Greek philosopher who viewed mind as seperable from the body and continuing after death.
A student of Plato who derived principles from careful observations and data. He believed that "The soul is NOT seperable from the body, and the same holds good of particular parts of the soul."
Also believed knowledge is NOT pre-existing.
wrote about how the condition of the body influences the mind, and ho9w the mind influences the body.
Frenchman who studied human behavior by dissecting animals.
Agreed with Socrates and Plato about the mind's being "entirely distinct from the body" and able to survive its death.
Englishmen who became one of the founders of modern science.
Based theories on experiment, experience, and common-sense judgement.
British political philosopher who believed that mind at is a blank slate- a "white paper"- upon which experience writes.
the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment.
Established the first psychology labratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany
Introduced by Titchener; an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind.
assumed thinking was developed because it was adaptive- it contributed to our ancestors' survival.
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
the first woman to recieve a Ph.D in psychology; she synthesized the animal behavior research in "The Animal Mind"
Mary Whiton Calkins
became a pioneering memory researcher and American Psychological Association president, was mentored by William James.
the science of behavior and mental processes.
the longstanding controversy over relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Supported by Charles Darwin
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems