Anatomy and Physiology

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Chapter 6 in Milady Standard Cosmetology 2012

Anatomy

The study of the human body structure that can be seen with the naked eye and how the body parts are organized is called?

Physiology

The study of the function and activities performed by the body's structure is called?

Histology

The study of tiny structures found in living tissue is called?

Microscopic Anatomy

Histology is also known as?

Cell

What is the basic units of all living things?

Protoplasm

what is a colorless jelly-like substance found inside cells in which food elements such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts and water are present?

Nucleus

What is a dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell?
Hint: It plays an important part of in cell reproduction and metabolism.

Cytoplasm

What is the watery fluid that cells need for growth, reproduction, and self repair?

Cell Membrane

What is the cell part that encloses the protoplasm that permits soluble substance to enter and leave the cell?

Mitosis

When two cells divide into two identical cells (daughter cells) it is called?

Centrioles

What helps moves each side during the mitosis process to help divide the cell?

Metabolism

What is the chemical process that takes place in living organisms, through which the cells ore nourished and carry out their activities?

Anabolism

The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones, will be needed for cell growth, reproduction and repair?

Catabolism

The braking down of complex compounds within the cells into smaller ones, this process releases energy?

Tissue

A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function?

Connective Tissue

Fibrous tissue that binds together, protects, and supports the various parts of the body?

Adipose Tissue

Technical term for fat, gives smoothness and contour to the body?

Epithelial Tissue

A protective covering on body surfaces , such as skin , mucus membranes, the tissue inside the mouth, the lining of the heart, digestive and respiratory organs, and the glands is?

Muscle Tissue

A tissue that contracts and moves various parts of the body?

Nerve Tissue

A tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions?

Nine

How many major body organs are there?

Organs

What tissue is designed to perform specific function in plants and animals?

206

The skeletal system is composed of how many bones?

Osteology

What is the study of the skeletal system called?

Myology

What is the study of the muscles called?

Neurology

The study of Nerves?

Nervous System

A well organized body system, composed of the brain , spinal cord , and nerves, that is responsible for controlling and coordinating?

Adductors

A muscle that draws a body part, such as a finger, arm, or toe , inward from the midline of the body?

Abductor

A muscle that draws a body part, such as a finger, arm, or toe , away from the midline of the body?

Flexor

The muscle of the wrist involved in flexing the wrists called?

Pronator

The muscle that turns the hand inward so that the palm faces downward is called?

Supinator

The muscle of the forearm that rotates the radius outward and the palm upward is called?

Extensor Digitorum Longus

The muscle that bend the foot up and extends the toes is called?

Extensor Hallucis Longus

The muscle that extends the big toe and flexes the foot is called?

Bicep

The muscle that lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow is called?

Deltroid

A large, triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward is called?

Tricep

A large muscle that covers the entire back of the upper arm and extends the forearm is called?

Extensors

A muscle that straightens the wrist , hand, and fingers to form a straight line is called?

Systems

What are groups of body organs acting together to perform one or more functions?

206

The skeletal system form the physical foundation of the body and is of ____ bones that vary in size and shape and are connected by movable and immovable joints.

Perietal Bones

Bones that form the sides and top of the cranium?

14

Facial skeleton. The framework of the face that is conposed of ___ bones.

Cranium

An oval, bony case that protects the brain.

Eight

How many bones does the cranium have?

Occipital Bone

Hindmost bone of the skull, below the parietal bone; forms the bock of the skull above the nape?

Temporal Bone

Bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region?

Circulatory

Controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels?

Integumentary

Serves as a protective covering and helps regulate the body's temperature; consists of skin and its accessory organs , such as oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair, and nails?

Frontal Bone

Bone that forms the forehead?

Maxilae

Bone of the upper jaw?

Mandible

Lower jawbone; largest and strongest bone of the face?

Humerus

Uppermost and largest bone in the arm, extending from the elbow to the shoulder?

Femur

Heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee?

Patella

Also knowns as accessory bone or kneecap. Forms the the kneecap joint?

26

The foot is made up of ___bones?

Myology

Study of nature, structure, function, and diseases of the muscles?

Epicranius

Also known as occipitofrontilis. Broad muscle that coves the top of the skull and consist of the occipitalis and frontalis?

Occipitalis

Back (posterior) portion of the epicranius; the muscle that draws the scalp backward?

Frontalis

Front (anterior) portion of the epicranius; the muscle of the scalp that raises the eyebrow, draws the scalp forward, and causes wrinkles across the forehead?

40

About what percentage of body weight is in muscle?

Masseter

What is the name of the jaw muscle?

Platysma Muscle

Broad muscle extending from the chest and shoulder muscle to the side of the chin; responsible for lowering the lower jaw and lip?

Sternocleidonastoideus

Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head?

Orbicularis Oculi Muscle

Ring muscle of the eye socket; enables you to close your eye?

Crrugator Muscle

Muscle located beneath the frontalis and orbicularis oculi muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles th forehead vertically?

Bicep

Muscle that produces the contour of the front and inner side of the upper arm; lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow?

Deltoid

Large, triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body?

Triecep

Large, triangular muscle that covers the entire back of the upper arm and extends the forearm?

Extensors

Muscle that straighten the wrist, hand, fingers to form a straight line?

Flexor

Extensor muscle of the wrist involved in flexing the wrist?

Pronator

Muscle that turns the hand inward so that the palm faces downward?

Supinator

Muscle of the forearm that rotates the radius outward and the palm upward?

...

Muscle that draws a body part, such as a finger, arm, toe,

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