Social Science Competency

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FTCE Subject Area Exam Social Science

Historic Causation

Historical events are related by cause & effect.

Columbus landing in the New World

1492-1504
King & Queen of Spain funded his expeditions.
Four voyages.
Discovered Bahamas, Hispaniola, Cuba, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Central America, & South America.

French & Indian War

1754-1763
Extension of European Seven Years War.
Ended French influence in N. America.
Weakened rapport with Native American.

American Revolutionary War

1775-1783
a.k.a American War of Independence
13 Colonies fought for self governance

13 Original Colonies

MA, RI, CT, NH, NY, NJ, PA, DE, GA, MD NC, SC, VA

Treaty of Paris

Sept. 3, 1783
Signed treaty ending Revolutionary war in which Britain recognized U.S. a free.

Declaration of Independence

1776
Statement written by T. Jefferson and adopted by Second Continental Congress announcing that states regard themselves as independent.

Industrial Revolution

1830's
Period characterized by transition from manual labor to the use of machines.

Civil War

1861-1865
Conflict between the Union and the Confederacy.
Ended slavery, restored the union, and strengthened role of fed government.

Emancipation Proclamation

Jan. 1, 1863
Abe Lincoln used his war power to issue executive order proclaiming freedom of slaves in 10 states in rebellion.

Thirteenth Amendment

Adopted Dec. 6, 1865
Outlawed slavery & involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime.

Westward Expansion

1807-1912
Louisiana Purchase
Pres. Andrew Jackson - indians to reservations

Louisiana Purchase

1803, Purchase of Midwest for ($15 mil) from France

World War I

1914-1918
Initiated by Austria-Hungary & Serbia
Two millitary alliances fought:
Entente (Allied) Powers & Central Powers

World War II

1939-1945
Two opposing military forces: Allies & Axis Powers
Attack on Pearl Harbor pulled US into war.

Korean War

1950-1953
Korea divided into communist North & American-occupied South
No resolution; Country remains divided
Peace Treaty at Panmunjom ended war.

Civil Rights Act

1964
Outlawed racial segregation
voided Jim Crow laws

Jim Crow laws

State & local laws mandating all public facilities in Southern states racially segregated.

Vietnam War

U.S. involvement 1959-1975
Case-Church Amendment ended U.S. military involvement
S. Vietnam fell in 1975 and VN was unified

Persian Gulf War

Iraq vs. coalition formce
Purpose - Liberate Kuwait& expel Iraqi forces.

Operation Desert Storm

Name for US land & air operations in Gulf War.

Nicolaus Copernicus

First astronomer to place sun at center of universe. 1473-1543

Alexander the Great

King of Macedonia, 336 BC
Conquered Persian Empire; founded Alexandria, Egypt;

Galileo Galilei

Father of Modern Science
Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher
improved telescope

Isaac Newton

Defined gravity & laws of motion
English

Amerigo Vespucci

1497-1503
Sailed to West Indies & S. America

John Cabot

Explored Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Labrador
1497-1498

Vasco da Gama

Traveld around Africa's Cape of Good Hope to West Indies

Vasco de Balboa

Led expedition across Panama.
Found Pacific Orcean

Juan Ponce de Leon

Explored Florida looking for Fountain of Youth.

Ferdinand Magellan

Circumnavigated the globe.

Hernando Cortez

Conquered Aztecs.
1519-1521

Francisco Pizarro

Conquered Peru
1523-1535

Jacques Cartier

Traveled St. Lawrence River

Hernando de Soto

American SE
Discovered Mississippi River

Francisco Vazques de Coronado

Explored SW

Sir Frances Drake

1577-1580
Englishman sailed around word
Defeated Spanish Armada
Claimed CA for England

Samuel de Champlain

Explored east coast & St. Lawrence River to Lake Huron
Reached Lake Champlain

Henry Hudson

Explored Hudson Bay, Hudson River, Hudson Strait

Native American tribe that initially inhabited FL?

Timicuan

Who named Florida?

Juan Ponce de Leon
1513

Which countries established settlements in FL in 1500's & 1600's?

French, Spanish, & English

What was the capital of the British (East FL colony) and Spanish (West FL colony)?

St. Augustine

When did FL become a state?

1845.
27th State

Six essential elements of Geography

1) World in Spatial terms (location)
2) Places & Regions
3) Physical Systems (processes that change and shape the Earth)
4) Human Systems (people)
5) Environment & Society (Interaction)
6) Uses of geography

Prime Meridian

Vertical imaginary line dividing earth in eastern & western halves

Three Branches of Government

Legislative, Judicial, Executive

Article I of US Constitution

Established Congress
legislative branch

Article II of US Constitution

Establishes that Pres. and Vice Pres. lead country and military, appoints justices, and can veto rulings made by Congress.

Article III of US Constitution

Established that Supreme Courty can determine established laws to be unconstitutional

U.S. District Courts

Trial Courts in States. Hears all federal civil and criminal cases. 94 judicial districts in US.

U.S. Court of Appeals

One court for each of the 12 regional circuits. Hears appeals from courts within its district.

Supreme Court

Highest court of appeals in US. Has 1 chief justice and 8 associates justices appointed by President. Judicial review.

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