chapter 2 american history

42 terms by bwellach 

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vocab and key people and events

crusades

the 9 military events that were ment to liberate muslims from the holy lands

marco polo

was a merchant from the venetian republic he had introduced europeans to central asia and china

renaissance

the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world

mansa musa

was the tenth emperor of the mali empire during his hight ruled from 1312 to 1337

henry the navigator

was a map maker and a teacher of christopher columbus

bartholomeu dias

was a portuguese explorer who sailed around th southern most tip of africa in 1488 he was the first european known to have done so

vasco di gama

was a portuguese explorer one of the most successful was the first commander to sail directly from europe to india

christopher columbus

was a navagator found the americas had been funded by the spain because he would bring christianty to the new land

amerigo vespucci

was an italian explorer who was a navigator and cartographer

ferdinand magellan

was a maritime navigator and explorer was the first succesful attempt to circumnavigate the earth but he didn't survive the journy because he was killed in the battle of macton

hernan cortes

was a spanish conquestodor who led an expidition that caused the fall of the actec empire

montezuma

was the emperor of the asteck empire he was meet by the spainish conquistador and he was over thrown buy them

francisco pizzaro

a spanish conquistador concurer of the incan empire and founder of lima the modernday capital of peru

atahualpa

was the last emperor of the incan empire he became empire because he defeted his older half brother

hernando de soto

was a spanish explorer and conquistador who while leading the first european expiditond deep into the united states

leif ericksson

was an explorer who is currently regarded as the first european to land in north america 492 years before christopher columbus

vinland

was the name given to an area of north america by the northsmen about the year 1000 ce

martin luther

changed the corse of western civilization buy initiating the prodestant reformation

protestant reformation

was a christian reform movement in europe witch is generaly deemed to have began with martin luther's 95 theses in 1517

john calvin

was a paster during the protestant reformation

john cabot

was a venetian navigator and explorer whos 1497 discovery of north america is commonly led to be the first european voiage

jacques cartier

was a french expolorer who clamed what is now canada for france he was the first european to describe and map the gulf of saint lawrence

henry hudson

was an english sea explorer and navagator in the early 17th centry he explored the region around modern new york city while looking for a western route to the indies

classical

belonging to the first or highest class

technology

the termonology of an art, sience and laguage

astrolabe

an instrament used to make predictions

pilgrimage

a long jorny one would under take for some volital purpose

mosque

a muslim house of worship

qu'ran

the sared text of islam divided into 114 chapters

saga

a medieval icelantic or norse post naritive of achevments and events in the history of the family

line of demarcation

the line that the pope made to stop the wars of witch contry would get what part of the new found land

strait

a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

circumnavigate

to sail around an area of water

conquistador

one of the spainish concorers of mexico and peru in the 16th centry

pueblo

an indian village in north america

mission

a group of people sent to a foregin country to conduct negotiations establishing relations

encomienda

the land or village together with its inhabitants

plantation

a colony or new settlement

mercantilism

when one country buys something for one price and sells it back for a higher price to the same country

columbian exchange

was an widespred exchangeof plants animals foods slaves and more

northwest passage

is a sea route through the artic ocean along the nothen coast of north america via water ways

coureur de bois

was a individual who engaged in the fur trade without permissions from the french authorities

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