Anatomy - Arteries of the Upper and Lower Extremities

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The brachial cephalic artery is a branch of?

Arch of the Aorta

The left common carotid artery is a branch of

Arch of the Aorta

The left subclavian is a branch of?

Arch of the Aorta

What is the branch of the Arch of the Aorta that provides blood supply to the left upper extremity?

Left Subclavian Artery

What branch of the Arch of the Aorta provides blood supply to the right upper extremity?

Brachiocephalic Artery

What is the alternate name for the brachio cephalic artery?

Innominate Artery

What branch of the arch of the aorta provides blood supply to the left side of the head and neck

Left Common Carotid

What is the landmark found between the subclavian artery and the axillary artery?

Lateral border of the first rib

What is the landmark found between the axillary artery and the brachial artery?

Teres Major Muscle

Which vessel is the medial branch of the two vessels formed from the bifurcation of the brachial artery?

Ulnar Artery

Which vessel is the lateral branch of the two vessels formed from the bifurcation of the brachial artery?

Radial Artery

What are the vessels in the palms of the hands that form loops which anastomosize between the radial and ulnar arteries?

Deep Polmar Arteries

What is the alternate name for the palmar arch?

Volar Arch

What is the vessel that is the terminal contiuation of the radial artery into the palm of the hand?

Deep Palmar

What is the vessel that is the terminal contiuation of the ulnar artery into the palm of the hand?

Superficial Artery

What are the branches of the deep palmar and superficial palmar arches that provide the blood supply to the fingers?

Digital Arteries

What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to the anterior chest wall and breasts?

Internal Thoracic

What is the alternate name for the internal thoracic artery?

Internal Mammary

What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to parts of the spinal chord, the brain stem, and ends by uniting with its pair at the base of the brain?

Vertebral Artery

What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to the thyroid gland and neck?

Thyro Cervical Trunk

What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to the to the first and second posterior intercostals spaces and muscles of the neck?

Costo Cervical Trunk

The Thoraco Acromial Artery is a branch of ?

Axillary Artery

The lateral Thoracic Artery is a branch of?

Axillary Artery

The Subscapular Artery is a branch of?

Axillary Artery

The Poterior Humeral Circumflex Artery is a branch of?

Axillary Artery

What is the name of the branch of the brachial artery?

Deep Brachial

What is the latin name for the deep brachial?

Brachial Profundus

At its inferior end which two vessels does the abdominal aorta bifurcate into?

Right & Left Common Iliacs

What is the name of the landmark found between the external iliac artery and the femoral artery?

Ingunal ligament

What is another name for the ingunal ligament?

Poupart's Ligament

What two vessels do the common iliac arteries bifurcate into?

Internal & External Iliacs

What is another name for the internal iliac artery?

Hypogastric Artery

The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the common iliac artery which provides the blood supply to the pelvic cavity and its contents is?

Internal Iliac Artery

The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the common iliac artery which continues into the lower extremity as the femoral artery is?

External Iliac Artery

The branches of the internal iliac arteries which are involved only in fetal circulation are?

Umbilical Arteries

The femoral artery has three branches - name the pair that provide blood supply to the hip-joint?

Medial & Lateral Femoral Circumflex Arteries

The femoral artery has three branches - name the branch that runs parallel and deep to the femoral artery?

Deep Femoral

What is the Latin name for the deep femoral artery?

Femoral Profundus

What is the landmark found between the femoral artery and the popliteal artery?

Adductor Magnus Muscle

The continuation of the femoral artery is called?

Popliteal Artery

What are the branches of the popliteal artery providing the blood supply to the area about the knee?

Genicular Arteries

Just below the knee the popliteal artery bifurcates into what two vessels?

Anterior & Posterior Tibial Arteries

What vessel arises from the bifurcation of the popliteal artery which provides the blood supply to the bottom of the foot?

Posterior Tibial

What vessel arises from the bifurcation of the popliteal artery which provides the blood supply to the top of the foot

Anterior Tibial

What branch of the posterior tibial artery provides the blood supply for the muscles of the calf of the leg?

Peroneal

What is the name of the continuation of the anterior tibial artery at the top of the foot?

Dorsalis Pedis

What is the alternate name for the dorsalis pedis artery?

Great Dorsal

What is the continuation of the dorsalis pedis artery on the foot that curves across behind the toes?

Arcuate Artery

What are the branches of the arcuate artery that provide the blood supply for the toes?

Digital Arteries

What are the terminal branches of the posterior tibial artery at the bottom of the foot

Medial & Lateral Plantar Arteries

What are the branches of the plantar arches that provide the blood supply for the toes?

Digital Arteries

What is another name for the right atrio ventricular valve?

Tricuspid

What are two other names for the left atrio ventricular valve?

Bicuspid & Mitral

What are the blood cells responsible for fighting infections?

White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)

What blood cells contain hemoglobin?

Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)

What is the chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation begins?

Right Ventricle

What is the chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation ends?

Left Atrium

What is the chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends?

Right Atrium

What is the chamber of the heart where systemic circulation begins?

Left Ventricle

Which blood cells are involved with phagocytosis?

White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)

Which blood cells are most closely associated with clotting?

Platelets (Thrombocytes)

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