a file which contains one or more spreadsheets.
an arrangement of cells in columns and rows used to organize, analyze, calculate, and report information, usually in numerical form.
individual locations on a spreadsheet.
refers to one specific location, such as A4.
refers to a group of adjacent cells, such as A4:A16.
refers to all of the contents in a vertical range of cells of the spreadsheet.
refers to all of the contents in a horizontal range of cells.
classified according to its intended purpose.
used for cells that contain text or for numbers that will not be used in calculations.
indicates that the data has the potential to be used in calculations.
instructs the software to perform a calculation.
Order of Operations
Calculations are performed according to this
a shortcut for a formula.
indicates a cell's location and provides instructions for how cell data is copied or used in calculations.
Relative Cell Reference
cell value changes as the formula is copied
Absolute Cell Reference
cell value remains static when copied to other locations
Mixed Cell Reference
combination of an absolute and a relative cell
control the Order of Operations
adds the range of cells
determines the average of the range of cells
finds the highest number in the range of cells
finds the lowest number in the range of cells