ENG4U Poetry Test

111 terms by crazyshin

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Alliteration

Starting a series of words with the same consonant sounds

Assonance

The repetition of the same vowel sounds.

Onomatopoeia

A figure of speech in which a word resembles the sound that the word represents

Metaphor

Identifying one object with another and transferring the first object with qualities of the other

Simile

A comparison using "like" or "as"

Hyperbole

An exaggeration or overstatement

Pun

A play on words based on similarity of sound with different meanings: Lord of the Fries

Double Entendre

A deliberately ambiguous statement one of whose possible meanings is risque or suggestive some impropriety

Irony

A recognition of reality which is different from appearance

Satire

A literary manner that blends a critical attitude with humour and with for the purpose of improving human institutions or humanity: a biting form of irony

Euphemism

an inoffensive word or expression substituted for one that is though to be offensive or taboo to pass away [croak].

Metonymy

One term can be substituted for another: crown for royalty

Syneodoche

A part that signifies the whole:
a) word that represents a part of something, but is used to stand for the whole of that thing
b) A word that represents a whole of something, but is used to stand for a part of that thing:

Sonnet

A type of lyric poem comprised of 14 lines

Oxymoron

A self-contradictory combination of words

Paradox

A phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well founded or true "youth is wasted on the young"

Personification

Endowing animals, ideas, abstractions, and inanimate objects with human form, character or sensibilities

Inversion

Turning around the normal word order for literary effect

Antithesis

A figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words or ideas: man proposes, God disposes. It is a balancing of one term against another for emphasis

Parallelism

The arrangement of words or word groups that have different words slotted into the same position in order: for both to remain of equal importance

Allegory

A form of an extended metaphor where objects, persons, or actions are equated with meanings that lie outside or the narrative or verse

Analogy

A comparison of two things, alike in certain aspects, by using something unfamiliar and explaining it by comparing it to something familiar

Free Verse

Poetry that is based on an irregular rhyme scheme or patterns

Allusion

A figure of speech that makes a brief reference to a historical or literary figure, events, or object.

Connotation

In addition to the literal meaning of a word.

Denotation

The literal meaning of a word

Rhetorical Question

A question intended for its persuasive effect and not requiring a reply

Foot

A unit used to measure the rhythm in verse

Metre

Re-occurrence in poetry of a rhythmic pattern or the rhythm established by the regular or almost regular occurrence of similar units of sound patterns

Scansion

System of describing conventional poetic rhythm

Stanza

Division of two or more lines of a poem

Image

A literal or concrete representation of a sensory experience or of an object

Symbol

Something that is itself, yet stands for or suggests or means something else. It is often a concrete object intended to represent an abstract concept

Syncope

Omission of a syllable to keep accentual syllabic forms: ev'ry for every

Epigram

Any pithy, pointed, and concise saying: "Only those deserving of scorn are apprehensive of it"

Lyric

Brief poem often marked by imagination, melody, emotion and a unified impression

Ode

Long lyrical expression that is very often addressed to something or someone, and it is very celebratory in nature

Metaphysical Conceit

Highly ingenious concept using very different images and comparing them to make relations when otherwise there are none.

Consonance

Repetition of the same consonant words

End-stop

To stop at the end of the line in verse

Enjambment

A run-on-line for emphasis and breaks the rhythmical pattern

Couplet

Two lines of verse with similar end rhymes

Dramatic Irony

A contrast between what a character says and what a reader knows it true

Parody

A composition imitating another, usually serious. It is designed to ridicule in a humorous fashion, or to criticise by brilliant treatment, an original piece of work or its author

Elegy

Sustained formal poem of a poet's medications on death or another

Syntax

Word order- how sentences are broken up grammatically

Pathetic Fallacy

Giving nature human feelings and when nature corresponds to human emotion

Holy Sonnets X

Death, be not proud, though some have called thee
Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so;

Holy Sonnets X

For those, whom though think'st thou dost overthrow,
Die not, poor Death, nor yet canst though kill me.

Holy Sonnets X

From rest and sleep, which but thy picture[s] be,
Much pleasure, then from thee much more must flow,

Holy Sonnets X

And soonest our best men with thee do go,
Rest of their bones, and soul's delivery.

Holy Sonnets X

Thou'rt slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men,
And dost with poison, war, and sickness dwell

Holy Sonnets X

And poppy, or charms can make us sleep as well,
And better than thy stroke; why swell'st though then?

Holy Sonnets X

One short sleep past, we wake eternally,
And death shall be no more; Death, thou shalt die.

Holy Sonnets X

John Donne

John Donne

Holy Sonnets X

A Poison Tree

William Blake

William Blake

A Poison Tree

A Poison Tree

I was angry with my friend:
I told my wrath, my wrath did end.

A Poison Tree

I was angry with my foe:
I told it not, my wrath did grow

A Poison Tree

And I water'd it in fears,
Night & morning with my tears;

A Poison Tree

And I sunned it with smiles,
And with soft deceitful wiles

A Poison Tree

And it grew both day and night,
Till it bore an apple bright;

A Poison Tree

And my foe beheld it shine,
And he knew that it was mine,

A Poison Tree

And into my garden stole
When the night had veil'd the pole:

A Poison Tree

In the morning glad I see
My foe outstrech'd beneath the tree

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

John Donne

John Donne

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

As virtuous men pass mildly away,
And whisper to their souls, to go,

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

So let us melt, and make no noise,
No tear-floods, not sigh-tempest move;

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Moving of th' earth brings harms and fears;
Men reckon what it did, and meant;

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Dull sublunary lovers' love
(whose soul is sense) cannot admit

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

But we by a love so much refin'd
That ourselves know not what it is,

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Our two souls therefore, which are one,
though I must go, endure not yet

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

If they be two, they are two so
As stiff twin compasses are two;

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

And though it in the centre sit,
Yet when the other far doth roam,

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Such wilt thou be to me, who must
Like th' other foot, obliquely run;

To His Coy Mistress

Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell

To His Coy Mistress

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Thy firmness makes my circle just,
And makes me end, where I begun

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

It leans, and hearkens after it,
And grows erect, as that comes home

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Thy soul, the fix'd foot, makes no show
To move, but doth, if the' other do

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

A breach, but an expansion
Like gold to airy thinness beat.

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Inter-assured of the mind,
Care less, eyes, lips and hands to miss

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

Absence, because it doth remove
Those things which elemented it.

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

But trepidation of the spheres,
Through greater far, is innocent

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

'twere profanation of our joys
To tell the laity our love

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning

whilst some of their sad friends do say,
"The breath goes now," and some say, "no:"

To His Coy Mistress

Had we but world enough, and time,
This coyness, lady, were no crime.

To His Coy Mistress

We would sit down and think which way
To walk, and pass our long love's day;

To His Coy Mistress

Thou by the Indian Gange's side
Shouldst rubies find; I by the tide

To His Coy Mistress

Of Humber would complain. I would
Love you ten years before the Flood;

To His Coy Mistress

And you should, if you please, refuse
Till the conversation of the Jews

To His Coy Mistress

My vegetable love should grow
Vaster than empires, and more slow.

To His Coy Mistress

An hundred years should go to praise
Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze;

To His Coy Mistress

Two hundred to adore each breast,
But thirty thousand to the rest;

To His Coy Mistress

An age at least to every part,
And the last age should know your heart.

To His Coy Mistress

For, lady, you deserve this state,
Nor would I love at lower rate.

To His Coy Mistress

But at my back I always hear
Time's winged chariot hurrying near

To His Coy Mistress

And yonder all before us lie
Deserts of vast eternity

To His Coy Mistress

Thy beauty shall no more be found,
Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound

To His Coy Mistress

My echoing song; then worms shall try
That long preserv'd virginity,

To His Coy Mistress

And your quaint honour turn to dust,
And into ashes all my lust.

To His Coy Mistress

The grave's a fine and private place.
But none I think do there embrace

To His Coy Mistress

Now therefore, while the youthful hue
Sits on thy skin like morning dew,

To His Coy Mistress

And while thy willing soul transpires
At every pore with instant fires,

To His Coy Mistress

Now let us sport us while we may;
And now, like am'rous birds of prey,

To His Coy Mistress

Rather at once our time devour,
Than languish in his slow-chapp'd power.

To His Coy Mistress

Let us roll all our strength, and all
Our sweetness, up into one ball;

To His Coy Mistress

And tear our pleasures with rough strife
Thorough the iron gates of life.

To His Coy Mistress

Thus, though we cannot make our sun
Stand still, yet we will make him run.

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