The Colossal Olmec head is carved out of volcanic basalt, which is an extremely hard stone, using only
A(n)___, often used with architecture as wall decorations, grows out of a flat, two-dimensional background, and its projection into three-dimensional space is relatively shallow.
In the plaque showing a king mounted on a horse with attendants from the Court of Benin, Nigeria, the central warrior chief is carve in ___ or almost in the round.
Robert Smithson is credited with creating the most famous and archetypal earthwork, which is titled
During the 1985 Biennial Exhibition at the Whitney Museum in New York City, ____ created a Postmodern, raucous fun-house in a minor hallway of a major museum.
In__ methods of sculpture, the sculpture is built up by modeling a flexible material like clay or plaster or building an installation.
In___ methods of sculpture, the sculpture is carved out of hard materials such as wood or stone.
When making a sculpture out of clay, artists will often form the clay around a metal skeleton, called a(n) ___, for extra strength.
welding and soldering
Sculptor David Smith uses the industrial techniques of __ and __ that he learned while working in an automobile factory.
"I wanted the form, but I didn't care for the carving. I wanted something more immediate because my creativity was faster." This quote describes ____, the artist who used found wooden objects to assemble large sculptures.
Artwork that combines sculpture, video, projection, and installation as well as characters named Cyc, Sug, and Coo describes the work of
they rejected images that appeared to be idolatrous
Early Islamic architecture used decorative patterns to decorate the mosques because____.
internal strength of the steel cage
A modern skyscraper such as the Seagram building can have glass as the "skin" of its exterior due to ____.
The area outside the facade of St. Peter's contains both a(n) ___, or row of columns, and a(n) ____, or courtyard.
The __ is the time period in which a distinction was made between the applied arts, or minor arts, and the major arts of painting and sculpture.
Clay, used by sculptors to model statues, is also the media used to make what is known as
The black-on-black designs of Maria Martinez and her husband Julian, which are inspired by historic American Indian patterns, combine both shiny and ___, or dull, surfaces.
As a potter's wheel turns, a lump of clay can be lifted and shaped by hand into a vessel, in an action called
The greatest period of stained glass artistry is considered to be medieval times, when multicolored glass paintings were used to fill the long windows of Gothic cathedrals. The most beautiful, best preserved set of windows can be found in
Which American painter is credited with using glass the was irregular, streaked, textured, or imperfect to create an illusion of shading and depth within his stained glass, which was used to decorate private homes?
Glass that is heated to a molten state and picked up in a small spherical blob at the end of a long metal pipe, then blown into bubbles of various shapes is a technique referred to as
Metal can be cast or welded, but it can also be ___, or heated, and ____, or hammered, into shape.
When fabric siljouettes are cut out and stitched onto the background of another fabric, it is called
The ___, an arts-and-crafts movement in the last decades of the nineteenth century, established a deliberate goal of making the useful beautiful and called for more artistic and tasteful design.
The selection and manipulation of styles and sizes of lettering, which is one of the basic activities of graphic design, is called
___ is the aesthetic refinement of products, making functional engineering solutions easy to use and attractive.