Sucession of single tones or pitches perceieved by the mind as a unity.
The overall shape of a melodic line. It can move upward, downward or remain static.
Distance between the lowest and highest tones of a melody, an instrument or a voice.
Distance and relationship between two pitches.
Smooth, connected melody that moves principally by small intervals.
Disjointed or disconnected melody with many leaps.
Musical unit, often a component of a melody.
Resting place in a musical phrase, music punctuation.
An accompanying melody sounded against the principal melody.
The controlled movement of music in time.
Organization of rhythm in time, the grouping of beats into larger, regular patterns, notated as measures.
Rhythmic group or metrical unit that contains a fixed number of beats, divided on the musical staff by bar lines.
Regular pulsation, a basic unit of length in musical time.
First beat of the measure, the stronges in any meter.
Grouping of rhythms in which the beat is subdivided into two, as in duple, triple and qudraple meters.
Meter in which each beat is subdivided into three rather than two.
Last beat of a measure, a weak beat, which anticipates the downbeat.
A weak beat or any pulse between the beast in a measured rhythmic pattern.
Deliberate upsetting of the meter or pulse through a temporary shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat.
The simultaneous use of several meters, common in twentieth-century music and in certain African musics.
Patterns of beats that subdivide into smaller, irregular groups (eg, 2+3+2+3 = 10), common in certain Eastern European musics.
Music lacking a strong sense of beat or meter, common in certain non-Western cultures.
The simultaneous combination of notes and the ensuing relationships of intervals and chords.
Simultaneous combination of three or more tones that constitute a single block of harmony.
Series of tones in ascending or descending order, may present the notes of a key.
Common chord type, consisting of three pitches built on alternate tones of the scale.
The first note of a scale or key.
Principle of organization around a tonic, or home, pitch, based on a major or minor scale.
Combination of tones that sounds discordant and unstable, in need of resolution.
Concordant or harmonious combination of tones that provide a sense of relaxation and stability in music.
Sustained sounding of one or several tones for harmonic support, a common feature of some folk musics.
The interweaving of melodic (horizontal) and harmonic (vertical) elements in the musical fabric.
Single line texture, or melody without accompaniment.
Texture in which two or more voices (or parts) elaborate the same melody simultaneously, often the result of improvisation.
Two or more melodic lines combined into a multivoiced texture, as distinct from monophonic.
The art of combining in a single texture two or more melodic lines.
Texture with principle melody and accompanying harmony, as distinct from polyphony.
Texture in which all voices or lines, move together in the same rhythm.
Melodic idea presented in one voice and then restated in another, each part continuing as others enter.
Type of polyphonic composition in which one musical line strictly imitates another at a fixed distance.
Perpetual canon at the unision in which each voice enter in succession with the same melody. (eg. row-row-row your boat)
Structure and design in music, based on reptition, contrast and variation, the organizing principle of music.
Song structure in which the same music is repeated with every stanza of the poem.
Creation of a musical composition while it is being perfromed, seen in Baroque ornamentation, cadenzas of concertos, jazz and some non- Western musics.
Two part (A-B) form with each section normally repeated.
Three part (A-B-A) form based on a statement (A), contrast or departure (B) and repetition (A).
Melodic idea used as a basic building block in the construction of a composition.
Short melodic or rhythmic idea, the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-haromic-rhythmic unit.
Restatement of an idea or motive at different pitch levels.
Singing, especially in Gregorian chat, in which a soloist or a group of soloists alternates with the choir.
A short melodic, rhythmic or harmonic pattern that is repeated throughout a work or a section of one.
Complete, self-contained part within a larger musical work.
Rate or speed of the music.
Element of musical expression relating to the degree of loudness or softness, or volume, of a sound.
The sound quality of instruments.
Instruments that produce sound by using air.
Instruments that produce sound by vibrating string stretched between two points.
Instruments that produce sound from the instrument itself.
Drum - type instruments that are sounded from tightly stretched membranes.