CDL - Hazardous Materials: Section 9 - Oregon

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Study Aid for Test

What is the Intent of the Regulations

1. Contain the Material
2. Communicate the Risk
3. Assure Safe Drivers and Equipment

Hazardous Materials Transportation: Who involved ?

1. The Shipper
2. The Carrier
3. The Driver

What is the Shipper Responsible for:

-Sends products from one place to another by truck, rail, vessel, or airplane.
- Uses the hazardous materials regulations to determine the products's:
Proper Shipping Name
Hazard Class
Identification Number

What else is the Shipper Responsible for:

Packing Group
Correct Packaging
Correct Label and Markings
Correct Placards

What else is the Shipper responsible for:

Must package, mark, and label the materials: prepare shipping papers; provide emergency response information; and supply placards.

What else is the Shipper responsible for:

To certifiy on the shipping paper that the shipment has been prepared according to the rules (unless you are pulling cargo tanks supplied by you or your employer).

What is the Carrier Responsible for:

1. Takes the shipment from the shipper to its destination.

What is else is the Carrier to do:

2. Prior to transportation, checks that the shipper correctly described, marked, labeled, and otherwise prepared the shipment for transportation.

What else is the Carrier to do:

3. Refuses improper shipments
4. Reports accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials to the proper government agency.

What is the Driver responsible to do:

1. Makes sure the shipper has identified, marked, and labeled the hazardous materials properly.
2. Refuses leaking packages and shipments.
3. Placards his vehicle when loading, if required.

What else is the Driver responsible for

4. Safely transports the shipment without delay.
5. Follows all special rules about transporting hazardous materials.
6. Keeps hazardous materials shipping papers and emergency response information in the proper place.

Shipping Papers

A shipping paper describes the hazardous materials being transported. Shipping orders, bills of lading, and manifests are all shipping papers.

In case of an accident the rules require:

Shippers to describe hazardous materials correctly and include an emergency response telephone number on shipping papers

In case of an accident the rules require:

Carriers and drivers to quiickly identify hazardous materials shipping papers, or keep them on top of other shipping papers and keep the required emergency response information with the shipping papers.

In case of an accident the rules require:

Drivers to keep hazardous materials shipping papers:
- In a pouch on the driver's door, or
- In clear view within immediate reach when the seat belt is fasted while driving, or
- On the driver's seat when out of the vehicle.

Package Labels

Shippers put diamond-shaped hazard warning labels on most hazardous materials packages. These labels inform others of the hazard. If diamond label won't fit shippers may put a label on a tag and securely attached to the package.

Lists of Regulated Products - Communication

Placards- are used to warn others of hazardous materials. They are 10 3/4 inches square. They are put on all four sides of the vehicle. And must be readable.

Identification Numbers - Communication

Identification numbers are a four-digit code used by first responders to identify hazardous materials. A identification number may be used to identify more than one chemical. The letters "NA" or "UN" will precede the identification number.

The Item Description

If a shipping paper describes both hazardous and non-hazardous products product's, the hazardous materials will be either:
- described first
- Highlighted in a contrasting color.
- identified by an "X" placed before the shipping name in a column captioned "HM". The letters "RQ" may be used instead of "X" if a re-portable quantity is present in one package.

More on the Item Description

The basic description of hazaardous materials include the proper shipping name, hazard class or division, the identification number, and the packing group, if any, in that order. The packing group is displayed in Roman numberaqls and may be preceded by "PG".

More on the Item Descriptoin

The descrjiption must also show:
1. The total quantity and unit of measure.
2. The letters RQ, if a reportable quantity.

More on the Item Descriptoin

3. If the letters RQ appear, the name of the hazardous substance.
4. For all materials with the letter "G" (Generic) in Column 1, the technical name of the hazardous material.

Shipping papers must list:

1. The emergency response telephone number, and is the responsibility of the shipper.
2. Emergency response information to the motor carrier for each hazardous material being shipped.

Shipping papers must list:

3. The total quantity must appear before or after the basic description.
4. The shipper of hazardous wastes must put the word WASTE before the proper shipping name of the material on the shipping paper (hazardous waste manifest).

Regarding Non-hazardous material

Non-hazardous material may not be described by using a hazard class or an identification number.

Shipper's Certification

The Shipper certifies that the hazardous materials have been prepared by the rules. The signature appears on the shipping papers.
Only Exception: Shipper is a private carrier transporting there own product in a cargo tank.

Package Markings and Labels

Shippers print required markings directly on the package, and attached label, or tag. An important package marking is the name of the hazardous materials. The requirements for marking vary by package size and material being transported.

More regarding Package Marking

When required, the shipper will put the following on the package:
The name and address of shipper or consignee.
The hazardous material's shipping name and identification number.
The labels required.

Recognizing Hazardous Materials

Learn to recognize shipments of hazardous materials. Look for the following:
Does it have:

1. An entry with a proper shipping name, hazard class, and identification number?
2. A highlighted entry or one with an X or RQ in the hazardous materials column?

More recognizing hazardous materials

Other clues suggesting hazardous materials:
1. What business is the shipper in? Paint dealer? Chemical supply? Scientific supply house? Pest control or agricultural supplier? Explosives, munitions, or fireworks dealer?

More recognizing hazardous materials

Are there tanks with diamond labels or placards on the premises?
What type of package is being ship pied ? Cylinders and drums are often used for hazardous materials shipments.
Is a hazard class label, proper shipping name , or identification number on the package?
Are there any handling precautions?

Hazardous Waste Manifest

When transporting hazardous wastes, you must sign by hand and arty a Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest. The name and EPA registration number of the shippers, carriers, and distinction must appear on the manifest. Shippers must prepare, date, and sign by hand the manifest. Treat the manifest as a shipping paper when transporting the waste.

Hazardous Waste Manifest continued

Only give the waste shipment to another registered carrier or disposal/treatment facility. Each carrier transporting the shipment must sign by hand the manifest. After you deliver the shipment, keep your copy of the manifest. Each copy must have all needed signatures and dates, including those of the person to whom you delivered the waste.

Placard Table 1: If Your Vehicle Contains Any Amount Of........

1.1 Mass Explosives

Placard as....

Explosive 1.1

Placard Table 1: If Your Vehicle Contains Any Amount Of........

1.2 Project Hazards

Placard as....

Explosives 1.2

Placard Table 1: if your vehicle contains any amount of........

1.3 Mass Fire Hazards

Placard as...

Explosive 1.3

Placard Table 1: if your vehicle contains any amount of........

2.3 Poisonous/Toxic Gases

Placard as...

Poison Gas

Placard Table 1: if your vehicle contains any amount of........

4.3 Dangerous When Wet

Placard as...

Dangerous When Wet

Placard Table 1: if your vehicle contains any amount of........

5.2 (Organic Peroxide, Type B, liquid or solid Temperature controlled)

Placard as...

Organic Peroxide

Placard Table 1: if your vehicle contains any amount of........

6.1 (Inhalation hazard zone A & B only)

Placard as...

Poison/toxic inhalation

Placard Table 1: if your vehicle contains any amount of........

7 (Radioactive Yellow III label only)

Placard as...

Radioactive

Category of Material
(Hazard class or division number and additional
description, as appropriate)

1.4 Minor Explosion

Placard Name

Explosive 1.4

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

1.5 Very Insensitive

Placard Name

Explosives 1.5

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

1.6 Extremely Insensitive

Placard Name

Explosives 1.6

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

2.1 Flammable Gases

Placard Name

Flammable Gases

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

2.2 Non-Flammable Gases

Placard Name

Non-Flammable Gasest

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

3 Flammable Liquids & Combustible Liquids

Placard Name

Flammable Combustible*

*Flammable may be used in place of a combustible on a cargo tank or portable tank.

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

4.1 Flammable Solids

Placard Name

Flammable Solid

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

4.2 Spontaneously Combustible

Placard Name

Spontaneously Combustible

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

5.1 Oxidizers

Placard Name

Oxidizer

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

5.2 (other than organic peroxide, Type B, liquid or solid, Temperature Controlled)

Placard Name

Organic Peroxide

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

6.1 (other than inhalation hazard zone A or B)

Placard Name

Poison

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

6.2 Infectious Substances

Placard Name

(None)

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

8 Corrosives

Placard Name

Corrosives

Category of Material (Hazard class or division number and additional description, as appropriate)

9 miscellaneous hazardous materials

Placard Name

Class 9**

**Class 9 placard is not required for domestic transportation

Subsection 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3
Test Your Knowledge

1. Shippers package in order to (fill in the blank ) the material

Contain the materials safely and for drivers to load, transport, and unload

Subsection 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3
Test Your Knowledge

2. Drivers placard their vehicle to (fill in the blank) the risk

Communicate

Subsection 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3
Test Your Knowledge

3. What three things do you need to know to decide which placards (if any) you need?

Material's hazard class
Amount being shipped
Amount of all hazardous materials of all classes on your vehicle

Subsection 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3
Test Your Knowledge

4. A hazardous materials identification number must appear on the (fill in the blank) and on the (fill in the blank). The identification number must also appear on cargo tanks and other bulk packaging.

1. Shipping Paper
2. The package

Subsection 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3
Test Your Knowledge

5. Where must you keep shipping papers describing hazardous materials?

In a pouch on the driver's door, or
In clear view within immediate reach when the seat belt is fastened while driving, or
On the driver's seat when out of the vehicle

Subsection 9.4: Test Your Knowledge

1. Around which hazard classes must you never smoke?

Class 1 - Explosives
Class 2.1 - Flammable Gases
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids
Class 4 - Flammable Solids
Class 5 - Oxidizers

Subsection 9.4: Test Your Knowledge

2. Which three hazard classes should not be loaded into a trailer that has a heater/air conditioner unit?

Class 1 - Explosives
Class 2.1 - Flammable Gases
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids

Subsection 9.4: Test Your Knowledge

3. Should the floor liner required for Division 1.1 or 1.2 materials be stainless steel?

NO

Subsection 9.4: Test Your Knowledge

4. At the shipper's dock you're given a paper for 100 cartons of battery acid. You already have 100 pounds of dry Silver Cyanide on board. What precautions do you have to take?

They cannot be loaded together.

Subsection 9.4: Test Your Knowledge

5. Name a hazard class that uses transport indexes to determine the amount that can be loaded in a single vehicle.

Class 7 - Radioactive Materials

Subsection 9.5: Test Your Knowledge

1. What are cargo tanks?

Cargo tanks are bulk packaging permanently attached to a vehicle. Cargo tanks remain on the vehicle when you load and unload them.

Subsection 9.5: Test Your Knowledge

2. How is a portable tank different from a cargo tank?

Cargo tanks are bulk packaging permanently attached to a vehicle. Cargo tanks remain on the vehicle when you load and unload them. Portable tanks are bulk packaging that are not permanently attached to a vehicle.

Subsection 9.5: Test Your Knowledge

3. Your engine runs a pump used during delivery of compressed gas. Should you turn off the engine before or after unhooking hoses after delivery?

If you use the engine, turn it off after product transfer, before you unhook the hose.

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

1. If your placarded trailer has dual tires, how often should you check the tires?

Check placarded vehicles with dual tires at the start of each trip and when you park. You must check the tires each time you stop.

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

2. What is a safe haven?

A safe haven is a approved place for parking unattended vehicles loaded with explosives. Designation of authorized safe havens is usually made by local authorities.

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

3. How close to the traveled part of the roadway can you park with Division 1.2 or 1.3 materials?

Within 5 feet of a the traveled part of the road

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

4. How close can you park to a bridge, tunnel, or building with the same load?

do not park within 300 feet of:

a bridge, tunnel, or building
a place where people gather
an open fire

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

5. What type of fire extinguisher must placarded vehicles carry?

The power unit of placarded vehicles must has a fire extinguisher with a UL rating of 10 B:C or more.

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

6. You're hauling 100 pounds of Division 4.3 (dangerous when wet) materials. Do you need to stop before a railroad-highway crossing?

Yes: Any amount of Division 4.3 requires a placard, and if you are placarded you have to stop at railroad crossings.

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge


7. At a rest area you discover your hazardous materials shipments slowly leaking from the vehicle. There is a no phone around. What should you do?

Park it. Secure the area. Stay there. Send someone else for help. When sending someone for help, give that person: A description of the emergency, Your exact location and direction of travel. Your name, the carrier's name, and the name of the community or city where your terminal is located. The proper shipping name, hazard class, and identification number of the hazardous materials, if you know them.

Subsection 9.6 and 9.7: Test Your Knowledge

8. What is the Emergency Response Guide (ERG)?

The Department of transportation has a guidebook for fire fighters, police, and industry workers on how to protect themselves and public from hazardous materials. The guide is indexed by proper shipping name and hazardous materials identification number.

Do Not Load Table - Segregation Table of Hazardous Materials
Division 6.1 or 2.3 (poison or poison inhalation hazard labeled material)

Animal or human food unless the poison package is over packed in an approved way. Foodstuffs are anything you swallow. However, mouthwash, toothpaste, and skin creams are not foodstuff.

Do Not Load Table - Segregation Table of Hazardous Materials
Division 2.3 (poisonous) gas Zone A or Division 6.1 (Poison) liquids, PGI, Zone A

Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 Explosives, Division 5.1 (oxidizers), Class 3 (Flammable liquids), Class 8 (Corrosive Liquids), Division5.2 (Organic Peroxides), Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 Explosives, Division 1.5 (Blasting Agents), Division 2.1 (Flammable Gases,), Class 4 (Flammable Solids)

Do Not Load Table - Segregation Table of Hazardous Materials
charged storage batateries

Division 1.1

Do Not Load Table - Segregation Table of Hazardous Materials
Class 1 (detonating primers)

Any other explosives unless in authorized containers or packages.

Do Not Load Table - Segregation Table of Hazardous Materials
Division 6.1 (Cyanides or cyanide mixtures).

Acids, corrosive materials, or other acidic materials which could release hydrocyanic acid
For example:
Cyanide, Inorganic, n.o.s.
Silver Cyanide
Sodium Cyanide

Do Not Load Table - Segregation Table of Hazardous Materials
Nitric acid (class 8)

Other materials unless the nitric acid is not loaded above any other material.

Never load corrosive liquids next to or above:

Division 1.4 - Explosives C
Division 4.1 - Flammable Solids
Division 4.3 - Dangerous When Wet
Class 5 - Oxidizers
Division 2.3, Zone B - Poisonous Gases

Never load corrosive liquids with:

Division 1.1 or 1.2 - Explosives
Division 1.2 or 1.3 - Explosives
Division 1.5 - Blasting Agents
Division 2.3 - Zone A - Poisonous Gases
Division 4.2 - Spontaneously Combustible Materials
Division 6.1 - PGI, Zone A Poison Liquids

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