Milady's Ch.5 Infection Control

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What is not an issue addressed by OSHA standards?

Gender equality in the workplace

What term refers to an abnormal condition of all or part of the body that makes the body incapable carrying on normal function?

Disease

What three qualities must disinfectants used in salons, spas, and medical facilities have?

Bactericidal, sporicidal, and fungicidal

What type of bacteria causes abscesses, pustules, and boils?

Staphylococci

What is the most common type of bacteria?

Bacilli

What are the two new cells created through binary fission called?

Daughter cells

What is the most common way that communicable diseases spread?

Dirty hands

What is a sign that a client has human papilloma virus (HPV) or plantar warts?

Clusters of small black dots on the bottom of the foot

What is a type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inaimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon?

Mildew

What form of decontamination is not recommended for use in salons or spas?

Dry-heat sterilization

What is a characteristic of an ideal disinfectant?

Includes strips for checking effectiveness

What strength bleach solution can be used for disinfecting implements that have come into contact with blood?

10%

What sould you do when using disinfectant?

Follow the instructions on the label for diluting it

What is a phenolic disinfectants?

They are a form of formaldehyde

What should you not do when using disinfectants?

Place them in unmarked containers

When should you wash your hands?

Before and after a service

What should you do next after stopping the service when a client is accidentally cut and starts to bleed?

Put on gloves

What type of burn affects all layers of the skin and causes blistering, swelling, and scarring?

Thrid degree burn

How long should you flush a client's eyes with water if a product gets into them?

15 Minutes

What should you do to help keep the workplace healthy and looking its best?

Clean fans and humidifiers at least once a week

T/F The Environmenta Protection Agency (EPA) is a state regulatory agency.

False

T/F Some people that carry MRSA bacteria are not aware of their infection, but can infect others

True

T/F Viruses can replicate without the presence of host cells

False

T/F Disinfectants used in the salon should carry an EPA-regisration number and identify the specific organisms they are effective in killing.

True

T/F all work surfaces must be cleaned and disinfected before beginning any client service

True

T/F Any disinfectant item that has been touched or exposed to air is considered contaminated

True

T/F Properly washing your hands is one of the most important action you can take to prevent spreading germs from one person to another

True

T/F When washing your hands, the water should be as hot as you can tolerate.

False

Bloodborne pathogens are more difficult to kill than germs that live outside the body

True

When washing your hands, the process for brushing both hands should take about 15 seconds to finish

False

Medical term for barber/s itch

Tenea barbae

Determination of the nature of a disease from it symptoms and/or testing

Diagnosis

Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups

Cocci

Medical term for athlete's foot

Tinea peids

Corckscrew-shaped bacteria

Spirilla

One form of this is touching a contaminated countertop

Indirect transmission

Short rod-shaped bacteria

Bacilli

Germicides formulated for use on skin

Antiseptics

These work to break down stubborn films and remove the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks

Chelating soaps

One form of this is passing body fluids through kissing

Direct transmission

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