Explain how Muhammad received his first revelation.
He went into a cave to meditate on the meaning of life. One evening, the angel Jilbril told him to be the messenger of Allah.
As a messenger of God, what was Muhammad's chief message to humankind?
The message was that there is only one God and wanted worship to him alone.
What was the major cause of the rise of the two major groupings of Muslims-the Sunni and the Shi'ah?
Husayn died in battle and Shi'a Muslims saw him as a matyr who restored Islam to the purity of Muhammad (his grandfather).
Summarize some of the major contributions of Islamic civilization to Western culture during its Golden Age.
Literature, Caligraphy, scientific and philosophical works translated into Arabic.
What were some of the major causes of the decline of the Muslim states in the early modern period?
The advance of Europe's economic/industrial/military power led to the long slow decline of Muslim society.
Summarize the historical development of the Nation of Islam in the United States.
The Nation of Islam grew in the U.S. by certain spiritual leaders such as Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, and Louis Farrackhan. It was aimed at empowering African-Americans, therefore they do not mix with the Americans.
What does the word Qur'an mean?
It means recitation and God's final revelation and to read.
Why is the Qur'an the most sacred writing for Muslims? What are other sacred writings Muslims revere?
The Qur'an because it contains the collection of revelation of Muhammad directly from God in Arabic. And the Hadith is also revered.
Why can it be said that the Qur'an and Sunnah go hand in hand?
This is because the Qur'an presents God's word and the Sunnah presents Muhammad's way of life. Muslims believe both are needed to live and act as Muslims.
Compare the Hadith to the Jewish Talmud. How are they alike?
They both offer guidance to each respective believer on how to live life. Both were oral and written accounts of teachings and actions of God or Muhammad.
Explain what Muslims believe about the two main sections of the Islamic Profession of Faith.
God is creator and sustainer of universe. Is all-loving, all-powerful, all-knowing, all-merciful, and present everywhere.He gives and takes life. He is judges all especially whether they will spent eternity in heaven or hell.
Name and explain the Five Pillars of Islam.
Shahadah witnessing/profession of faith
How does one become a Muslim?
Must must submit to the will of Allah. They do this by demonstrating acts of Muslims like the Five Pillars. Then there's an initiation ceremony.
What are the sources of shar'iah, and what is its role in Islam?
It is the center pieces of Islam provides guidance from God on how to live individually and as a society
Discuss the role of women in Islam
It has grown over time. Muslim women are very conservative and are homemakers. It had evolved over time. They have very conservative hair, dress, behaviors(how they act), and speak