumerians view of death was

Pessimistic

This is the result of uniting several peoples, nations, or formerly independent states under one ruler.

Empire

From the pyramids, we can tell that the ancient Egyptians

Had the necessary technology and organization to carry out massive projects

Creator of the world's first empire

Sargon

This is a series of rulers from the same family.

Dynasty

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