What is hypoxia?
a state of oxygen defiency in the body sufficient to impair functions of the brain and other organs.
Define Standard Atmospheric conditions.
At sea level, the air temp is 15 degrees C and the barometric pressure is 29.92" of mercury (1013.2 millibars).
Why are the temperature and dew point reported together?
Known as the concept of relative humidity, it informs o when there will be precipitation (ex. within 4 degrees there will be fog, and as the temp lowers to the dew point there will be precipitation of some kind).
List 4 jobs/things that require FAA certification.
Aircraft, Pilot, Mechanic, ATC
How can you tell if an airport is international?
It will have customs.
What is the decision making process?
Provides a foundation for developing ADM (Aeronautical decision-making) and SRM (Single-pilot resource management. It is the ability to assess risk and react properly.
Give 3 examples of the decison making process.
Five "P" Check, (3P) Model, OODA loop
Define the 5P check.
Plan, Plane, Pilot, Passenger, Programming
What is the 3P model?
1. Perceive the given set of circumstances
2. Process by evaluating their impact on flight safety
3. Perform by implementing the best course of action
What does perceive hazards with PAVE mean?
Pilot, Aircraft, enVironment, External Pressure
What does process hazards by CARE mean?
Consequences, Alternatives, Reality, External Factors
What does perform risk management by TEAM mean?
Transfer, eliminate, accept, mitigate
What is the OODA loop?
Observation, Orientation, Decision, Action
Who created the OODA loop?
Col. John Boyd
What is the DECIDE model?
Detect, Estimate, Choose a course of action, Identify solutions, Do the necessary actions, Evaluate the effects of the actions
What is the function of an elevator?
To control pitch about the lateral axis. Connected to the control column through mechanical linkages. Pull the column back and the elevator goes up, causing the tail to lower and the nose to go up. Move column forward, opposite happens.
What is the function of ailerons?
Controls roll about the longitudinal axis. Attach to the outboard trailing edge of each wing, they move in opposite direction of each other. Move the stick right and the right aileron will go up, the left down causing the aircraft to roll right. Move the stick left and the opposite happens.
What is the function of a rudder?
It controls movement about the vertical axis, called yaw. Controlled by the rudder pedals. Move the left pedal and the rudder moves left causing the tail to move right and the nose of the plane moves to the left.
What are the function of flaps?
They are attached to the trailing edge of the wing. They are extended or retracted as required to either induce drag or create lift.
List 2 sections of the Pilot Operating Handbook.
Normal operating procedures
What is the importance of weight and balance?
There are a couple of reasons, one excess weight can overstress the aircraft and degrade performance. Another reason is that the distribution/location of the weight is very important especiall for stall and spin recovery.
List the 2 major airport parts.
Landside and Airside
What are 4 security measures on landside?
No parking zones, Boarding pass/ID checks, Sniffing Dogs, Baggage check
What are 4 security measures on the airside?
Warning signs, perimeter fences, employee checks, air marshals.
What do the painted numbers represent on the runway?
the state of the atmosphere at any given time and place with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, visibility, and barometric pressure.
a blanket of air made up of a mixture of gases that surround the Earth and reach almost 350 miles from the Earths surface.
What is a front.
The boundary layer between two different types of air masses
Define Jet stream.
A high velocity narrow stream of winds, usually found near the upper limit of the troposphere, which generally flows from west to east.
What is the dew point.
It is the temperature at which air reaches a state where it can hold no more water.