economic system; central government directs all major economic decisions
freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation
conflict between the US and Soviet Union; nations never confronted each other on battlefield; deadly threats went on for years
Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states; existed from 1922 to 1991
during Cold War, imaginary boundary separating communist nations of Eastern Europe from democratic nations of Western Europe
airlift in 1948; supplied food and fuel to citizens of West Berlin when Russians closed off access to Berlin.
Soviet Union built a barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin (1961); stopped the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany; torn down in 1989.
conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea; United Nations (led by US) helped South Korea.
deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other
formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim
organization formed in 1949 as a military alliance of western European and North American states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies.
term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy; led the search for communists in America during the 1950s
person who is head of state, such as in the Soviet Union
Cold war competition between the US and Soviet Union to build up their armed forces and weapons
Cuban Missile Crisis
brink-of-war confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over the the USSR's placement of nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba.
war filled with bombs and nuclear weapons; no winner; only winning move is not to fight it
Viet Nam War
war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam and China and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were aided by the US and NATO
agreement to stop fighting a war