bones of the skull and the ribs
cartilage found at the end of long bones to decrease friction at joint surfaces
cells found in osseous tissue that are mature bone cells
the first to form when a break occurs in a bone
-It functions in mineral homeostasis.
-It functions in support and protection.
-It is the site of blood cell formation.
FALSE: Bone is one of the four main tissue types.
is a fibrous joint between bones of the fetal skull
A smooth, smallish, nearly flat surface on a bone
Spaces found within some bones of the skull that decrease the weight of the bone are called
Amount of bones that make up the cranium
-One articulates with the occipital bone superiorly.
-They have holes in the transverse processes.
-The first cervical vertebra is also called the atlas bone.
FALSE: There are eight cervical vertebrae.
Together the clavicle and scapula bones form the
The tibia is found in the
-The radius is the lateral bone of the antebrachial region.
-The tibia articulates with the femur, fibula, and the tarsals.
-The bones of the pelvis (or os coxae) are included in this division of the skeleton.
FALSE: The sacrum is part of this division of the skeleton.
bone of the upper extremities
a synovial joint
A joint found at the ends of long bones that are moveable, and contains a joint cavity
The elbow joint would be considered a type of
defined as a highly movable joint
Joints can be classified in one of two ways. Functional joints are classified according to
the amount of movement that can occur at the joint
condition that causes a gradual weakening and decrease in bone mass
The first "long bones" that develop in a very young fetus are formed of
abnormal spinal curvature condition
In an OSTEON, bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called
Tissues that contain a blood supply, lacunae and canaliculi, are known as
Which structure is contained within the lacuna of living bone
The bones that make up the forehead are known as the ______ bones
Which of the following bones are components of the axial skeleton
Skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage
The only diarthrotic (freely moveable) bone in the skull is the
The cell type that is responsible for basic bone formation is the
The foramen magnum is present in the _______ bone
The functional cell type that is found in mature compact bone is the
The glenoid cavity is located where the
humerus articulates with the scapula
The hard palate is composed of the _______ and _______ bones
The joint between the parietal bones and the occipital bone is called the
The mandibular bone articulates with the
The mastoid process is part of the _______ bone
The pectoral girdle is composed of the following structures
scapula and clavicle
The anatomical term for the "breast bone" is the
True ribs are attached to the _______ vertebrae
The sagittal suture is located between the _______ and _______ bones
left parietal; right parietal
Which of the following bones contains the external auditory meatus
The metacarpophalangeal joints are examples of which type of synovial joint, based on shape
Condyloid joint - does everything except rotate
The intercarpals of the wrist are examples of which type of synovial joint, based on shape
plane joint - only slipping or gliding movements are allowed
In a typical long bone, spongy bone is found in the __________
In embryos, the skeleton is primarily made of _______, but in the adult, most of the skeleton is _______
hyaline cartilage; bone
Name the canals that, in dense bone, are the communication from the outside of the bone to its interior central canals
Volkmann's (perforating) canals
Single vertebrae are separated by _______, which cushion the vertebrae and absorb shocks
The _______ bones form the lateral portion of the eye orbits, are lateral to the nose, and articulate with the maxillae
Which of the following statements regarding bone formation, growth, and remodeling is/are false
When blood calcium levels drop below homeostatic levels, the parathyroid glands release PTH, a hormone which activates osteoblasts in bones
The ___ bone is inferior to the mandible, superior to the larynx and does not articulate directly with any other bone
The coronoid process, olecranon process and trochlear notch are all found on the
The coxal bones (ossa coxae) make up the
The spinal curvatures in the _______ and _______ regions are referred to as primary curvatures because they are present when we are born
The true ribs
attach directly to the sternum by costal cartilages
What are the names of the two types of bone tissue
Compact and spongy
Which bone contains a neck, the greater trochanter and gluteal tuberosity
Which of the following are paired bones found in the cranium
Parietal and temporal
Which of the following bones is NOT a part of the axial skeleton
Which of the following bones has an acromion process and a coracoid process
Which of the following structures is a part of the ethmoid bone
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the cervical vertebrae
Presence of facets for ribs
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a synovial joint
Which of the following is NOT a function of bone
Breakdown of proteins into amino acids
Bones form the internal framework that supports the body and cradles its soft organs