a distinctive artistic manner. Period style is the characteristic style of a specific time. Regional style is the style of a particular geographical area. Personal style is an individual artist's unique manner.
religious, historical, genre, portrait, landscape, etc.
Greek, the "writing of images". The term refers both to the content, or subject, of an artwork and to the study of content in art. It also includes the study of the symbolic, often religious, meaning of objects, persons, or events depicted in works of art.
an expert in attributing artworks to one artist rather than another. More generally, an expert on artistic style.
the person or entity that pays an artist to produce individual artworks or employs an artist on a continuing basis
the visual analysis of artistic form
in art, an object's shape and structure, either in two dimensions (for example, a figure painted on a surface) or in three dimensions (such as a statue)
the way in which an artist organizes forms in an artwork, either by placing shapes on a flat surface or arranging forms in space
the processes artists employ to create form, as well as the distinctive, personal ways in which they handle their materials and tools
the extension of a point along a path, made concrete in art by drawing on or chiseling into a plane
the value, or tonality, of a color is the degree of its lightness or darkness. The intensity, or saturation, of a color is its purity, its brightness or dullness.
a method of presenting an illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface. In linear perspective, the most common type, all parallel lines or surface edges converge on one, two, or three vanishing points located with reference to the eye level of the viewer (the horizon line o the picture) and associated objects are rendered smaller the farther from the viewer they are intended to seem. Atmospheric, or aerial, perspective creates the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity, the shift in color toward an almost neutral blue, and the blurring of contours as the intended distance between eye and object increases
the use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight
the relationship in size of the parts of persons, buildings, or objects, often based on a module
in sculpture, figures projecting from a background of which they are part. The degree of relief is designated high, low (bas), or sunken. In the last, the artist cuts the design into the surface so that the highest prjecting parts of the image are no higher than the surface itself.
the disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counterpositioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called "weight shift" because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot, creating tension on one side and relaxation on the other.
the art and culture of ancient Greece between 480 and 323 BCE. Lowercase classical refers more generally to Greco-Roman art and culture.
French, "fools the eye". A form of illusionistic painting that aims to deceive viewers into believing they are seeing real objects rather that a representation of those objects.
Latin, "eye". The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral.
Latin, "reminder of death". In painting, a reminder of human mortality, usually represented by a skull.
in painting, a full-size preliminary drawing from which a painting is made.
The process of repairing or renovating a building, work of art, etc., so as to restore it to its original condition.
Italian, "smoky". A smokelike haziness that subtly softens outlines in painting; particularly applied to the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and Correggio.
study of the human body
the uppermost course of the platform of a classical Greek temple, which supports the columns
Greek cross plan
a cross with four arms of equal length
in Renaissance and later art, depictions of an idyllic place of rural peace and simplicity. Derived from Arcadia, an ancient district of the central Peloponnesos in southern Greece.
a layer of thickly applied pigment
a triple projecting, grooved member of a doric frieze that alternates with metopes
in drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church
a religious pardon for a sin committed
the destruction of religious or sacred images
a distorted image that must be viewed by some special means to be recognized
a kind of painting that realistically depicts scenes from everyday life
a stick used to steady the hand while painting
Latin, "vanity". A term describing paintings (particularly 17th century Dutch still lifes) that include references to death.
painting of a historical event
a person's facial features or expression
a kind of engraving in which the design is incised in a layer of wax or varnish on a metal plate. The parts of the plate left exposed are then etched (slightly eaten away) by the acid in which the plate is immersed after incising.
Latin, "dark room". An ancestor of the modern camera in which a tiny pinhole, acting as a lens, projects an image on a screen, the wall or a room, or the ground-glass wall of a box; used by artists in the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries as an aid in drawing from nature
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning