Medical Terminology

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Medical, Terminology,

Arteriosclerosis

An abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries.

Hematology

The study of blood.

Aortomalacia

Softening of the aorta.

Ventriculotomy

An incision of a ventricle.

Pericarditis

An inflammation around the heart.

Endocardium

The inner layer of the heart.

Arteriorrhexis

Rupture of an artery.

Phlebostenosis

Narrowing of a vein.

Bradychardia

A slow heart beat.

Hemangioma

A tumor composed of blood vessels.

Myocardium

The muscular layer of the heart.

Ventricular

Pertaining to a ventricle.

Arteriolith

A stone in an artery.

Arteriorrhapy

Suture of an artery.

Hemangiectasis

Dialation of a blood vessel.

Necrectomy

The excision of dead tissue.

Angioplasty

Surgical repair of a vessel.

Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest.

Aortic

Pertaining to the aorta

Bradyphagia

Slow eating.

Rhinorrhea

Flow or discharge from the nose.

Hemaphobia

Fear of blood.

Pharyngomycosis

An abnormal condition of fungus growing in the pharynx.

Laryngoplegia

A muscle paralysis of the larynx.

Pharyngocele

Hernia or swelling of the pharynx.

Pharyngotome

An instrument used to incise the pharynx.

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx

Nasitis

Inflammation of the nose.

Laryngoscopy

Visual examination of the larynx.

Tracheomalacia

Softening of the trachea.

Myorrhaphy

Suture of a muscle.

Neoplasm

A new growth.

Rhinologist

A physician who specializes in diseases of the nose.

Gastroma

A tumor of the stomach.

Chondritis

Inflammation of cartilage.

Pharygostenosis

A narrowing of the pharynx.

Rhinoplasty

Surgical repair of the nose.

Pneumoectomy

Excision of a lung.

Pleuritis

Inflammation of the pleura of the lung.

Thoracotomy

Incision of the chest.

Pneumonopathy

Disease of a lung.

Apnea

Absence of breathing.

Dermatologist

A physician who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin

Dermatoplasty

Plastic surgery of the skin.

Hidradenoma

A tumor of the sweat gland.

Trichosis

An abnormal condition of hair.

Dermopathy

A disease of the skin.

Hidrosis

An abnormal condition of sweat.

Lipocyte

A fat cell

Xerophagia

A condition of eating dry food only.

Gastrology

Study of the stomach.

Adipectomy

Surgical excision of fat.

Sclerosis

An abnormal condition of hardening.

Dermis

The second layer of skin.

Onychoma

A tumor of a nail.

Gastromalacia

Softening of the stomach.

Adipocele

A hernia containing fatty tissue.

Xeroderma

Skin that is dry.

Xanthocyte

A cell that is yellow.

Erythrocyte

A cell that is red.

Leukocyte

A cell that is white.

Xanthosis

An abnormal condition of yellow.

Autograph

A skin transplant using one's own skin.

Dermatome

An instrument used to cut skin.

Melanosis

An abnormal condition of black.

Xanthemia

Yellow pigment in the blood.

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin.

Melanoma

A black tumor.

Leukemia

A type of cancer that is characterized by the overproduction of white cells in the body.

Xanthoma

A tumor that is yellow.

Melanocyte

A cell that is black.

Erythrosis

An abnormal condition of red.

Cytology

The study of cells.

Histology

The study of tissue.

Posterior

Pertaining to the back.

Dorsal

Pertaining to the back.

Anterolateral

Pertaining to the front and the side.

Ventrolateral

Pertaining to the front and the side.

Mediad

Toward the middle or center of the body.

Cephalad

Toward the head.

Inferior

Pertaining to lower.

Caudal

Relating to the tail.

Proximal

Nearest the point of attachment.

Distal

Farthest away from the point of attachment.

Spinal

Relating to the spine.

Median

Divided into equal right and left sides.

Mid-Sagittal

Divided into equal right and left sides.

Radiography

The process of making a recording using x-rays.

Horizontal Plane

Also known as the Transverse plane.

Transverse Plane

Also known as the Horizontal plane.

Cranial

Pertaining to the skull.

RUQ

Right Upper Quadrant.

LUQ

Left Upper Quadrant.

RLQ

Right Lower Quadrant.

LLQ

Left Lower Quadrant.

Hypochondria

Beneath the cartilage of the ribs.

Epigastric

Above or on the stomach.

Lumboabdominal

Pertaining to the lower back and the abdomen.

Umbilical

Pertaining to the navel.

Xanthoderma

Abnormal yellowing of the skin.

Dermatomycosis

Fungal infection of the skin.

Trichopathy

Disease of the hair.

Pneumonomelanosis

Condition of black lung.

Thoracentesis

Puncture of the chest wall to obtain fluid for diagnostic purposes.

Pneumocentesis

Surgical puncture of the lung.

Lobotomy

Incision of a lobe.

Aerophagia

Swallowing of air.

Cardiopathy

Disease of the heart.

Phleborrhexis

Rupture of a vein.

Aphagia

Inability to swallow.

Hydrophobia

Fear of water.

Necrophobia

Fear of death.

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin.

Cutane

Another combining form for skin.

Subcutaneous

Pertaining to under the skin.

Thoracotomy

Incision of the chest

Tachypnea

Term for breathing fast.

Bradypnea

Term for breathing slow.

Tuberculosis

Infectious disease that produces small lesions in the lungs

Pericardium

Outer layer around the heart.

Atrium

Top chamber of the heart.

Ventricle

Lower chamber of the heart.

Interventricular Septum

Structure that separates the ventricles.

Atherosclerosis

Abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries caused by fatty plaque.

Venule

A small vein.

Arterioles

Small arteries.

Capillaries

System of vessels that connect the arteriole to the veins.

Osteoarthritis

Inflammation of the bones and joints.

Histologist

Specialist in the study of tissues.

Echocardiogram

Picture of the heart using reflected sound.

Hidrorrhea

The flow of sweat.

Hyperhidrosis

An abnormal condition of an excessive amount of sweat.

Diaphoresis

Excessive Sweating.

Steatadenoma

Tumor of sebaceous (oil) gland.

Keratosis

Abnormal condition of hard or horny skin.

Sudoriferous glands

Sweat glands.

Trichophagia

Eating or swallowing of hair.

Onychomycosis

Abnormal condition of nail caused by fungus.

Onychomalacia

Softening of the nails.

Schizonychia

Condition of split nails.

Leukocytopenia

An inadequate amount of WBC's.

Aerotherapy

Treatment of a disease using air.

Pneumonorrhagia

A bursting forth (hemorrhage) of the lung.

Orthopnea

Able to breathe better when standing or sitting.

Nasopharyngitis

Inflammation of the nose and pharynx.

Pharyngoplasty

Surgical repair of the pharynx.

Laryngocele

A herniation of the larynx.

Tracheopyosis

An abnormal condition of pus forming in the trachea.

Sinistrocardia

Displacement of the heart to the left.

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