ASL Rules

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27 terms · This is a collection of rules, sentence types, and other items that are not actual signs but part of ASL

Sentence type: Yes - No Questions

• NON-MANUAL: Brow raise, widened eyes, frequently head/body tilt
• Generally the last sign is held longer than usual
• Sentence includes "______q" at the end

Sentence type: WHQ's

• NON-MANUAL: Brow squint, Frequently head tilt back
(In general the WH-q is at the end of the sentence)
• "WH" signs are used

Sentence type: COMMANDS

• Stress/Emphasize verb
• Maintain eye contact

Sentence type: NEGATIVES

• NON-MANUALS: Side-to-side head shake, a frown, brow squint, wrinkle nose and or upper lip
• Sentence will have "_____n______" over it

Sentence type: TOPIC

• NON-MANUALS: Brow raised, Head tilt,
• Hold last sign of topic (pause)

Sentence type: STATEMENT

• The absence of any non-manual behavior

Sentence Structure in ASL

Time
Place
Object
Subject
Verb

Negative Indicators

1. "_______n_______" Above the sentence.
2. Use the sign "NOT" before or after a SIGNED verb.
3. Use Negative Incorporation: DON'T-KNOW, DON'T-LIKE, DON'T-WANT. *must include the "-" well writing.

Body Time Line

Your body is now. Forward is in future, Behind you in in the past.

Signs that equal: Tonight, This Morning, This Afternoon.

"NOW" + "NIGHT" = Tonight
"NOW" + "MORNING" = This Morning
"NOW" + "AFTERNOON" = This Afternoon

NON-DIRECTIONAL VERBS

Verbs that have NO Motion towards someone or something.

UNI-DIRECTIONAL VERBS

Signs (verb) that move in one direction. from signer to person or person to signer, NOT person to person.
Example: "VISIT"
GLOSS them like iVISITher. The "i" and "her" are included in the "VISIT" sign and won't be capitalized.

MULTI-DIRECTIONAL VERBS

Signs (verb) that mover in any direction. From signer to person, person to signer, and person to person.
EXAMPLE: "MEET"
GLOSS them like iMEETher. The "i" and "her" are included in the "MEET" sign and won't be capitalized.

What are the 3 Directional Verbs

1. NON-DIRECTIONAL
2. UNI-DIRECTIONAL
3. MULTI-DIRECTIONAL

TIME INDICATOR "FINISH"

Using the "FINISH" sign time indicator before or after the verb.
Example:
DOG I FINISH SEE = I saw the dog
DOG I SEE FINISH = I saw the dog

Time Indicator "Placement of Time"

When you sign a sentence that requires a time stamp. You sign the "TIME" first. (T+P+O+S+V)
EXAMPLE:
LAST YEAR SPOKANE DOG# ME BUY
TODAY IT DIE
NEXT YEAR SEATTLE DOG NEW I BUY

4 Manual Parts of a Sign

1. Hand Shape
2. Location
3. Palm Orientation
4. Motion/Movement

Dominant hand vs. Non Dominant hand

Dominant hand = Motion (performs the sigh)
Non Dominant hand = Support or does nothing

Color Signs that Shake the letter

Yellow = Shake "Y"
Blue = Shake "B"
Brown = Shake "R" (yes thats an "R")
Green = Shake "G"
Purple = Shake "P"

Color Signs that don't shake the letter

Red = Starts in the "D" hand shape. In front of chin, Hand Position facing self, Moves down and turns into the "X" hand shape.
ORANGE = "O" hand shape. In front of chin, hand position facing dominant hand, motion is squeezing the "O" like squeezing an orange.
Pink = "P" hand shape. in front of chin, hand position facing self, moves as if your scratching your chin with middle finger.
Black = "B" hand shape, in front of forehead, palm orientation facing down, motion is sliding hand across the forehead left to right or right to left depending on dominant hand.

Proper way to introduce yourself

HI, MY NAME _______
I FROM ______
I HEARING

What are Classifiers

• They are not signs.
• They are visual specifiers of Shape and Size.
• They use the "LL", "C", "CC", "BB", or "F"
LL = Has a little bend and an example would be describing a Burrito
C = One handed thicker round soaked item
CC = Two handed thicker round shape
BB = Flat shape like a map
F = Small round shape like a silver dollar
GLOSS LIKE "CL: CC" or "CL: F"

Additive Use in ASL

ADJ go before or after the thing they modify. (After is Best)
Example: YOUR NAME (Object) MAN (Verb) REMEMBERS (ADJ)

GLOSSING FINGER SPELLING

When writing ASL if you spell it your wright it out as: H-E-L-P.

Pronomilization

A pronoun placed in a 3D space.
Example: He, She, You, It.
* When you sign the "HE" you then place them in your sign space to reference them letter if needed.

Agent Suffix

Person Ending
Remembering tip: 007 - Kills by suffocation - ending their life (or sentence)

WHQ's

They are the:
When
Where
Who
What
How
Why
Which

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